Vocabulary. chess [ʧes] n шахматыat the weekend на выходных
chess [ʧes] n шахматыat the weekend на выходных
concert ['kɔnsət] n концертwork [wə:k] n, v работа, работать
country ['kʌntrɪ] n страна, деревняworking dayрабочий день
go to the country ехать за городwork hard работать усердно
in the country за городомleave [li:v] v уходить, оставлять
cousin ['kʌz(ə)n] n двоюр. брат, сестраleave for уезжать в
evening ['i:vnıŋ] n вечерmeet [mi:t] v встречать(ся)
exam [ıg'zæm] n экзаменreceive [rı'si:v]принимать, получать
take an exam сдавать экзаменrepair [rı'peə] v, n чинить; ремонт
football ['futbɔːl] n футболspend [spend] v проводить, тратить
guest [gest] n гость, постоялецstay [steı] v останавл., гостить
holiday ['hɔlɪdɪ] n праздник, каникулыtake part in принимать участие в
meeting ['mi:tıŋ] n собрание, встречаnext [nekst] adj будущий, следующ.
morning ['mɔːnɪŋ] n утроnext week на следующей неделе
mountain ['mauntın] n гораtomorrow [tə'mɔrəu] adv завтра
picnic ['pıknık] n пикникtonight [tə'nait] сегодня вечером
report[rɪ'pɔːt] n, v доклад, докладыватьtogether [tə'geðə] вместе
summer ['sʌmə] n лето, летнийin two days через два дня
weekend ['wi:kend] n выходныеI would like (I’d like) мне бы хотелось
Ex. 2.Translate the sentences into Russian, then back into English. Analyze your mistakes and translate the sentences into English one more time:
1. Can you play chess? – No, I can’t play chess, but I can play football. 2. I would like to go to the museum. 3. Let’s go to the church in two days. 4. Are you making a report now? 5. Can you leave for Minsk on holiday? – Yes, I can. 6. Let’s have a picnic in the park. 7. He would like to go to the mountains in summer. 8. Would you like to live in the country? – No, I wouldn’t. I’d like to go to the country in summer, but not to live there. 9. My cousin must be busy now. He is working hard at his report. 10. What country are you from? – I’m from Belarus. 11. May we take part in your concert? 12. Go there in the evening. 13. Can you repair my car? 14. We must go to the meeting next week. 15. Let’s spend this summer at the sea together. 16. The students are taking an exam now. 17. Have you got much work to do today? 18. Let’s meet at the weekend. 19. Is Saturday your working day? 20. Leave the cat in the next room. 21. Let’s go to the cinema tonight. 22. Would you like to receive a lot of letters? 23. I’d like to spend this money on books. 24. Ned is staying at the hotel. 25. Who is this boy? – He is our guest from America. 26. I have a cup of coffee every morning.
| Present Continuous также употребляется: для выражения заранее намеченного, запланированного действия, которое совершится в будущем.
В этом значении Present Continuous часто употребляется с глаголами движения.
We are going to Minsk on Sunday. Мы едем в Минск в воскресенье.
Ex. 3. Study the example situations:
1. John and Mary are very busy today. They are giving a party tomorrow. 2. Jane is working hard. She is taking a test on Tuesday. 3. Tom is leaving for London tomorrow. 4. I am meeting Peter at the bus-stop at 6.
5. – Are you busy tonight?
– Yes, I am.
– What are you doing?
– I’m going to the cinema.
– What are you doing tomorrow evening?
– I’m playing football.
| Конструкция to be going + инфинитив
1. Конструкция to be going + инфинитив выражает намерение лица, обозначенного подлежащим, совершить действие.
I’m going to write to my mother tonight. Сегодня вечером я собираюсь написать (я напишу) своей матери.
Глаголы to go и to come обычно не употребляются в сочетании с конструкцией to be going to. Вместо He is going to go there. He is going to come here. – говорят: He is going there. He is coming here.
2. Конструкция to be going to употребляется также для выражения уверенности говорящего в том, что действие обязательно произойдет в ближайшем будущем.
Не is going to be a good engineer. Он станет хорошим инженером.
