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Раздел 8.1




 

8.1.1. Прочитайте предложения, определите тип условного предложения. Переведите данные предложения на русский язык.

 

1. If they come they will help us. 2. If he does not ring me up I will send him a message. 3. If you are busy I will call on you later. 4. If the weather was fine we should go for a walk. 5. If he did his best he would win this competition. 6. If he went to the exhibition he would see many interesting things. 7. If she asked him about it he would not tell her the truth. 8. If the buyers had signed the contract yesterday they would have gone home. 9. If they had come yesterday she would have returned the book. 10. If the weather had been cold last Sundy they would not have gone to the country.

 

8.1.2. Раскройте скобки, поставьте глаголы в нужную видо-временную форму в условном предложении первого типа. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

 

Образец:

He (to help) us if he (to come) He will help us if he comes.

 

1. You (to do) the work well if you (to follow) my advice. 2. He (to get) a degree if he (to work) much. 3. They (to be allowed) to go there if they (to do) the work. 4. If she (to come) we (to have) dinner. 5. If he (to take) control of the company it (to succeed). 6. If he (to enter) the university he (to study) marketing. 7. If she (to go) to the cinema she (to enjoy) the film. 8. They (to get) good proportions if they often (to go) to the gym. 9. He (to win) the competition if he (to do) his best. 10. When they (to arrive) we (to solve) this problem.

 

8.1.3. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в необходимую видо-временную форму для образования второго типа условного предложения. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

 

Образец:

He (to help) us if he (to come). He would help us if he came.

 

1. You (to do) the work well if you (to follow) my advice. 2. He (to get) a degree if he (to work) much. 3. They (to be allowed) to go there if they (to do) the work. 4. If she (to come) we (to have) dinner. 5. If he (to take) control of the company it (to succeed). 6. If he (to enter) the university he (to study) marketing. 7. If she (to go) to the cinema she (to enjoy) the film. 8. They (to get) good proportions if they often (to go) to the gym. 9. He (to win) the competition if he (to do) his best. 10. When they (to arrive) we (to solve) this problem.

 

8.1.4. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в необходимую видо-временную форму для образования третьего типа условного предложения. Добавьте необходимые обстоятельственные слова. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

 

Образец:

He (to help) us if he (to come). He would have helped us if he had come yesterday.

 

1. You (to do) the work well if you (to follow) my advice. 2. He (to get) a degree if he (to work) much. 3. They (to be allowed) to go there if they (to do) the work. 4. If she (to come) we (to have) dinner. 5. If he (to take) control of the company it (to succeed). 6. If he (to enter) the university he (to study) marketing. 7. If she (to go) to the cinema she (to enjoy) the film. 8. They (to get) good proportions if they often (to go) to the gym. 9. He (to win) the competition if he (to do) his best. 10. When they (to arrive) we (to solve) this problem.

 

8.1.5.Раскройте скобки, поставив глагол в правильную видо-временную форму.

 

Образец:

She (to do) it yesterday if she had come in time. She would have done it yesterday if she had come in time.

 

1. If he asks I (to tell) him all about it. 2. He wouldn’t do this mistake if he (to know) it. 3. He will get up early if the lecture (to begin) at nine. 4. Unless they (to arrive) yesterday we wouldn’t have done the work in time. 5. If they (to make) a very good film they would become famous. 6. The children would have seen this film yesterday if they (to be allowed). 7. The students will do it if they (to be asked). 8. As soon as we finish we (to leave). 9. If he had come last Sunday we (to be able) to discuss it. 10. If she had sent the message beforehand he (not to be) angry with her.

 

8.1.6. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной видо-временной форме:

 

Образец:

I wish I (to be) a writer. – I wish I were a writer. It’s time we (to go) to the railway station – It’s time we went to the railway station.

 

1. He wishes he (to be) a banker. 2. They wish they (to do) this work quickly. 3. Dan wishes he (to have) a car. 4. We wish we (to see) this film. 5. Jane wishes she (to speak) Italian better. 6. It’s time we (to visit) this exhibition.

7. It’s time we (to have) lunch. 8. It’s time they (to arrive). 9. It’s high time I (to know) this rule well. 10. It’s high time we (to come) back home.

 

8.1.7. Вставьте недостающие части речи.

