E) The Jewish and the Aramaic

, , , , , -


252. When did the Great Vowel Shift begin?

A) In 1200 AD

B) In 1400 AD

C) In 55 BC

D) In 43 BC

E) In 1150 AD


253. When did Geoffrey Chaucer start writing the Canterbury Tales?

A) 1389

B) 1400

C) 1388

D) 1480

E) 1390


254. When did William Caxton establish the first English printing press?

A) 1600

B) 1500

C) 1480

D) 1479

E) 1482


255. When was Shakespeares first folio published?

A) 1650

B) 1700

C) 1623

D) 1723

E) 1263


256. Which alphabets were used in Old English?

A) Greek

B) Runic and Latin

C) Latin and Greek

D) Runic and Greek

E) Chinese and Runic


257. What religious poem was written in Old English?

A) Boswells biography

B) Canterbury Tales

C) Beowulf

D) Ruthwell Cross

E) Shakespeare poem


258. When did the period of lost ending occur?

A) Proto English

B) Middle English

C) Modern English

D) Old English

E) Between Old and Middle English


259. When was Henry Sweet born?

A) 1600

B) 1912

C) 1400

D) 1845

E) 1850


260. What author did suggest division of the history of English according to the state of unstressed endings?

A) Samuel Johnson

B) William Shakespeare

C) Geoffrey Chaucer

D) William Caxton

E) Henry Sweet


261. Anglian dialect spoken from the Humber north to the river Forth is:

A) Northumbrian

B) Kentish

C) West Saxon

D) Mercian

E) Cockney


262. The period of leveled endings is:

A) Proto English

B) Middle English

C) Modern English

D) Old English

E) English Renaissance


263. Which process does mean a change of vowel caused by partial assimilation to the following vowel?

A) Contraction

B) Fracture

C) Palatalization

D) Mutation

E) Loss of consonants


264. What does Old English word sceacan mean?

A) Send

B) Short

C) Shine

D) Say

E) Shake


265. Which alphabet did replace Runic in Old English system?

A) German

B) Greek

C) English

D) Latin

E) French


266. Which Old English document was made of whale bone?

A) Ruthwell Cross

B) Runic Cusket

C) Canterbury Tales

D) Beowulf

E) Faerie Queene


267. A dialect spoken in the area known now as Kent and Surrey and in the Isle of Wight is:

A) Kentish

B) West Saxon

C) Mercian

D) Northumbrian

E) Cornwall


268. The main dialect of the Saxon group, spoken in the rest of England south of the Thames and the Bristol Channel, except Wales and Cornwall, where Celtic tongues were preserved is:

A) Northumbrian

B) Kentish

C) Mercian

D) West Saxon

E) East Saxon


269. A dialect derived from the speech of southern Angles and spoken chiefly in the kingdom of Mercia is:

A) Kentish

B) Humber

C) Northumbrian

D) Mercian

E) Anglian


270. A dialect spoken from the Humber north to the river Forth is:

A) Wight

B) Mercian

C) Kentish

D) Northumbrian

E) West Saxon


271. What does the process of mutation mean?

A) Diphthongization of short vowels before certain

B) A change of vowel caused by partial assimilation to the following vowel consonant clusters