Ex. 4. Study the example situations:
1. I’m going to write some letters tonight. 2. My father is going to repair his car tomorrow. 3. Jane is not going to take part in the picnic. She is taking her exam tomorrow. 4. – What are your plans for tonight? – I’m going to play cards.
5. – Are you going to watch television on Friday night?
– No, I am not.
– Why not?
– Because I’m very busy on Friday.
6. – Is Tom going to visit Kate tonight?
– No, he isn’t.
– What is he going to do?
– He is going to stay at home.
7. – You are going to invite Lucy to the party, aren’t you?
– Yes, I am.
Ex. 5. Read the dialogues. Make up your own dialogues using the Models:
Model 1: – Are you doing anything on Saturday morning?
– I’m working in the garden.
on Monday evening – meet my mother at the station; on Friday afternoon – visit my parents; tomorrow – clean the windows; tonight – fix my radio-set; on Sunday – write my report
Model 2: – Are you going to the theatre on Sunday?
– No, I’m not.
– What are you doing?
– I’m visiting my friends.
cinema – play football; library – repair Ann’s TV set; Jane’s party – study my English; concert – receive guests
Model 3: – Where are you going after classes?
– To the cinema.
you – theatre; Mary – discotheque; John – bar
Model 4: – When is Lucy taking her test?
– On Tuesday.
Robert – leave – on Friday afternoon; Alice – come – in two days; they – begin – tomorrow morning; she – have her English class – this evening; you – see your parents – on Friday evening
Model 5: – I have something to tell you.
– What is it?
– I’m going to London ['lʌndən] next summer.
France [frɑːns]; Italy ['ɪt(ə)lɪ]; Germany ['ʤɜːmənɪ]; Rome [rəum]; Warsaw ['wɔːsɔː]; Washington ['wɔʃɪŋtən]
Ex. 6. Answer the questions:
1. What are you doing tonight? 2. What are you doing tomorrow? 3. What are you doing this weekend? 4. What are you doing after your English class today? 5. Are you going to the theatre tonight? 6. Are you meeting your friend on Saturday? 7. Are you having a meeting today?
Ex. 7. Tomorrow is Saturday. This is John’s plan for tomorrow:
1. 9 o’clock meet his cousin Lucy 4. 3 o’clock play tennis
2. 10 o’clock go to the cinema together 5. 6 o’clock go to a disco
3. 12 o’clock have lunch
Ex. 8. What is your daily programme for tomorrow?
Ex. 9. Read and learn the dialogues. Make up your own dialogues:
Model 1: – Is Tom going to play chess this evening?
– No, he isn’t.
– What is he going to do?
–He’s going to watch TV.
you – repair your car – study English; Lucy – play tennis – cook; Kate – type – write her article; you – cook – read
Model 2: – Where are you going to have dinner?
– At the canteen.
spend your holidays – in the mountains; rest – at the sea; have supper – at home; spend the weekend – in the country
Model 3: – When are they going to begin?
– In three days.
Peter – leave – in a week; you – come back – on Friday; Helen – take her exam – next week; you – type the documents – tomorrow morning
Model 4: – Who’s going to wash the car?
– When are you going to do it?
– Right away.
cook dinner; type the article; wash plates; fix the sink; send the letters; call Lucy
Model 5: – How are you going to spend the weekend?
– I’m going to the country.
Jack – go to a party; you – visit my parents; Alice – do some work; they – receive guests
Model 6: – I’d like to know if Mary is going to take me to the cinema.
– Go and ask her.
Victor – repair my TV set; Lucy – take part in the picnic; Bob and Mary – come; she – invite Peter
Model 7: – John is doing his homework.
– What is he going to do next?
– He’s going to listen to the news.
Mike – have a bath – have supper; Helen – study German now – watch television; the children – play football – do their homework
Model 8: – Is Mary drawing?
– No, she isn’t. She is only going to.
you – type; Victor – repair the car; John – do his exercises; Susan – eat; Mary – wash up
Model 9: – Is Steve going to be a pilot or a sailor?
– He’s going to be a sailor.
your daughter – a teacher or a doctor; your son – a driver or an actor; Philip – an artist or an engineer; Jane – a singer or a dancer
Model 10: – Tom is not going to play cards, is he?
