:

E) The Jewish and the Aramaic




!
, , , , , -

 

252. When did the Great Vowel Shift begin?

A) In 1200 AD

B) In 1400 AD

C) In 55 BC

D) In 43 BC

E) In 1150 AD

 

253. When did Geoffrey Chaucer start writing the Canterbury Tales?

A) 1389

B) 1400

C) 1388

D) 1480

E) 1390

 

254. When did William Caxton establish the first English printing press?

A) 1600

B) 1500

C) 1480

D) 1479

E) 1482

 

255. When was Shakespeares first folio published?

A) 1650

B) 1700

C) 1623

D) 1723

E) 1263

 

256. Which alphabets were used in Old English?

A) Greek

B) Runic and Latin

C) Latin and Greek

D) Runic and Greek

E) Chinese and Runic

 

257. What religious poem was written in Old English?

A) Boswells biography

B) Canterbury Tales

C) Beowulf

D) Ruthwell Cross

E) Shakespeare poem

 

258. When did the period of lost ending occur?

A) Proto English

B) Middle English

C) Modern English

D) Old English

E) Between Old and Middle English

 

259. When was Henry Sweet born?

A) 1600

B) 1912

C) 1400

D) 1845

E) 1850

 

260. What author did suggest division of the history of English according to the state of unstressed endings?

A) Samuel Johnson

B) William Shakespeare

C) Geoffrey Chaucer

D) William Caxton

E) Henry Sweet

 

261. Anglian dialect spoken from the Humber north to the river Forth is:

A) Northumbrian

B) Kentish

C) West Saxon

D) Mercian

E) Cockney

 

262. The period of leveled endings is:

A) Proto English

B) Middle English

C) Modern English

D) Old English

E) English Renaissance

 

263. Which process does mean a change of vowel caused by partial assimilation to the following vowel?

A) Contraction

B) Fracture

C) Palatalization

D) Mutation

E) Loss of consonants

 

264. What does Old English word sceacan mean?

A) Send

B) Short

C) Shine

D) Say

E) Shake

 

265. Which alphabet did replace Runic in Old English system?

A) German

B) Greek

C) English

D) Latin

E) French

 

266. Which Old English document was made of whale bone?

A) Ruthwell Cross

B) Runic Cusket

C) Canterbury Tales

D) Beowulf

E) Faerie Queene

 

267. A dialect spoken in the area known now as Kent and Surrey and in the Isle of Wight is:

A) Kentish

B) West Saxon

C) Mercian

D) Northumbrian

E) Cornwall

 

268. The main dialect of the Saxon group, spoken in the rest of England south of the Thames and the Bristol Channel, except Wales and Cornwall, where Celtic tongues were preserved is:

A) Northumbrian

B) Kentish

C) Mercian

D) West Saxon

E) East Saxon

 

269. A dialect derived from the speech of southern Angles and spoken chiefly in the kingdom of Mercia is:

A) Kentish

B) Humber

C) Northumbrian

D) Mercian

E) Anglian

 

270. A dialect spoken from the Humber north to the river Forth is:

A) Wight

B) Mercian

C) Kentish

D) Northumbrian

E) West Saxon

 

271. What does the process of mutation mean?

A) Diphthongization of short vowels before certain

B) A change of vowel caused by partial assimilation to the following vowel consonant clusters

C) Lengthening of vowel in Certain Conditions

D) Voicing and unvoicing of Fricatives

E) Phonetic change which consists in two sounds exchanging their places

 

272. A phonetic change which consists in two sounds exchanging their places is:

A) Palatalization

B) Stress

C) Metathesis

D) Mutation

E) Contraction

 

273. Diphthongization of short vowels before certain consonant clusters is:

A) Gradation

B) Palatalization

C) Old English Fracture

D) Umlaut

E) Contraction

 

274. Which dialect is represented by the works of king Alfred?

A) The Mercian

B) The Kentish

C) The Northumbrian

D) The West-Saxon

E) The East-Saxon

 

275. Which alphabet was used in poems of Ruthwell Cross?

A) Latin

B) Germanic

C) Greek

D) Runic

E) French

 

276. Which dialect is represented by translation of the Psalter and hymns?

A) The Northumbrian

B) The Kentish

C) The West-Saxon

D) The East-Saxon

E) The Mercian

 

277. Who was the author of Beowulf?

A) Unknown

B) William Shakespeare

C) King Alfred

D) Somerset Maugham

E) Adrian Mitchell

 

