Студопедия Главная Случайная страница Задать вопрос

Разделы: Автомобили Астрономия Биология География Дом и сад Другие языки Другое Информатика История Культура Литература Логика Математика Медицина Металлургия Механика Образование Охрана труда Педагогика Политика Право Психология Религия Риторика Социология Спорт Строительство Технология Туризм Физика Философия Финансы Химия Черчение Экология Экономика Электроника

Упражнение 9





1.Прочитайте текст и переведите письменно.

CARROTS

Our cultivated carrots have been obtained from the wild carrot, which is a common annual or biennial weed, by a process of selection. There numerous varieties, varying from the small sweet garden sorts to the large, white-fleshed field carrots which are grown exclusively for stock. The yellow varieties are very rich in carotene. Carrots grow well under all climatic conditions, but large-scale cultivation is almost restricted to two soil types – very deep, sandy loams and the light peats.

No attempt should be made to grow field varieties on shallow or stony land, as the crop is certain to be inferior and unprofitable. Crops grown on heavy land are very difficult and costy to harvest. The importance of clean land for carrots can hardly be overestimated, as the seedlings are so slow-growing and delicate that they cannot complete with weeds. A row width of 14 of 18 in. facilitates tractor work. But if the land is free from perennial weeds, and if a selective weed killer is used to deal with annuals, little inter-row cultivations is required. Some growers that so far as fertilizers are concerned, in much the same way as sugar beet. But on land that is in reasonably fertile condition the crop gives little response either to phosphate or nitrogen.

Potash, however will usually produce a response. Main crop carrots are produced in April or early May, in this mildest districts crop for the early market may be sown in February.

The subsequent cultivations consist of keeping the land thoroughly clean by spraying, tractor-hoeing, and hand-weeding. The last is very laborious and every effort should be made to eliminate it.

2.Ответьте на вопросы по тексту письменно.

1. What is the carrot?

2. What do you know about varieties of this crop?

3. What type of soil carrot should be made to grow?

4. Is it necessary to use fertilizers?

 


Контрольная работа № 2

Вариант 1

Упражнение 1. Заполните пропуски соответствующими личными или притяжательными местоимениями.

1. … is calling to you. Please, answer … .

2. The girl is telling me about … dress.

3. Kate is preparing to exams. Don’t miss to … .

4. This toy is so nice. I like … very much.

5. The theatre is old, but … walls are high.

 

Упражнение 2. Задайте пять видов вопросов к предложению.

His garden is very beautiful.

 

Упражнение 3.Напишите множественное число следующих существительных.

Kind, plant, part, seed, crop, harrow, cultivator, man, potato, machine.

 

Упражнение 4. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий и на сравнительные конструкции.

1. My job isn’t interesting. I must find something more interesting.

2. Monaco is much smaller than Germany.

3. Tennis isn’t as popular as football.

4. The more we write, the more grammar rules we know.

5. The highest mountain in Russia is the Caucasus.

 

Упражнение 5. Заполните пропуски словами many, much, a lot of.

1. Do you have … water?

2. Don’t eat … mangoes.

3. This farmer has … livestock.

4. There are … new pictures in the room.

5. … of their answer were excellent.

 

Упражнение 6.Переведите на русский язык следующие пары слов.

Forage crops, outdoor planting, seed-bed, 2-6 inches apart, black-top land, water supply, arable districts.

 

Упражнение 7. Раскройте скобки, обращая внимание на употребление глагола в Passive Voice.

1. The first Mickey Mouse (to draw) in 1928.

2. In the Great London Fire of 1666, 3,000 houses and 97 churches (to destroy).

3. The telephone (to invent) by Alexander Bell.

4. These flowers (to grow) in our garden.

5. “Romeo und Juliet” (to write) by Shakespeare.

 

Упражнение 8. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно.

Corn

Corn is known to belong to the tropical plants. However, it has been found that it is well adapted to the temperature zone where it reaches its best development. The leading countries in the production of this crop are the United States, the Russian Federation, Argentina and Egypt.

Corn is thought to be a native of America. It is said that it was introduced into Europe by Columbus after he had returned from his voyage.

Botanical Characteristics. Botanically corn is a grass, that is, it belongs to the same family of plants as timothy and wheat. Its roots are fibrous and spread several feet in the ground in all directions. The stem, like that of all grasses, is made up of nodes and internodes, varying greatly in length in different varieties. The corn stem is known to have a hard fibrous coat and a soft, spongy pith, differing from the hollow stem of most grasses. The height of the plant varies from 5 to 20 feet. The usual height is considered to be from 5 to 10.

Climatic Requirements. Corn requires a generous, well distributed rainfall, a frost-free growing period of sufficient length and an abundance of warm weather. A good distribution of rainfall is essential during the critical months July and August. During this period of rapid growth corn is found to require a large amount of water.

A growing season from 80 to160 days is necessary to mature the various corn varieties. Production of corn in the northern regions has been increased as a result of the development of very early maturing hybrids. Most of the earlier maturing varieties are grown in this areas used for silage.

Упражнение 9. Ответьте на вопросы.

1. What is corn botanically?

2. What kind of climate does corn like?

3. What is its growing season?

 

 

Вариант 2

Упражнение 1. Заполните пропуски соответствующими личными или притяжательными местоимениями.

1. This is Mr. Smith, but I don’t know …wife.

2. He has two sisters, but I don’t remember … names.

3. Is Peter at home? Can I speak to …?

4. We like hockey. It is … favorite sport.

5. Do you like … flat?

 

Упражнение 2. Задайте 5вопросов к предложению.

The cabbage is a cruciferous plant which has obtained by a long process of selection.

 

Упражнение 3. Напишите множественное число следующих существительных.

Tuber, maize, field, soil, process, food, grain, land, rate, spade, fork, plow.

 

Упражнение 4. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий и на сравнительные конструкции.

1. Vegetables are less expensive than meat.

2. The more books you read, the better for you.

3. This pumpkin is not as fat as that one.

4. Wheat is one of the most important cereals.

5. They have more fruits than we have.

 

Упражнение 5. Заполните пропуски словами many, much, a lot of.

1. There is … air in the room.

2. … students study at the Institute.

3. There are … vegetables in the garden.

4. There is not … ducks in our village.

5. He has … books on the shelf.

 

Упражнение 6. Переведите на русский язык следующие пары слов.

At the rate, minor crop, root crop, sugar beet, high dry matter content, average land, they cause the roots to folk.

 

Упражнение 7. Раскройте скобки, обращая внимание на употребление глагола в Passive Voice.

1. This dress (to buy) by my sister.

2. The car (to drive) every day?

3. These plants (to water) tomorrow for sure.

4. The letters (to sent) yesterday.

5. Fiat (to make) in Italy.

 

Упражнение 8. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно.






Дата добавления: 2015-06-15; просмотров: 261. Нарушение авторских прав

Studopedia.info - Студопедия - 2014-2017 год . (0.012 сек.) русская версия | украинская версия