C) Lengthening of vowel in Certain Conditions

D) Voicing and unvoicing of Fricatives

E) Phonetic change which consists in two sounds exchanging their places


272. A phonetic change which consists in two sounds exchanging their places is:

A) Palatalization

B) Stress

C) Metathesis

D) Mutation

E) Contraction


273. Diphthongization of short vowels before certain consonant clusters is:

A) Gradation

B) Palatalization

C) Old English Fracture

D) Umlaut

E) Contraction


274. Which dialect is represented by the works of king Alfred?

A) The Mercian

B) The Kentish

C) The Northumbrian

D) The West-Saxon

E) The East-Saxon


275. Which alphabet was used in poems of Ruthwell Cross?

A) Latin

B) Germanic

C) Greek

D) Runic

E) French


276. Which dialect is represented by translation of the Psalter and hymns?

A) The Northumbrian

B) The Kentish

C) The West-Saxon

D) The East-Saxon

E) The Mercian


277. Who was the author of Beowulf?

A) Unknown

B) William Shakespeare

C) King Alfred

D) Somerset Maugham

E) Adrian Mitchell


278. What is the base of division of the history of English according to Henry Sweet?

A) Grammatical structure of language

B) The changes in vocabulary

C) The phonetic changes

D) The state of unstressed endings

E) The types of word-building


279. Which alphabets were used in Old English?

A) The Germanic and the Latin

B) The Runic and the Latin

C) The Greek and The Norman

D) The Norman and the Anglo-Saxon

E) The Latin and the Greek


280. Which division of the English language did Henry Sweet propose?

A) Norman English, Anglo-Saxon English, Scandinavian English

B) Old English, Modern English

C) Proto-English, Old English, Middle English, Modern English

D) Early English, Late English, Modern English

E) Old English, Middle English, Modern English


281. When did Shakespeare die?

A) 1563

B) 1562

C) 1564

D) 1568

E) 1569


282. When did Chaucer start writing the Canterbury Tales?

A) 1387

B) 1389

C) 1390

D) 1391

E) 1388


283. What was the time of 1400?

A) The first book was published

B) Shakespeare dies

C) The first newspaper was published

D) The Great Value Shift

E) The first dictionary was published



284. Where was the first newspaper published?

A) Budapest

B) New York

C) Paris

D) London

E) Rome


285. Which two alphabets were used in Old English?

A) The Runic and Latin

B) The Latin and English

C) The Runic and Anglo-French

D) The Anglo-French and English

E) The English and Runic


286. By what year had the Old English been speaking?

A) 9th century

B) Around 1500 AD

C) Until around 1100 AD

D) 11th century

E) 8th century


287. How is the first period in the history of language named?

A) The period of leveled endings

B) The period lost endings

C) The period of conquest

D) The period of full endings

E) The period of the great innovation


288. Another name of Early Modern English is:

A) Canadian English

B) Elizabethan English

C) Charles English

D) Philippine English

E) Singaporean English


289. Author of the first dictionary, published in 1828 in America is:

A) James Bible

B) Noah Webster

C) Samuel Johnson

D) William Shakespeare

E) Johann Gutenberg


300. The spread of public libraries was in the

A) 16 century

B) 19 century

C) 17 century

D) 18 century

E) 20 century


301. The most spoken language in the world after Chinese language is:

A) Swedish

B) English

C) German

D) Dutch

E) Turkish


302. A big development in the world at the beginning of Modern English is:

A) the Civil War

B) Radio broadcasting

C) Development of software

D) the Renaissance

E) International diplomacy


303. The main difference between Early modern English and Late Modern English is:

A) pronunciation

B) grammar

C) vocabulary

D) spelling

E) writing


304. Which event did increase literacy in the Modern English period?

A) the Industrial Revolution

B) the Renaissance

C) public education

D) the British Colonialism

E) the Civil War


305. When was the first English dictionary published?

A) 1604

B) 1755

C) 1695

D) 1724

E) 1800


306. Even with all the borrowings from many other languages the heart of the English language is .

A) Anglo- Frisian of Middle English

B) New Zealand English of Late Modern English

C) Canadian of Modern English

D) American English

E) Anglo- Saxon of Old English


307. The common language for use in such diverse applications as controlling airplanes, developing software, conducting international diplomacy, and business relations is:

