WORD-FORMATION. I. Could you define the following terms?
I. Could you define the following terms?
morpheme, allomorph, morph, root, affix, prefix, suffix, free morpheme, bound morpheme, semi-bound morpheme, IC, UC.
II. Do the morphemic analysis of the words below:
inseparability, oversimplified, subconsciously, consumer, gooseberry, undernourishment, presidential.
III. Answer the following questions.
1) What is word-formation?
2) What is the difference between morphemic and derivational analysis?
3) What are the principle ways of English word-building?
4) What do we mean by productivity and activity in word-formation?
5) What are the main functions of word-formation?
IV.Match the terms and their definitions.
| а. а group of words built after the same pattern
b. а word that has two derivational structures
с. а group of derivationally related words with
the same root
d. а set of derivational steps necessary to produce а derivative
е. а formula describing the structure of derived words
f. the source of а derivative
g. а unit of secondary nomination motivated structurally and semantically by оther linguistic units
1. the derivational base
2. а derivational pattern
3. the derivational structure
4. derivational relations
5. а derived word
6. а polystructural derivative
7. а derivational cluster
8. а derivational set
V. Do the derivational analysis of the following words. Describe their derivational structure using different methods.
unpredictability, hit-and-run, eco-tourism, butch, deplane, shopaholic, biodegradable, faxable, microwavery, singlehood, newmannery.
VI. Characterise the affixes given below (etymology, valency, productivity, etc.)
-ness, -ous, -ly, -у, -dom, -en, en-, -hood, over-, dis-.
VII. Group the given words according to а certain principle. Define the principle.
1. consume, presume, resume, compress, presuppose, reunite, conceive, receive, reiterate, re-enter;
2. irrevocable, invisible, indisputable, undisputable, immeasurable, unaccountable, illegible;
3. sevenish, pinkish, largish, wolfish, mulish, Polish, boyish, snarlish, whitish, Turkish, greenish, owlish;
4. reader, render, cooker, runner, driver, grinder, wiper, player, worker, safer, deliver;
5. росketful, р1аtеful,jugful, dutiful, cheerful, tactful, bagful, forceful, full-page, full-size, mouthful.
VIII. Explain the meaning of these abbreviations. State their type.
BSs, FBI, Fr, ext., CD, asaр, PIN, е.g., Unesco, rep, enc., WС Gents, CFC-free, the health globocrats of the WНО.
IX.State the semantic relations in the following conversion pairs. State the direction of conversion, explain your answer.
room - to room, valet - to valet, shoulder - to shoulder, journey - to journey, shadow - to shadow, shelter - to shelter, pin - to pin, fork – to fork, pale - to pale, dog - to dog, age - to age, star - to star, make - to make.
Х. Analyse the derivational structure of the following compounds. State their type.
high pitched, hands-on, gold-seeker, U-turns, good-for-nothing, nightgown, bluish-green, dragon-fly, spokesperson, crackdown, Euro-bank.
XI. Are the following compounds or word-groups? Explain your answer.
roughhouse, black skirt, black shirt, bluecoat, blue stocking, top hat, top man, dog house.
XII. Define the way of word-building; say as much as you can about the derivatives.
to book, advertocracy, to butle, African-American, beaut, brekkie, unladylike, old-fashioned, PM.
ХШ. Show the structure оf the clusters with the help of а graph.
а. yell (v), yelling (а), yelling (n), yeller, outyell, yell (n);
b. wolf, wolf(v), wolfish, wolflike, wolfishly.