278. What is the base of division of the history of English according to Henry Sweet?

A) Grammatical structure of language

B) The changes in vocabulary

C) The phonetic changes

D) The state of unstressed endings

E) The types of word-building

 

279. Which alphabets were used in Old English?

A) The Germanic and the Latin

B) The Runic and the Latin

C) The Greek and The Norman

D) The Norman and the Anglo-Saxon

E) The Latin and the Greek

 

280. Which division of the English language did Henry Sweet propose?

A) Norman English, Anglo-Saxon English, Scandinavian English

B) Old English, Modern English

C) Proto-English, Old English, Middle English, Modern English

D) Early English, Late English, Modern English

E) Old English, Middle English, Modern English

 

281. When did Shakespeare die?

A) 1563

B) 1562

C) 1564

D) 1568

E) 1569

 

282. When did Chaucer start writing the Canterbury Tales?

A) 1387

B) 1389

C) 1390

D) 1391

E) 1388

 

283. What was the time of 1400?

A) The first book was published

B) Shakespeare dies

C) The first newspaper was published

D) The Great Value Shift

E) The first dictionary was published

 

 

284. Where was the first newspaper published?

A) Budapest

B) New York

C) Paris

D) London

E) Rome

 

285. Which two alphabets were used in Old English?

A) The Runic and Latin

B) The Latin and English

C) The Runic and Anglo-French

D) The Anglo-French and English

E) The English and Runic

 

286. By what year had the Old English been speaking?

A) 9th century

B) Around 1500 AD

C) Until around 1100 AD

D) 11th century

E) 8th century

 

287. How is the first period in the history of language named?

A) The period of leveled endings

B) The period lost endings

C) The period of conquest

D) The period of full endings

E) The period of the great innovation

 

288. Another name of Early Modern English is:

A) Canadian English

B) Elizabethan English

C) Charles English

D) Philippine English

E) Singaporean English

 

289. Author of the first dictionary, published in 1828 in America is:

A) James Bible

B) Noah Webster

C) Samuel Johnson

D) William Shakespeare

E) Johann Gutenberg

 

300. The spread of public libraries was in the

A) 16 century

B) 19 century

C) 17 century

D) 18 century

E) 20 century

 

301. The most spoken language in the world after Chinese language is:

A) Swedish

B) English

C) German

D) Dutch

E) Turkish

 

302. A big development in the world at the beginning of Modern English is:

A) the Civil War

B) Radio broadcasting

C) Development of software

D) the Renaissance

E) International diplomacy

 

303. The main difference between Early modern English and Late Modern English is:

A) pronunciation

B) grammar

C) vocabulary

D) spelling

E) writing

 

304. Which event did increase literacy in the Modern English period?

A) the Industrial Revolution

B) the Renaissance

C) public education

D) the British Colonialism

E) the Civil War

 

305. When was the first English dictionary published?

A) 1604

B) 1755

C) 1695

D) 1724

E) 1800

 

306. Even with all the borrowings from many other languages the heart of the English language is .

A) Anglo- Frisian of Middle English

B) New Zealand English of Late Modern English

C) Canadian of Modern English

D) American English

E) Anglo- Saxon of Old English

 

307. The common language for use in such diverse applications as controlling airplanes, developing software, conducting international diplomacy, and business relations is:

A) Chinese

B) French

C) English

D) German

E) Norwegian

 

308. Which language of Middle English was a language of a formal life in England?

A) English

B) French

C) German

D) Latin

E) Spanish

 

309. Find the word borrowed from French

A) Bag

B) Plate

C) Trouble

D) Floor

E) Sky

 

310. From what Old English dialect was Northern dialect developed?

A) West Saxon

B) Mercian

C) Kentish

D) Northumbrian

E) Celtic

 

311. Which group of Middle English dialects do indeed the Kentish and the South Western dialects?

A) Germanic

B) Midland

C) Northern

D) Southern

E) French

 

312. How is Mercian dialect called now?

A) Southern

B) Northern

C) Cockney

D) Midland

E) Scottish

 

313. Find the word borrowed from French

A) Rose

B) Goal

C) Earth

D) School

E) House

 

314. The alphabet of 19 century is basically the same in use in:

A) English Renaissance

B) Our days

C) Old English

D) Proto English

E) The days of Norman Conquest

 