 

 

Существительное Глагол Прилагательное Наречие
note note notable Notably
form      
  consider    
profit      
    intensive  

 

8.1.8.. Отработайте произношение слов, уточнив транскрипцию по словарю:

 

fortune n property n deal n promote v equally adv border n immediate a tough a enjoy v luxury n to raise v strict a push v keen a excellence n chores n (pl) squat n require v deliver v retire v beefy vocation train v soccer n realize v   sign up v attend v contest n win (won, won) v accept v invitation n amateur n success n prediction n obviously adv competitive a psychology n partnership n in turn purchase n consequent a succession n decent a earn v fan т propose v arrive v suit v thick a sleeper n affectionately adv resolutely adv assassin n weep v enemy n rival n undoubtedly adv chairman n supporter n aid n amazing rise v temporary a replacement n resist v pocket v resign v   cчастье, удача, богатство, состояние собственность сделка, соглашение продвигать, повышать по службе поровну, одинаково граница ближайший, немедленный, непосредственный жесткий, крепкий, грубый наслаждаться, пользоваться, обладать роскошь воспитывать, растить точный, строгий, требовательный толкать, подталкивать резкий, сильный, острый совершенство, мастерство, превосходство работа по дому, уборка упор присев требовать, нуждаться передавать, вручать, представлять удаляться, уходить, ложиться спать предназначение для мускулов воспитывать, обучать, готовить футбол осуществлять, выполнять, осознавать, представлять себе записаться (в армию), поступить на работу посещать соревнование, борьба, спор выигрывать, побеждать принимать, соглашаться, признавать приглашение любитель, непрофессионал успех, удача, процветание предсказание, прогноз, пророчество явно, очевидно, безусловно соперничающий, конкурирующий психология, психика товарищество, партнерство в свою очередь, по очереди покупка последующий последовательность, непрерывный ряд приличный, скромный, пристойный зарабатывать, заслуживать поклонник, почитатель, фанат предлагать, делать предложение прибывать, приезжать подходить, устраивать густой, насыщенный, сильный соня, что-то получившее широкое признание нежно, ласково твердо, решительно наемный убийца плакать, течь, капать враг конкурент, соперник несомненно председатель сторонник, глава семьи, кормилец помощь, содействие, поддержка удивительный, поразительный вставать, подниматься, возрождать временный замена, замещение сопротивляться, устоять класть в карман, присваивать вновь подписывать

 

8.1.9. Переведите данные словосочетания на русский язык.

 

The self-made man, property deals, American royalty, the fifth biggest economy, subject to intense discipline, a tough place to live, to enjoy luxuries, a strict father, perfect proportions, to accept an invitation, career unparalleled in its success, against all predictions, a master of competitive psychology, to make the first million on the side, lucrative real estate deals, a decent movie part, in many respects, active in that direction, impossibly thick accent, a big supporter of.

 

8.1.10. Прочитайте текст и назовите, кем является Арнольд Шварценеггер в настоящее время и как он поддерживает развитие спорта в США:

 

ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER BIOGRAPHY


In all of Hollywood history, there cannot be a better example of The Self-Made Man than Arnold Schwarzenegger. A millionaire many, many times over, he's made fortunes both through acting and property deals: he's married into the Kennedy clan, making him American royalty: and, of course, he's one of the very few stars whose films are promoted purely by the use of his surname. SCHWARZENEGGER. You've seen it many times. In fact, they could just use his Christian name. Arnold would work equally well. You couldn't say the same for Tom (Cruise, that is). Oh, and in 2003 he became Governor of California, taking control of the fifth biggest economy on the planet. How much higher could he possibly go?
As ever, it's all down to the early years. Born on July 30th, 1947, in the isolated Austrian village of Thal, down by the Italian border, he was subject to intense discipline from a very early age. In the immediate post-war period it was a tough place to live, and Arnold was 14 before his family enjoyed such luxuries as a fridge, and a phone. His father, Gustav, was a police chief in Graz, leaving Arnold and his older brother Meinhard to be raised by their mother Aurelia. You'd expect a policeman to be a strict father, but Gustav was doubly so. Being a champion, he was keen to push his boys to athletic excellence too. They would rise at 6, do their chores, then perform sit-ups and squats before their breakfast. They were allowed out on Sunday evenings but, legend has it, were required to deliver a 10-page essay on their activities before retiring to bed.