A) Chinese

B) French

C) English

D) German

E) Norwegian


308. Which language of Middle English was a language of a formal life in England?

A) English

B) French

C) German

D) Latin

E) Spanish


309. Find the word borrowed from French

A) Bag

B) Plate

C) Trouble

D) Floor

E) Sky


310. From what Old English dialect was Northern dialect developed?

A) West Saxon

B) Mercian

C) Kentish

D) Northumbrian

E) Celtic


311. Which group of Middle English dialects do indeed the Kentish and the South Western dialects?

A) Germanic

B) Midland

C) Northern

D) Southern

E) French


312. How is Mercian dialect called now?

A) Southern

B) Northern

C) Cockney

D) Midland

E) Scottish


313. Find the word borrowed from French

A) Rose

B) Goal

C) Earth

D) School

E) House


314. The alphabet of 19 century is basically the same in use in:

A) English Renaissance

B) Our days

C) Old English

D) Proto English

E) The days of Norman Conquest


315. Northumbrian dialect is now called:

A) Southern

B) Saxon

C) Northern

D) Mercian

E) Kentish


316. Mercian dialect is now called:

A) Midland

B) South Western

C) Southern

D) Kentish

E) Northern


317. West Saxon and Kentish dialects are now called:

A) Northern

B) Southern

C) Kentish

D) Midland

E) Mercian


318. How was the consonant x first spelt?

A) sh



D) Ө

E) d


319. When did the East Saxon dialect become more important?

A) Proto English

B) Middle English

C) Old English

D) Early Middle English

E) Modern English


320. When did the Midland area become more diversified linguistically?

A) Old English

B) Middle English

C) Modern English

D) Proto English

E) Early Modern English


320. When did the Midland area become more diversified linguistically?

A) Early Modern English

B) Old English

C) Modern English

D) Proto English

E) Middle English


321. When did the Northern dialect include several provincial dialects?

A)Old English

B) Middle English

C) Early Middle English

D) Proto English

E) Late Modern English


322. How many strong verbs were in OE?

A) 500

B) 400

C) 100

D) 300

E) 200


323. How many classes are the strong verbs in OE divided into?

A) 4

B) 8

C) 7

D) 5

E) 9


324. This dialect had developed from OE Northumbrian

A) Eastern

B) Southern

C) Midland

D) Northern

E) West


325. This group included the Kentish dialect

A) Eastern

B) Midland

C) Southern

D) West

E) Northern


326. Which dialect did prevail over others in Late MidE?

A) West

B) London

C) Northern

D) Eastern

E) Southern


327. The most famous writer from the Middle English period is:

A) Cecil Rhodes

B) A.W. Franks

C) Noah Webster

D) Geoffrey Chaucer

E) Samuel Johnson


328. The most famous work from the Middle English period is:

A) Artificial writing

B) Utopia

C) "Beowulf"

D) The Canterbury Tales

E) Novum Organum


329. The dialect of Middle English derived from the Mercian dialect of Old English is:

A) Southern

B) Midland

C) Kentish

D) Northern

E) Northumbrian


330. Development of the Northern dialect is

A) Lowland Scottish

B) Lowland Norman

C) Lowland British

D) Lowland Irish

E) Lowland Swedish


331. The dialect which was spoken over the whole southeastern part of England, including London and Essex is:

A) East-Midland

B) West-Midland

C) Kentish

D) Northern

E) Mercian


332. The direct descendant of the west Saxon dialect of Old English is

A) Western

B) Southern

C) Northern

D) Kentish

E) Eastern


333. How many French words were adopted into English during the Norman occupation?

A) 1000

B) 50,000

C) 10,000

D) 30,000

E) 8000


334. Well-known poet of the 14 century is

A) Michael Brown

B) William Caxton

C) John Gower

D) James Adams

E) O. Henry


335. Old English nouns have types of declension.

A) 1

B) 3

C) 4

D) 2

E) 5


336. From what Old English dialect did Northern dialects develope?

A) Midland

B) Southern

C) Northumbrian

D) Celtic

E) Kentish


337. Which dialects did the Southern group include?

A) The Yorkshire and the Lancashire

B) The Mercian dialects

C) The Kentish and the South-Western

D) The OE Saxon dialects

E) Southern and Kentish


338. How many morphological categories did the Old English nouns have?

A) Five

B) Three

C) Nine

D) Two

E) One


339. How many cases did the Old English nouns have?

A) Seven

B) Five

C) Four

D) Two

E) Six


340. From what language was the majority of innovations in Middle English spelling?

A) Italian

B) French

C) Greek

D) Spanish

E) Latin


341. In what century did English make their first attempts to conquer Ireland?

A) In 15th

B) In 12th

C) In 11th

D) In 14th

E) In 16th


342. What vowel is often represented by the letter O?

A) U

B) Y

C) A

D) E

E) I


343. How many types of nouns does the OE have?

A) 2

B) 3

C) 4

D) 1

E) 5


344. What categories does the OE have?

A) Homonymous

B) Morphological

C) Grammatical

D) Prefixes

E) Semantic correlations


345. How many genders did the nouns distinguish?

A) 2

B) 4

C) 5

D) 6

E) 3


346. How many members did the category of number consist of?

A) 3

B) 2

C) 4

D) 5

E) 6


347. How many cases did the noun have in OE?

A) 5

B) 3

C) 2

D) 4

E) 6


348. Find the definition for the Nominatives case

A) The case could convey an instrumental meaning.