315. Northumbrian dialect is now called:

A) Southern

B) Saxon

C) Northern

D) Mercian

E) Kentish

 

316. Mercian dialect is now called:

A) Midland

B) South Western

C) Southern

D) Kentish

E) Northern

 

317. West Saxon and Kentish dialects are now called:

A) Northern

B) Southern

C) Kentish

D) Midland

E) Mercian

 

318. How was the consonant x first spelt?

A) sh

B)

C)

D) Ө

E) d

 

319. When did the East Saxon dialect become more important?

A) Proto English

B) Middle English

C) Old English

D) Early Middle English

E) Modern English

 

320. When did the Midland area become more diversified linguistically?

A) Old English

B) Middle English

C) Modern English

D) Proto English

E) Early Modern English

 

320. When did the Midland area become more diversified linguistically?

A) Early Modern English

B) Old English

C) Modern English

D) Proto English

E) Middle English

 

321. When did the Northern dialect include several provincial dialects?

A)Old English

B) Middle English

C) Early Middle English

D) Proto English

E) Late Modern English

 

322. How many strong verbs were in OE?

A) 500

B) 400

C) 100

D) 300

E) 200

 

323. How many classes are the strong verbs in OE divided into?

A) 4

B) 8

C) 7

D) 5

E) 9

 

324. This dialect had developed from OE Northumbrian

A) Eastern

B) Southern

C) Midland

D) Northern

E) West

 

325. This group included the Kentish dialect

A) Eastern

B) Midland

C) Southern

D) West

E) Northern

 

326. Which dialect did prevail over others in Late MidE?

A) West

B) London

C) Northern

D) Eastern

E) Southern

 

327. The most famous writer from the Middle English period is:

A) Cecil Rhodes

B) A.W. Franks

C) Noah Webster

D) Geoffrey Chaucer

E) Samuel Johnson

 

328. The most famous work from the Middle English period is:

A) Artificial writing

B) Utopia

C) "Beowulf"

D) The Canterbury Tales

E) Novum Organum

 

329. The dialect of Middle English derived from the Mercian dialect of Old English is:

A) Southern

B) Midland

C) Kentish

D) Northern

E) Northumbrian

 

330. Development of the Northern dialect is

A) Lowland Scottish

B) Lowland Norman

C) Lowland British

D) Lowland Irish

E) Lowland Swedish

 

331. The dialect which was spoken over the whole southeastern part of England, including London and Essex is:

A) East-Midland

B) West-Midland

C) Kentish

D) Northern

E) Mercian

 

332. The direct descendant of the west Saxon dialect of Old English is

A) Western

B) Southern

C) Northern

D) Kentish

E) Eastern

 

333. How many French words were adopted into English during the Norman occupation?

A) 1000

B) 50,000

C) 10,000

D) 30,000

E) 8000

 

334. Well-known poet of the 14 century is

A) Michael Brown

B) William Caxton

C) John Gower

D) James Adams

E) O. Henry

 

335. Old English nouns have types of declension.

A) 1

B) 3

C) 4

D) 2

E) 5

 

336. From what Old English dialect did Northern dialects develope?

A) Midland

B) Southern

C) Northumbrian

D) Celtic

E) Kentish

 

337. Which dialects did the Southern group include?

A) The Yorkshire and the Lancashire

B) The Mercian dialects

C) The Kentish and the South-Western

D) The OE Saxon dialects

E) Southern and Kentish

 

338. How many morphological categories did the Old English nouns have?

A) Five

B) Three

C) Nine

D) Two

E) One

 

339. How many cases did the Old English nouns have?

A) Seven

B) Five

C) Four

D) Two

E) Six

 

340. From what language was the majority of innovations in Middle English spelling?

A) Italian

B) French

C) Greek

D) Spanish

E) Latin

 

341. In what century did English make their first attempts to conquer Ireland?

A) In 15th

B) In 12th

C) In 11th

D) In 14th

E) In 16th

 

342. What vowel is often represented by the letter O?

A) U

B) Y

C) A

D) E

E) I

 

343. How many types of nouns does the OE have?

A) 2

B) 3

C) 4

D) 1

E) 5

 

344. What categories does the OE have?

A) Homonymous

B) Morphological

C) Grammatical

D) Prefixes

E) Semantic correlations

 

345. How many genders did the nouns distinguish?

A) 2

B) 4

C) 5

D) 6

E) 3

 

346. How many members did the category of number consist of?

A) 3

B) 2

C) 4

D) 5

E) 6

 

347. How many cases did the noun have in OE?

A) 5

B) 3

C) 2

D) 4

E) 6

 

348. Find the definition for the Nominatives case

A) The case could convey an instrumental meaning.