It worked. Meinhard rapidly became a champion boxer. Arnold too was quick to find a beefy vocation. Training for the local soccer team, he began to lift weights. Studying his body, now aged 15, he realised that to give it perfect proportions he'd need 20-inch biceps - he set to work immediately. At 18, there was National Service, and Arnold signed up, within a month in he went to attend the Mr Junior Europe bodybuilding contest in Stuttgart. He won, with a perfect score.
In 1966, he left the army to attend University in Munich, studying marketing. He also accepted an invitation to train at that city's famous Putzingger gym. In September, he came second in the amateur Mr Universe contest in London. Second being no place for a Schwarzenegger, he returned the next year to win it. He turned professional, everything was looking good. Then tragedy struck as first Meinhard was killed in a car crash, then Gustav died of a stroke. Neither, sadly, saw Arnold win the Pro Mr Universe title in 1968.
But Arnold kept going. Invited by bodybuilding champion Joe Weilder to train in the US, he moved to America and continued a career unparalleled in its success, becoming Mr. World as well as Mr. Universe. He took the latter title every year till 1975 when he retired (though he'd returned to win it again, against all predictions, in 1980). He was obviously highly intelligent, massively disciplined and a master of competitive psychology

Being the greatest bodybuilder in history was not enough, though. Arnold in 1970 played a demi-God in “Hercules In New York”. It wasn't a good film.
While his film career took a while to take off, Arnold continued winning those bodybuilding titles. He also made his first million on the side. Forming a partnership with fellow bodybuilder Franco Columbu, he financed a series of fitness books and cassettes. These in turn financed the purchase of an apartment block and a consequent succession of lucrative real estate deals. He was driving a Mercedes and living in a flash Los Angeles home before he ever won a decent movie part. And he still found time to earn a degree, by correspondence, from the University of Wisconsin, majoring in International Marketing.
In 1977, Arnold met his wife, Maria Shriver, cousin of John F. Kennedy's son, John. It was in many respects an odd coupling. Arnold, unsurprisingly a big fan of capitalism, was a Republican, while Shriver was from the world's most famous Democrat dynasty and, as a TV journalist, was politically active in that direction. Nevertheless, having met at a Pro-Celebrity tennis tournament, they dated for eight years and, after Arnold proposed while they were boating on a lake in Austria, they married in 1986. They have four children - Katherine Eunice, Christina Maria Aurelia, Patrick and Christopher Sargent.
At last in 1982 a role arrived that really suited Arnold's build, and his impossibly thick accent. Then he also got a more important role, as the time-travelling cyborg assassin in James Cameron's The Terminator. This would be a cult hit, a sleeper, but it would eventually make both Cameron and Schwarzenegger. But action was always Arnold's middle name, and his blockbuster years began with Terminator 2 (affectionately known as T2), in 1992. From here on in, Arnold was resolutely The Good Guy, beginning in T2 as a cyborg assassin turned protector, saving the world and even weeping little cyborg tears.
But his film career would then be put on hold as he finally made his entry into the world of politics. When an election in California was called in 2003, Arnie stepped in on the Republican ticket. On October 7th, Arnie crushed his enemies in the elections, with 1.5 million votes beating his closest rival by a clear 500,000. He'd made it, just like Ronald Reagan before him. And immediately talk began of an assault on the Oval Office. Of course, not being born American he couldn't be President (he became a US citizen in 1983), but that didn't seem to worry anyone.
Known as the Austrian Oak (his production company is called Oak Productions), Schwarzenegger is undoubtedly the Big Man of cinema. Taking $25 million per movie ($30 million for T3), he's high up the A-list. But, aside from being Governor of California, he's so much more than that. He's a restaurateur and was chairman of the President's Council on Physical Fitness, taking time out to visit all 50 states (at his own expense) to promote health for kids. He also, along with his wife, is a big supporter of the Special Olympics and the Inner City Games, a foundation in aid of sport for kids.
It's amazing that he keeps rising. In 1999 he was already so famous that he inadvertently brought down the Japanese Minister for Defence. Having lost his passport in Japan, Arnold had to fill out some forms for a temporary replacement. The minister couldn't resist pocketing them as a souvenir, but was caught and forced to resign.