B) The case of nouns, pronouns serving as attributes to other nouns.

C) The case of the active agent, for it was the case of the subject mainly used with verbs denoting activity.

D) The case indicating the means or manner of an action.

E) The case could indicate the passive subject.


349. What meanings do the Genitives have?

A) The case of the active agent

B) The easy meanings

C) The double meanings

D) The complex meanings

E) The case could convey an instrumental meaning.


350. What impact did Christianity have on English?

A) It changed spelling

B) It introduced English vocabulary

C) It changed the grammar

D) It influenced on pronunciation

E) It introduced new words


351. Why are there so few Celtic words in English?

A) The Celts invasion took a short time

B) The Celts and Saxons did not mix

C) The two languages were too similar

D) The Saxon invasion took a long time

E) The Celts and Saxons were mix


352. What did change in 16th and 17th centuries?

A) English Grammar

B) English pronunciation

C) English vocabulary

D) English words

E) English words were changed on new


353.What did happen in the end of the 11th century?

A) English disappeared for a long time

B) Danish grammar was different from Old English

C) New Danish endings appeared on some words

D) Old English referred to Anglo-Saxon

E) English was the language of culture


354. To what family of languages does English enter?

A) North Germanic

B) West Germanic

C) East Germanic

D) Celtic

E) Greek


355. Which dialect was spoken by Anglo-Saxons?

A) Dutch

B) Norman

C) Latin

D) Celtic

E) Old English


356. When did the Norman Conquest happen?

A) 1055

B) 1056

C) 1066

D) 1063

E) 1060


357. What language did give to English these words: camp, cheese, wall?

A) Norman

B) Latin

C) Germanic

D) Dutch

E) Danish


358. In what centuries did the Germanic tribes colonize England?

A) 16-17th

B) 17-18th

C) 18-19th

D) 19-20th

E) 15-16th


359. In what century did the Old Norman language influence English?

A) 13th

B) 10th

C) 12th

D) 11th

E) 9th


360. Find the period when endings of words were leveled

A) Proto English

B) Middle English

C) New English

D) Old English

E) Modern English


361. Find the period of full endings
A) Modern English

B) New English

C) Early Middle English

D) Old English

E) Late Middle English


362. Find the period of lost endings
A) Proto English

B) Modern English

C) Middle English

D) Old English

E) Early Middle English


363. Which alphabets were used in writings in Old English?

A) The Celtic and the Italic

B) The Icelandic and the Frisian

C) The Dutch and the Swedish

D) The Runic and the Latin

E) The Albanian and the Gothic


364. Which dialect was spoken by Angels living north of the Humber?

A) Mercian

B) Norman

C) Northumbrian

D) French

E) West-Saxon


365. Which dialect was spoken by Angels between the Humber and the Themes?

A) Mercian

B) Norman

C) Northumbrian

D) French

E) West-Saxon


366. What dialect was spoken by Saxons south of Themes?

A) French

B) Norman

C) Mercian

D) West-Saxons

E) Northumbrian


367. From what language were the words: army, troop, mail borrowed in Middle English?

A) Celtic

B) Norman

C) Germanic

D) French

E) Albanian


368. In what period were three opposed phonemes [e/i], [a] and [o/u] used?

A) Late Middle English

B) Old English

C) Early Middle English

D) Proto English

E) Modern English


369. In what period were two vowels in unaccented syllables [ә] and [i] used?

A) Late Middle English

B) Old English

C) Early Middle English

D) Proto English

E) Modern English


370. From what dialect did Northern dialect develop?
A) Northumbrian

B) Danish

C) Mercian

D) French

E) West-Saxon


371. To what group did the Kentish and the South-Western dialects refer?

A) The Southern

B) Danish

C) Mercian

D) French

E) Northumbrian


372. To what dialects did Midland (Central) dialect divide?
A) West Midland and East Midland

B) South Midland and East Midland

C) West Midland and North Midland

D) North Midland and South Midland