B) The case of nouns, pronouns serving as attributes to other nouns.

C) The case of the active agent, for it was the case of the subject mainly used with verbs denoting activity.

D) The case indicating the means or manner of an action.

E) The case could indicate the passive subject.

 

349. What meanings do the Genitives have?

A) The case of the active agent

B) The easy meanings

C) The double meanings

D) The complex meanings

E) The case could convey an instrumental meaning.

 

350. What impact did Christianity have on English?

A) It changed spelling

B) It introduced English vocabulary

C) It changed the grammar

D) It influenced on pronunciation

E) It introduced new words

 

351. Why are there so few Celtic words in English?

A) The Celts invasion took a short time

B) The Celts and Saxons did not mix

C) The two languages were too similar

D) The Saxon invasion took a long time

E) The Celts and Saxons were mix

 

352. What did change in 16th and 17th centuries?

A) English Grammar

B) English pronunciation

C) English vocabulary

D) English words

E) English words were changed on new

 

353.What did happen in the end of the 11th century?

A) English disappeared for a long time

B) Danish grammar was different from Old English

C) New Danish endings appeared on some words

D) Old English referred to Anglo-Saxon

E) English was the language of culture

 

354. To what family of languages does English enter?

A) North Germanic

B) West Germanic

C) East Germanic

D) Celtic

E) Greek

 

355. Which dialect was spoken by Anglo-Saxons?

A) Dutch

B) Norman

C) Latin

D) Celtic

E) Old English

 

356. When did the Norman Conquest happen?

A) 1055

B) 1056

C) 1066

D) 1063

E) 1060

 

357. What language did give to English these words: camp, cheese, wall?

A) Norman

B) Latin

C) Germanic

D) Dutch

E) Danish

 

358. In what centuries did the Germanic tribes colonize England?

A) 16-17th

B) 17-18th

C) 18-19th

D) 19-20th

E) 15-16th

 

359. In what century did the Old Norman language influence English?

A) 13th

B) 10th

C) 12th

D) 11th

E) 9th

 

360. Find the period when endings of words were leveled

A) Proto English

B) Middle English

C) New English

D) Old English

E) Modern English

 

361. Find the period of full endings
A) Modern English

B) New English

C) Early Middle English

D) Old English

E) Late Middle English

 

362. Find the period of lost endings
A) Proto English

B) Modern English

C) Middle English

D) Old English

E) Early Middle English

 

363. Which alphabets were used in writings in Old English?

A) The Celtic and the Italic

B) The Icelandic and the Frisian

C) The Dutch and the Swedish

D) The Runic and the Latin

E) The Albanian and the Gothic

 

364. Which dialect was spoken by Angels living north of the Humber?

A) Mercian

B) Norman

C) Northumbrian

D) French

E) West-Saxon

 

365. Which dialect was spoken by Angels between the Humber and the Themes?

A) Mercian

B) Norman

C) Northumbrian

D) French

E) West-Saxon

 

366. What dialect was spoken by Saxons south of Themes?

A) French

B) Norman

C) Mercian

D) West-Saxons

E) Northumbrian

 

367. From what language were the words: army, troop, mail borrowed in Middle English?

A) Celtic

B) Norman

C) Germanic

D) French

E) Albanian

 

368. In what period were three opposed phonemes [e/i], [a] and [o/u] used?

A) Late Middle English

B) Old English

C) Early Middle English

D) Proto English

E) Modern English

 

369. In what period were two vowels in unaccented syllables [ә] and [i] used?

A) Late Middle English

B) Old English

C) Early Middle English

D) Proto English

E) Modern English

 

370. From what dialect did Northern dialect develop?
A) Northumbrian

B) Danish

C) Mercian

D) French

E) West-Saxon

 

371. To what group did the Kentish and the South-Western dialects refer?

A) The Southern

B) Danish

C) Mercian

D) French

E) Northumbrian

 

372. To what dialects did Midland (Central) dialect divide?
A) West Midland and East Midland

B) South Midland and East Midland

C) West Midland and North Midland

D) North Midland and South Midland

E) West Midland and South Midland

 