 

8.1.11. Укажите, какие предложения соответствуют содержанию текста, подтвердите свои ответы фактами из текста:

 

1. Arnold Schwarzenegger was born on July 30th, 1947, in Australia.

2. His father maintained strict discipline at home.

3. The family couldn’t afford to have expensive things.

4. Arnold’s father was a teacher in Graz.

5. Gustav wanted his sons to be strong and athletic.

6. The boys always did morning exercises.

7. Arnold won the Mr Junior Europe bodybuilding contest when he was nineteen.

8. Arnold studied marketing at the University in Munich.

9. In 1967 he was the second in the amateur Mr. Universe contest in London.

10.He took the title of Mr. Universe every year till 1975.

11.In 1975 it was the last time he was Mr. Universe.

12.He made his first million when he started his film career.

13.He was a full-time student at the University of Wisconsin studying International Marketing.

14.Arnold got married in 1977 when he met Maria Shriver, cousin of John Kennedy’s doomed son, John.

15.He was elected Governor of California in 2003.

16. A.Shwarzenegger is a great supporter of sports for kids/

 

8.1.12. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

 

1. What is the best example of the Self Made Man?

2. How did Schwarzenegger make his fortunes?

3. Why can he be called American royalty?

4. What is enough to promote his films?

5. When did he become Governor of California?

6. Is California a small economy?

7. When and where was Arnold Schwarzenegger born?

8. How was he brought up?

9. Was his family rich?

10.What was his father?

11.Was he a strict father?

12.What did the boys usually do before breakfast?

13.When did Arnold join National Service?

14.When and where did he take part in Mr. Junior Europe bodybuilding contest?

15. What did he do when he left the army?

16.Did he come first in the amateur Mr. Universe contest in London in 1966?

18.How many times did he take the title of Mr. Universe?

19.How is he characterized in the article?

20.What was his first role in a film?

21.How did he make his first million?

22.What degree did he earn by correspondence?

23.What is his wife?

24What was the role that suited Arnold perfectly?

25.When did he make his entry into the world of politics?

26.How did he win the elections?

27.How is his production company called?

28.What other positions does he have?

 

8.1.13..Прочитайте текст. Найдите английские эквиваленты следующих слов и словосочетаний:

Получить степень заочного образования, приступить к работе немедленно, во многих отношениях, сделать состояние, в свою очередь, сокрушить врагов, быть воспитанным кем-либо, строгая дисциплина, знаменитая династия демократов, несомненно, сделки с собственностью, строгий отец, наслаждаться роскошью, выгодные сделки с недвижимостью, лучший пример, совершенные пропорции, ближайший конкурент, продвигать фильм, достойная роль в кино, психика устойчивая в условиях соревнования (конкуренции), энергично подталкивать к, подходить, найти предназначение своим мускулам, меценат, принимать участие в соревновании, осознавать, наперекор всем предсказаниям, поднимать тяжести, это удивительно, заставлять силой, победить с хорошим преимуществом, годы взлёта, выиграть звание (титул), тайком положить в карман в качестве сувенира.

 

8.1.14. Переведите на английский язык сдедующие предложения, используя данные слова и словосочетания:

 

1.Он сделал несколько состояний, но потерял их.

2.Семидесятые были его звездными годами.

3.Эта компания имеет дело с недвижимостью.

4.Он только что провел несколько выгодных сделок с недвижимостью.

5.Она несомненно выиграет это звание.

6.Их дети были воспитаны в строгой дисциплине.

7.Он сделал состояние на сделках с собственностью.

8.Чья это собственность?

9.Он знаменитый человек во многих отношениях.

10.Они поняли, что он победил с отличным счетом.

11.Их заставили профинансировать эти соревнования.

12.Братьев воспитали строгие родители.

13.Он решил приступить к работе немедленно.

14.Эти студенты учатся в университете заочно.

15.Это удивительно, что он не осознает этого.

16.Он силой заставил её не делать этого.

 

8.1.15. Прочитайте текст и найдите предложения, содержащие Participle I и Participle II.

 

8.1.16. Cократите текст, опустив несущественные детали.

 

8.1.17.Составьте план и передайте содержание текста по ключевым словам:

 

Self-made man, make fortune, acting, property deals, royalty, governor, discipline, strict, perfect proportions, bodybuilding contest, move, film career, finance, real estate deals, election, governor, supporter.

 

8.1.18. Расскажите о каком-либо актёре, являющемся и общественным деятелем в нашей стране.

 







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