E) West Midland and South Midland


373. By whom was the French language brought to England?

A) The Norman conquerors

B) The French conquerors

C) The Danish conquerors

D) The Celtic immigrants

E) The Germanic conquerors


374. In what work did the first French loanwords record in the 14th century?

A) Chaucers vocabulary

B) Latin Writings

C) Runic subscript

D) Shakespeares poem

E) Johnsons dictionary


375. What was the name of Mercian dialect in Middle English?

A) Northumbrian

B) Midland

C) Northern

D) West-Mercian

E) London


376. What was the name of Northumbrian dialect in Middle English?

A) Mercian

B) Northern

C) West-Saxon

D) Midland

E) London


377. What grammatical (morphological) categories did the noun have in Old English?

A) Gender and number

B) Number and case

C) Gender, number and case

D) Case and gender

E) Quality and quantity


378. Which Middle English dialect did make the basis of the London dialect?

A) East-Saxon

B) Midland

C) Mercian

D) Northern

E) Northumbrian


379. How many cases were in Middle English?

A) 6

B) 4

C) 8

D) 2

E) 7


380. Which cases did exist in Middle English?

A) Nominative, Genitive

B) Common, Possessive

C) Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative

D) Nominative, Genitive, Dative

E) Common, Genitive, Dative, Possessive


381. What dialect was represented by Geoffrey Chaucers work?

A) East Midland

B) West Midland

C) Kent

D) London

E) Scotland


382. What group of dialects does include the Kentish and the South Western dialects?

A) Southern

B) Northern

C) West Saxon

D) Mercian

E) Western


383. The Northumbrian dialect is now called as:

A) Northern

B) Midland

C) West Saxon

D) East Saxon

E) Southern


384. Mercian dialect is called now as:

A) Midland

B) Northern

C) Scottish

D) Welsh

E) Southern


385. Yorkshire and the Lancashire dialects belong to

A) Kentish dialect

B) Midland dialect

C) Southern dialect

D) West Saxon dialect

E) Northern dialect


386. How many words were borrowed from about 50 languages during 16th and 17th centuries?

A) 4000 words

B) 2000 words

C) 5000 words

D) 3500 words

E) 3000 words


387. From where did new words mainly come?

A) From German

B) From Greek

C) From Latin

D) From Italian

E) From French


388. From where did the words: expensive, explain, destiny and fact come?

A) Latin

B) Italian

C) Africa

D) Turkey

E) Persia


389. The words chocolate and tomato came from

A) Brazil

B) Latin

C) Mexico

D) Turkey

E) Persia


390. When did The King Lames Bible appear?

A) 1612

B) 1161

C) 1216

D) 1116

E) 1611


391. The publication of the first Book of Common Prayer in English, under the supervision of Thomas Cranmer was in

A) 1409

B) 1543

C) 1500

D) 1900

E) 1649


392. The publication of Paradise Lost by John Milton was in

A) 1662

B) 1667

C) 1611

D) 1539

E) 1800


393. In what century was a time of political and social upheaval in England?

A) 18th century

B) 16th century

C) 17th century

D) 14th century

E) 15th century


394. How many types does the noun have?

A) 6

B) 3

C) 4

D) 5

E) 2


395. Quantitative vowel changes occurred in:

A) Early New English

B) Late New English

C) Early Middle English

D) Late Middle English

E) Old English


396. The reverse quantitative change means:

A) Shortening of vowels

B) Vocalization of consonants

C) Palatalization

D) Phonetic change

E) Lengthening of vowels


397. The oldest surviving correspondence in English, by sir John Hawkwood dates from the:

A) 1290s

B) 1490s

C) 1390s

D) 1389s

E) 1598s


398. Who did open the way for the introduction of Norman French as a language of polite discourse and literature?

A) Normans

B) Angles

C) Scottish

D) Celtic

E) Jutes


399. Normans invaded Britain and settled down there in:

A) 1166

B) 1066

C) 1266

D) 1060

E) 1065


400. From where did the words: expensive, explain, destiny come?

A) America

B) Mexico

C) Asia

D) Latin

E) English


401. What does the apple of somebodys eyes mean?

A) A very honest person