373. By whom was the French language brought to England?

A) The Norman conquerors

B) The French conquerors

C) The Danish conquerors

D) The Celtic immigrants

E) The Germanic conquerors

 

374. In what work did the first French loanwords record in the 14th century?

A) Chaucers vocabulary

B) Latin Writings

C) Runic subscript

D) Shakespeares poem

E) Johnsons dictionary

 

375. What was the name of Mercian dialect in Middle English?

A) Northumbrian

B) Midland

C) Northern

D) West-Mercian

E) London

 

376. What was the name of Northumbrian dialect in Middle English?

A) Mercian

B) Northern

C) West-Saxon

D) Midland

E) London

 

377. What grammatical (morphological) categories did the noun have in Old English?

A) Gender and number

B) Number and case

C) Gender, number and case

D) Case and gender

E) Quality and quantity

 

378. Which Middle English dialect did make the basis of the London dialect?

A) East-Saxon

B) Midland

C) Mercian

D) Northern

E) Northumbrian

 

379. How many cases were in Middle English?

A) 6

B) 4

C) 8

D) 2

E) 7

 

380. Which cases did exist in Middle English?

A) Nominative, Genitive

B) Common, Possessive

C) Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative

D) Nominative, Genitive, Dative

E) Common, Genitive, Dative, Possessive

 

381. What dialect was represented by Geoffrey Chaucers work?

A) East Midland

B) West Midland

C) Kent

D) London

E) Scotland

 

382. What group of dialects does include the Kentish and the South Western dialects?

A) Southern

B) Northern

C) West Saxon

D) Mercian

E) Western

 

383. The Northumbrian dialect is now called as:

A) Northern

B) Midland

C) West Saxon

D) East Saxon

E) Southern

 

384. Mercian dialect is called now as:

A) Midland

B) Northern

C) Scottish

D) Welsh

E) Southern

 

385. Yorkshire and the Lancashire dialects belong to

A) Kentish dialect

B) Midland dialect

C) Southern dialect

D) West Saxon dialect

E) Northern dialect

 

386. How many words were borrowed from about 50 languages during 16th and 17th centuries?

A) 4000 words

B) 2000 words

C) 5000 words

D) 3500 words

E) 3000 words

 

387. From where did new words mainly come?

A) From German

B) From Greek

C) From Latin

D) From Italian

E) From French

 

388. From where did the words: expensive, explain, destiny and fact come?

A) Latin

B) Italian

C) Africa

D) Turkey

E) Persia

 

389. The words chocolate and tomato came from

A) Brazil

B) Latin

C) Mexico

D) Turkey

E) Persia

 

390. When did The King Lames Bible appear?

A) 1612

B) 1161

C) 1216

D) 1116

E) 1611

 

391. The publication of the first Book of Common Prayer in English, under the supervision of Thomas Cranmer was in

A) 1409

B) 1543

C) 1500

D) 1900

E) 1649

 

392. The publication of Paradise Lost by John Milton was in

A) 1662

B) 1667

C) 1611

D) 1539

E) 1800

 

393. In what century was a time of political and social upheaval in England?

A) 18th century

B) 16th century

C) 17th century

D) 14th century

E) 15th century

 

394. How many types does the noun have?

A) 6

B) 3

C) 4

D) 5

E) 2

 

395. Quantitative vowel changes occurred in:

A) Early New English

B) Late New English

C) Early Middle English

D) Late Middle English

E) Old English

 

396. The reverse quantitative change means:

A) Shortening of vowels

B) Vocalization of consonants

C) Palatalization

D) Phonetic change

E) Lengthening of vowels

 

397. The oldest surviving correspondence in English, by sir John Hawkwood dates from the:

A) 1290s

B) 1490s

C) 1390s

D) 1389s

E) 1598s

 

398. Who did open the way for the introduction of Norman French as a language of polite discourse and literature?

A) Normans

B) Angles

C) Scottish

D) Celtic

E) Jutes

 

399. Normans invaded Britain and settled down there in:

A) 1166

B) 1066

C) 1266

D) 1060

E) 1065

 

400. From where did the words: expensive, explain, destiny come?

A) America

B) Mexico

C) Asia

D) Latin

E) English

 

401. What does the apple of somebodys eyes mean?

A) A very honest person

B) You only just manage to do something

C) A person who is loved very much by somebody

D) A honest way of living

E) A person who is sympathetic

 