– No, he isn’t.
you – be there; Kate – come; Dick – write the test; Betty – play chess
Ex. 10. Say what you and your friends are going to do:
Victor, open your exercise-book; write an English sentence in your exercise-book; close your exercise-book; give the exercise-book to Robert; take it back; read text 5; translate the text; open your bag; take something out of your bag; put it on the desk.
Ex. 11. Answer the questions:
What are you going to do after your English class? Where are you going to have supper? Are you going to watch TV tonight? You are not going to the cinema today, are you? What is your brother (sister, etc.) going to do tomorrow? Where are you going to rest in summer? When are you going to visit your friend? Are you going to Minsk this month? Where are you going to spend this weekend? What are you going to do at the weekend?
Ex. 12. 1. Say what you are going to do after the lesson/in the evening/tomorrow/tonight/on Sunday/in summer.
2. Say what your sister (brother, mother, father, friend) is going to do today/on Saturday/next week.
Ex. 13. Ask your friend about his/her plans for tomorrow/tonight/ this weekend/next week. Use the construction “to be going + to-infinitive.
Ex. 14. Mrs Green is a typist. Say what she is going to do tomorrow:
1. 9 o’clock come to the office
2. from 9 to 11 type some documents
3. 11 o’clock take the documents to her chief
4. 11.30 have lunch
5. 12 o’clock start typing again
6. 5 o’clock finish work
7. 6 o’clock play tennis in the park
8. from 8 to 9 write some letters to her friends
9. from 9 to 10 watch TV
10. from 10 to 11 read an interesting book
11. 11 o’clock listen to the news
Ex. 15. Make up dialogues:
1. Your friend is inviting you to a picnic for the weekend. You’ve got some other plans and can’t go there.
2. Tomorrow is Sunday. You and your friend are discussing plans for your day off.
Ex. 16. Put the verb in brackets in the correct form:
Ned: Where (be) Nell, Ann?
Ann: She (be) in the kitchen.
Ned: What she (do) there?
Ann: She (make) a cake.
Ned: Tommy (be) still at school?
Ann: No, he (be, not). He (be) in the park with some of his friends.
Ned: What they (do) there?
Ann: They (play) football.
Ned: When he (come back)?
Ann: At 4 o’clock.
Ned: And what you (do)?
Ann: I (write) a letter to my friend Jane Smith.
Ned: She (be going) to visit us this summer?
Ann: No, she (be, not). Jane and her husband (go) to Italy for their holidays this year.
Ex. 17. Ask all types of questions:
1. The students are going to write a dictation. 2. She is going to send a letter to her grandmother. 3. The Smiths are leaving on Sunday. 4. Ann is not coming to the party. 5. Nick is waiting for Lily at the bus-stop.
Ex. 18. Use the correct prepositions (for (2), about (2), to (3), with):
1. What are you looking ...? 2. Who is she talking ...? 3. You are waiting ... Kate, aren’t you? 4. What are they talking ...? 5. Who is he writing ...? 6. What are you thinking ...? 7. What is she listening ...? 8. Who are they travelling ...?
Ex. 19. Translate into English:
1. Ты собираешься смотреть телевизор сегодня вечером? – Да. – Я тоже. 2. Том уезжает во вторник. 3. Чем сейчас занимается Катя? – Переводит статью. – А что она собирается делать потом? – Она хочет сходить в кино. 4. Когда ты собираешься навестить брата? – Завтра утром. 5. Ты едешь завтра за город? – Нет. Завтра я сдаю экзамен по английскому языку. 6. Мои друзья приезжают в воскресенье. Я собираюсь встретить их на вокзале. 7. Сегодня вечером я иду в театр. 8. В будущем году я собираюсь учить французский язык. 9. Он собирается летом поехать на море? 10. Что ты собираешься делать после занатий? – Я пойду в столовую. 11. Он собирается пригласить в кино своего двоюродного брата. 12. Что ты собираешься надеть на вечер? 13. Кто собирается принять участие в концерте? 14. Завтра с 5 до 6 я играю в теннис в парке.