B) You only just manage to do something

C) A person who is loved very much by somebody

D) A honest way of living

E) A person who is sympathetic


402. Which of these creative works belong to Geoffrey Chaucer?

A) Brut

B) Canterbury Tales

C) The cold of the wild

D) Fairy tales

E) Ornulum


403. When did the Pope Gregory send a mission to Britain?

A) 596

B) 638

C) 731

D) 598

E) 500


404. What period did the king Oswine live?

A) 670- 900

B) 630-658

C) 642- 669

D) 642- 670

E) 700- 701


405. How many alphabets were there in Old English?

A) 7

B) 3

C) 5

D) 2

E) 1


406. Where did the Latin language become international language?

A) in France

B) in South-East Scotland

C) in Western Europe

D) in Northern Ireland

E) in kingdom


407. Where was J.Chaucer born?

A) Scotland

B) France

C) London

D) Ireland

E) Australia


408. When was J. Chaucer died?

A) 1500

B) 1211

C) 1400

D) 1312

E) 1000


409. Who was called as the founder of realism?

A) Oswine

B) Ormulum

C) Richard

D) Chaucer

E) Pope Gregory


410. How many kingdoms were there in Britain in the 6th century?

A) 11

B) 9

C) 5

D) 7

E) 1


411. Which kingdoms were taking upper hand in an Old English?

A) Sussex, Welsh

B) Wessex, Essex

C) Northumbria, Mercia

D) Celt, Latin

E) Wessex, Latin


412. Which of the 7 kingdoms had won the war in 828?

A) Sussex

B) Kent

C) Mercia

D) Northambria

E) Wessex


413. Where was the Winchester replaced?

A) 400 km from London

B) 200 km from London

C) 300 km from London

D) 100 km from London

E) 500 km from London


414. Who became the king of England in 828?

A) Pope Gregory

B) Oswine

C) Ruthwell

D) Ecgberht

E) King Liar


415. The pope which had spread the Christianity in Britain:

A) king Oswine

B) Peter II

C) Alexander II

D) Gregory I

E) Ivan III


416. Where is the Runic Casket nowadays?

A) in Moscow

B) in a French Museum

C) in a British Museum

D) in USA

E) in a Scottish Museum


417. What was the Runic Casket made of?

A) Bone

B) Wood

C) Leather

D) Whalebone

E) Iron


418. In which century was the Christianity spread totally?

A) in the 6th century

B) in the 5th century

C) in the 7th century

D) in the 9th century

E) in the 11th century


419. The main languages in OE period?

A) French, Gothic

B) French, Roman

C) Gothic, German

D) Runic, Latin

E) Latin, French


420. Where is the village Ruthwell situated?

A) North America

B) East of England

C) West of Ireland

D) South-East Scotland

E) Australia


421. Whom Britain was conquered by for the first time?

A) France

B) Rome

C) Ireland

D) German tribes

E) Greek


422. How many kingdoms did the Germanic tribes consist of?

A) 2

B) 10

C) 4

D) 7

E) 5


423. When did the struggle between Germanic kingdoms come to an end?

A) in 500

B) in 597

C) in 800

D) in 828

E) in 974


424. Which city becomes the capital of England in 828?

A) Kiev

B) London

C) Ruthwell

D) Berlin

E) Winchester


425. Why did the Pope Gregory I send a mission to England?

A) to conquer

B) to develop trade

C) to spread Judaism

D) to influence to economy

E) to spread Christianity


426. When the Christianity was spread all over the England?

A) 5th century

B) 6th century

C) 8th century

D) 7th century

E) 9th century


427. What language was an international language of the church science in OE period?

A) Jutes

B) Runic

C) Celtic

D) Latin

E) English


428. How many languages were used in OE?

A) eleven

B) three

C) four

D) five

E) two


429. Where was the village of Ruthwell situated?

A) Ireland

B) South-East Scotland

C) North of Scotland

D) Wels

E) London


430. What kind of poem was the Ruthwell Cross?

A) moral

B) social

C) philosophical

D) religious

E) ethic


431. The Runic Casket is made of:

A) papyrus

B) stone

C) wood

D) glass

E) whalebone


432. Where was the Runic Casket found?

A) Rome

B) London

C) Vena

D) Germany

E) France


433. Three main dialects of an Old English period:

A) East Jutes, Mercian, Saxon

B) Latin, Anglos, Celtic

C) Northambria, Mercia, West-Saxon

D) Anglos, Saxons, Jutes