402. Which of these creative works belong to Geoffrey Chaucer?

A) Brut

B) Canterbury Tales

C) The cold of the wild

D) Fairy tales

E) Ornulum

 

403. When did the Pope Gregory send a mission to Britain?

A) 596

B) 638

C) 731

D) 598

E) 500

 

404. What period did the king Oswine live?

A) 670- 900

B) 630-658

C) 642- 669

D) 642- 670

E) 700- 701

 

405. How many alphabets were there in Old English?

A) 7

B) 3

C) 5

D) 2

E) 1

 

406. Where did the Latin language become international language?

A) in France

B) in South-East Scotland

C) in Western Europe

D) in Northern Ireland

E) in kingdom

 

407. Where was J.Chaucer born?

A) Scotland

B) France

C) London

D) Ireland

E) Australia

 

408. When was J. Chaucer died?

A) 1500

B) 1211

C) 1400

D) 1312

E) 1000

 

409. Who was called as the founder of realism?

A) Oswine

B) Ormulum

C) Richard

D) Chaucer

E) Pope Gregory

 

410. How many kingdoms were there in Britain in the 6th century?

A) 11

B) 9

C) 5

D) 7

E) 1

 

411. Which kingdoms were taking upper hand in an Old English?

A) Sussex, Welsh

B) Wessex, Essex

C) Northumbria, Mercia

D) Celt, Latin

E) Wessex, Latin

 

412. Which of the 7 kingdoms had won the war in 828?

A) Sussex

B) Kent

C) Mercia

D) Northambria

E) Wessex

 

413. Where was the Winchester replaced?

A) 400 km from London

B) 200 km from London

C) 300 km from London

D) 100 km from London

E) 500 km from London

 

414. Who became the king of England in 828?

A) Pope Gregory

B) Oswine

C) Ruthwell

D) Ecgberht

E) King Liar

 

415. The pope which had spread the Christianity in Britain:

A) king Oswine

B) Peter II

C) Alexander II

D) Gregory I

E) Ivan III

 

416. Where is the Runic Casket nowadays?

A) in Moscow

B) in a French Museum

C) in a British Museum

D) in USA

E) in a Scottish Museum

 

417. What was the Runic Casket made of?

A) Bone

B) Wood

C) Leather

D) Whalebone

E) Iron

 

418. In which century was the Christianity spread totally?

A) in the 6th century

B) in the 5th century

C) in the 7th century

D) in the 9th century

E) in the 11th century

 

419. The main languages in OE period?

A) French, Gothic

B) French, Roman

C) Gothic, German

D) Runic, Latin

E) Latin, French

 

420. Where is the village Ruthwell situated?

A) North America

B) East of England

C) West of Ireland

D) South-East Scotland

E) Australia

 

421. Whom Britain was conquered by for the first time?

A) France

B) Rome

C) Ireland

D) German tribes

E) Greek

 

422. How many kingdoms did the Germanic tribes consist of?

A) 2

B) 10

C) 4

D) 7

E) 5

 

423. When did the struggle between Germanic kingdoms come to an end?

A) in 500

B) in 597

C) in 800

D) in 828

E) in 974

 

424. Which city becomes the capital of England in 828?

A) Kiev

B) London

C) Ruthwell

D) Berlin

E) Winchester

 

425. Why did the Pope Gregory I send a mission to England?

A) to conquer

B) to develop trade

C) to spread Judaism

D) to influence to economy

E) to spread Christianity

 

426. When the Christianity was spread all over the England?

A) 5th century

B) 6th century

C) 8th century

D) 7th century

E) 9th century

 

427. What language was an international language of the church science in OE period?

A) Jutes

B) Runic

C) Celtic

D) Latin

E) English

 

428. How many languages were used in OE?

A) eleven

B) three

C) four

D) five

E) two

 

429. Where was the village of Ruthwell situated?

A) Ireland

B) South-East Scotland

C) North of Scotland

D) Wels

E) London

 

430. What kind of poem was the Ruthwell Cross?

A) moral

B) social

C) philosophical

D) religious

E) ethic

 

431. The Runic Casket is made of:

A) papyrus

B) stone

C) wood

D) glass

E) whalebone

 

432. Where was the Runic Casket found?

A) Rome

B) London

C) Vena

D) Germany

E) France

 

433. Three main dialects of an Old English period:

A) East Jutes, Mercian, Saxon

B) Latin, Anglos, Celtic

C) Northambria, Mercia, West-Saxon

D) Anglos, Saxons, Jutes

E) East Saxon, Northambria, Celtic

 

434. From what century is the writing existed?

A) 12th century

B) 8th century

C) 6th century

D) 10th century

E) 19th century

 

435. The dialect which was spoken by Angles settled between Humber and Thames:

A) Northumbrian dialect

B) Anglo-Saxon dialect

C) West- Saxon dialect

D) Mercian dialect

E) Saxon dialect

 

436. Who is the most famous writer of the Middle English period?

A) Clerk

B) Boccaccio

C) Dante

D) Geoffrey Chaucer

E) Knight

 

437. Geoffrey Chaucers poetry was divided into:

A) 4 groups

B) 2 groups

C) 5 groups

D) 3 groups

E) 9 groups

 

438. Where is the Runic Casket situated now?

A) in Northern Ireland

B) in Hermitage

C) in Germany

D) in London

E) in Wales

 

439. The first stage of Geoffrey Chaucers poetry:

A) 1372 1386

B) 1367 1370

C) 1359 - 1372

D) 1382 1381

E) 1387 1390

 

440. The capital of England in 828:

A) Sussex

B) Wessex

C) Winchester

D) Essex

E) Canada

 

441. A religious poem engraved on a tall stone

A) Tales

B) Runic Casket

C) Ruthwell Cross

D) Canterbury Tales

E) The called of the wild

 

442. Choose the amount of languages from which English writers borrowed 30000 words:

A) 40

B) 45

C) 60

D) 50

E) 70

 

443. From which language the words expensive, explain, destiny came from:

A) Russia

B) English

C) French

D) Latin

E) Kazakh

 

444. What does The salt of the earth mean?

A) outgoing person

B) dishonest

C) a very honest person

D) reliable person

E) stupid person

 

445. The word Caravan was taken from:

A) Italy

B) USA

C) Greece

D) Persia

E) French

 

446. Which book was read many times during the 16th century?

A) Abays way

B) Shakespeares book

C) Koran

D) Bible

E) Pushkins book

 

447. What does the following expression mean?

By the skin of your teeth

A) dishonest person

B) honest of the honest way

C) the person who is loved by smb

D) you only just manage to do smth

E) stupid person

 

448. So many words came to English from:

A) Turkey, Russia

B) Kazakhstan, Africa, Russia

C) America, Italy

D) France, Turkey

E) America, Africa, Asia

 

449. How many words were borrowed from 50 languages?

A) about 20000

B) about 40000

C) about 50000

D) about 30000

E) about 10000

 

450. The word coffee was taken from:

A) Turkish

B) Latin

C) American

D) Persian

E) Asian

 

451. The word banana was taken from:

A) Persia

B) Turkey

C) America

D) Asia

E) Africa

 

452. Choose the centuries when English writers took a lot of words from 50 languages:

A) 14th -15th

B) 17th 18th

C) 16th - 17th

D) 15th -16th

E) 18th -19th

 

453. The words chocolate and tomatoes were taken from:

A) USA

B) Turkey

C) America

D) Mexico

E) Italy

 

454. English people used y, e instead of:

A) y

B) e

C) u

D) a

E) o

 

455. What was the aim of English people in the poetry?

A) to change the meaning

B) to make it interesting

C) to make it easier

D) to make it hard

E) to make the language sound

 

456. Choose the time when King James Babel existed:

A) 1614

B) 1612

C) 1613

D) 1611

E) 1615

 

457. Choose the word which came from Latin into English in Modern English period:

A) pomp

B) labour

C) jungle

D) expensive

E) dish

 

458. Choose the word which came from Latin into English in Modern English period:

A) coffee

B) butter

C) tomato

D) explain

E) chocolate

 

459. Where did the word destiny come from?

A) Greece

B) Latin

C) America

D) Africa

E) Spain

 

460. Which words came from Mexico?

A) bread, clock

B) banana, apple

C) milk, coffee

D) tea, meat

E) tomato, chocolate

 

461. Choose the correct equivalent of the following expression:

The apple of somebodys eyes

A) eyes like an apple who

B) who is very angry

C) who loves a lot of apple

D) is loved by somebody

E) rich man

 

462. What was the aim of borrowing the words from other languages?

A) to note the name of a person

B) to develop English vocabulary

C) to describe new things and ideas

D) to write a poem

E) to learn the grammar

 