E) East Saxon, Northambria, Celtic


434. From what century is the writing existed?

A) 12th century

B) 8th century

C) 6th century

D) 10th century

E) 19th century


435. The dialect which was spoken by Angles settled between Humber and Thames:

A) Northumbrian dialect

B) Anglo-Saxon dialect

C) West- Saxon dialect

D) Mercian dialect

E) Saxon dialect


436. Who is the most famous writer of the Middle English period?

A) Clerk

B) Boccaccio

C) Dante

D) Geoffrey Chaucer

E) Knight


437. Geoffrey Chaucers poetry was divided into:

A) 4 groups

B) 2 groups

C) 5 groups

D) 3 groups

E) 9 groups


438. Where is the Runic Casket situated now?

A) in Northern Ireland

B) in Hermitage

C) in Germany

D) in London

E) in Wales


439. The first stage of Geoffrey Chaucers poetry:

A) 1372 1386

B) 1367 1370

C) 1359 - 1372

D) 1382 1381

E) 1387 1390


440. The capital of England in 828:

A) Sussex

B) Wessex

C) Winchester

D) Essex

E) Canada


441. A religious poem engraved on a tall stone

A) Tales

B) Runic Casket

C) Ruthwell Cross

D) Canterbury Tales

E) The called of the wild


442. Choose the amount of languages from which English writers borrowed 30000 words:

A) 40

B) 45

C) 60

D) 50

E) 70


443. From which language the words expensive, explain, destiny came from:

A) Russia

B) English

C) French

D) Latin

E) Kazakh


444. What does The salt of the earth mean?

A) outgoing person

B) dishonest

C) a very honest person

D) reliable person

E) stupid person


445. The word Caravan was taken from:

A) Italy


C) Greece

D) Persia

E) French


446. Which book was read many times during the 16th century?

A) Abays way

B) Shakespeares book

C) Koran

D) Bible

E) Pushkins book


447. What does the following expression mean?

By the skin of your teeth

A) dishonest person

B) honest of the honest way

C) the person who is loved by smb

D) you only just manage to do smth

E) stupid person


448. So many words came to English from:

A) Turkey, Russia

B) Kazakhstan, Africa, Russia

C) America, Italy

D) France, Turkey

E) America, Africa, Asia


449. How many words were borrowed from 50 languages?

A) about 20000

B) about 40000

C) about 50000

D) about 30000

E) about 10000


450. The word coffee was taken from:

A) Turkish

B) Latin

C) American

D) Persian

E) Asian


451. The word banana was taken from:

A) Persia

B) Turkey

C) America

D) Asia

E) Africa


452. Choose the centuries when English writers took a lot of words from 50 languages:

A) 14th -15th

B) 17th 18th

C) 16th - 17th

D) 15th -16th

E) 18th -19th


453. The words chocolate and tomatoes were taken from:


B) Turkey

C) America

D) Mexico

E) Italy


454. English people used y, e instead of:

A) y

B) e

C) u

D) a

E) o


455. What was the aim of English people in the poetry?

A) to change the meaning

B) to make it interesting

C) to make it easier

D) to make it hard

E) to make the language sound


456. Choose the time when King James Babel existed:

A) 1614

B) 1612

C) 1613

D) 1611

E) 1615


457. Choose the word which came from Latin into English in Modern English period:

A) pomp

B) labour

C) jungle

D) expensive

E) dish


458. Choose the word which came from Latin into English in Modern English period:

A) coffee

B) butter

C) tomato

D) explain

E) chocolate


459. Where did the word destiny come from?

A) Greece

B) Latin

C) America

D) Africa

E) Spain


460. Which words came from Mexico?

A) bread, clock

B) banana, apple

C) milk, coffee

D) tea, meat

E) tomato, chocolate


461. Choose the correct equivalent of the following expression:

The apple of somebodys eyes

A) eyes like an apple who

B) who is very angry

C) who loves a lot of apple

D) is loved by somebody

E) rich man


462. What was the aim of borrowing the words from other languages?

A) to note the name of a person

B) to develop English vocabulary

C) to describe new things and ideas

D) to write a poem

E) to learn the grammar


463. Where did the new words mainly come from?

A) Africa

B) Italy

C) America

D) Latin

E) Spain