463. Where did the new words mainly come from?

A) Africa

B) Italy

C) America

D) Latin

E) Spain

 

464. Choose the book from which the expression the apple of somebodys eyes was borrowed:

A) Koran

B) Hamlet

C) Beowulf

D) Bible

E) tales

 

465. When was the history of English language started?

A) 4th century AD

B) 6th century AD

C) 5th century AD

D) 7th century AD

E) 8th century AD

 

466. Which tree tribes caused to the beginning of English language history?

A) American, Saxon, Celt

B) Celtic, Saxon, Angle

C) Jute, Saxon, Celtic

D) Saxon, Dutch, jute

E) Anglos, Saxon, Jutes

 

467. What language was spoken by English people first?

A) German

B) Norman

C) Scandinavian

D) Celtic

E) American

 

468. Choose the word which entered from Latin?

A) book

B) umbrella

C) pillow

D) strong

E) cat

 

469. What English period the words be, strong, water had been derived from?

A) Early Modern English

B) Proto English

C) Middle English

D) Modern English

E) Old English

 

470. Old English period survived until:

A) 470

B) 450

C) 440

D) 1100

E) 490

 

480. What caused English to become mixed to some degree?

A) children

B) flights

C) shopping

D) two invasions

E) gadgets

 

481. From which family the English language was originated?

A) Slave

B) Roman

C) Turkish

D) German

E) Asian

 

482. What Germanic group does English language belong to?

A) North

B) East

C) South

D) West

E) Middle

 

483. Are the English and German languages in the same group?

A) Sometimes

B) Maybe

C) Not

D) Yes

E) Its possible

 

484. Who concurred and colonized the part of Britain during the VIII IX centuries?

A) the speakers of the Icelandic branch

B) the speakers of the Scottish branch

C) the speakers of the American branch

D) the speakers of the Scandinavian branch

E) the speakers of the Norman branch

 

485. From which language the words cheese, cook, folk were borrowed to Briton?

A) Swedish

B) Indian

C) American

D) Latin

E) French

 

486. Choose the time of an Old English Period?

A) 210-320 AD

B) 300-900 AD

C) 600-700 AD

D) 450-1100 AD

E) 110- 200 AD

 

487. English is a.

A) Gothic

B) Armenian

C) North Germanic language

D) East Germanic language

E) West Germanic language

 

488. When was the first English dictionary published?

A) 1700

B) 1733

C) 1604

D) 1705

E) 1766

 

489. When was published the first significant English dictionary of Samuel Johnson?

A) 1801

B) 1801

C) 1755

D) 1880

E) 1890

 

490. How many countries speak on an English language?

A) 60

B) 45

C) 70

D) 80

E) 100

 

491. One of the dialects which eventually went to the dominance

A) Frisians

B) Romance

D) Late West Saxon

E) Britannia

F) Scotland

 

492. The main source of the culture of the Germanic people in the ancient time:

A) Jamaican Patois

B) Nigerian Pidgin

C) Tacitus Germania

D) Tok Pisin

E) Norman Conquest

 

493. The original Celtic languages remained in parts of

A) France, Britain

B) Northerland

C) Scotland, Wales, Cornwall

D) Scotland

E) United Kingdom

 

494. Proto English is the language of:

A) French people

B) Italians

C) Celtics

D) We speak in nowadays

E) Germanic tribes

 

495. What is the description of internal linguistic history?

A) Branch of language

B) English words

C) Division of language into linguistic levels

D) Structural grammar

E) Phonetics of language

 

496. Point to Latin words which entered the vocabulary of Germanic language:

A) chest, devil

B) anchor, butter

C) point, camp, cheese

D) dish, wine

E) chocolate, tomato

 

497. Representatives of the early 19th centurys philologists of the romantic trend?

A) A. Millet

B) Jack London

C) J. Vendryes

D) J.G. Herder, J. W. Grimm

E) O. Kant

 

498. Representatives of linguistic sociology?

A) Edgar Po

B) Agatha Christy

C) Jack London

D) Bernard Show

E) J. Vendryes, A. Miellet

 

499. In what century was the invasion of Scandinavian branch?

A) 16th -17th BC

B) 12th-13th BC

C) 14th -15th BC

D) 8th-9th AD

E) 19th BC

 

500. By what language was the English language originated?

A) Anglo-Scandinavian

B) Anglo-Saxon

C) Anglo-Jutes

D) Anglo-Norman

E) Anglo-Frisian

 







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