464. Choose the book from which the expression the apple of somebodys eyes was borrowed:

A) Koran

B) Hamlet

C) Beowulf

D) Bible

E) tales


465. When was the history of English language started?

A) 4th century AD

B) 6th century AD

C) 5th century AD

D) 7th century AD

E) 8th century AD


466. Which tree tribes caused to the beginning of English language history?

A) American, Saxon, Celt

B) Celtic, Saxon, Angle

C) Jute, Saxon, Celtic

D) Saxon, Dutch, jute

E) Anglos, Saxon, Jutes


467. What language was spoken by English people first?

A) German

B) Norman

C) Scandinavian

D) Celtic

E) American


468. Choose the word which entered from Latin?

A) book

B) umbrella

C) pillow

D) strong

E) cat


469. What English period the words be, strong, water had been derived from?

A) Early Modern English

B) Proto English

C) Middle English

D) Modern English

E) Old English


470. Old English period survived until:

A) 470

B) 450

C) 440

D) 1100

E) 490


480. What caused English to become mixed to some degree?

A) children

B) flights

C) shopping

D) two invasions

E) gadgets


481. From which family the English language was originated?

A) Slave

B) Roman

C) Turkish

D) German

E) Asian


482. What Germanic group does English language belong to?

A) North

B) East

C) South

D) West

E) Middle


483. Are the English and German languages in the same group?

A) Sometimes

B) Maybe

C) Not

D) Yes

E) Its possible


484. Who concurred and colonized the part of Britain during the VIII IX centuries?

A) the speakers of the Icelandic branch

B) the speakers of the Scottish branch

C) the speakers of the American branch

D) the speakers of the Scandinavian branch

E) the speakers of the Norman branch


485. From which language the words cheese, cook, folk were borrowed to Briton?

A) Swedish

B) Indian

C) American

D) Latin

E) French


486. Choose the time of an Old English Period?

A) 210-320 AD

B) 300-900 AD

C) 600-700 AD

D) 450-1100 AD

E) 110- 200 AD


487. English is a.

A) Gothic

B) Armenian

C) North Germanic language

D) East Germanic language

E) West Germanic language


488. When was the first English dictionary published?

A) 1700

B) 1733

C) 1604

D) 1705

E) 1766


489. When was published the first significant English dictionary of Samuel Johnson?

A) 1801

B) 1801

C) 1755

D) 1880

E) 1890


490. How many countries speak on an English language?

A) 60

B) 45

C) 70

D) 80

E) 100


491. One of the dialects which eventually went to the dominance

A) Frisians

B) Romance

D) Late West Saxon

E) Britannia

F) Scotland


492. The main source of the culture of the Germanic people in the ancient time:

A) Jamaican Patois

B) Nigerian Pidgin

C) Tacitus Germania

D) Tok Pisin

E) Norman Conquest


493. The original Celtic languages remained in parts of

A) France, Britain

B) Northerland

C) Scotland, Wales, Cornwall

D) Scotland

E) United Kingdom


494. Proto English is the language of:

A) French people

B) Italians

C) Celtics

D) We speak in nowadays

E) Germanic tribes


495. What is the description of internal linguistic history?

A) Branch of language

B) English words

C) Division of language into linguistic levels

D) Structural grammar

E) Phonetics of language


496. Point to Latin words which entered the vocabulary of Germanic language:

A) chest, devil

B) anchor, butter

C) point, camp, cheese

D) dish, wine

E) chocolate, tomato


497. Representatives of the early 19th centurys philologists of the romantic trend?

A) A. Millet

B) Jack London

C) J. Vendryes

D) J.G. Herder, J. W. Grimm

E) O. Kant


498. Representatives of linguistic sociology?

A) Edgar Po

B) Agatha Christy

C) Jack London

D) Bernard Show

E) J. Vendryes, A. Miellet


499. In what century was the invasion of Scandinavian branch?

A) 16th -17th BC

B) 12th-13th BC

C) 14th -15th BC

D) 8th-9th AD

E) 19th BC


500. By what language was the English language originated?

A) Anglo-Scandinavian

B) Anglo-Saxon

C) Anglo-Jutes

D) Anglo-Norman

E) Anglo-Frisian


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