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Lesson 8


1. In this exercise we’ll concentrate on the words and word combinations to be sure you know what they mean.
comprise consist of; be made up of
best-trained of the most excellent or desirable type or quality
headquarters the premises occupied by a military commander and the commander's staff
detachment a group of troops, aircraft, or ships sent away on a separate mission
attraction the action or power of evoking interest in or liking for someone or something
service the work done by people or equipment in the army, navy, or air force, for example during a war
restriction an official rule that limits what you can do or that limits the amount or size of something
legion a large group of soldiers who form one section of an army
allow let (someone) have or do something
permit officially allow (someone) to do something
prohibit formally forbid (something) by law, rule, or other authority
barrack a building or group of buildings where soldiers or other members of the armed forces live and work; `Barracks' is the singular and plural form
reveille the time when soldiers have to get up in the morning
retreat a military musical ceremony carried out at sunset, originating in the playing of drums and bugles to tell soldiers to return to camp for the night
2. Read the text and translate it into Ukrainian.


Before World War 2, the French Foreign Legion comprised about 45,000 men and accepted just about anyone who walked through its gates, including criminals. Today’s Legion, comprising 8,000 Legionnaires from more than 100 different countries, is one of the best-trained fighting forces in the world. The Legion selects the very best of the thousands of men who apply to join every year. Many of these recruits have previous military experience and criminals are prohibited from joining. Until the 1960s, all new recruits were sent to Algeria for training but in 1962 the Legion returned to France and established its headquarters in Aubagne, near Marseilles. Today, recruits do their basic training in France and most Legionnaires serve in France although some regiments, like the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment (2 REP) based in Corsica, are frequently away on detachment in South America or Africa or serving in UN peace operations.

There are many reasons why recruits join the Legion. Some join for excitement and adventure. For others, the attraction is that they can change their names when they join or get French nationality after three years’ service. Whatever their reasons for joining, recruits soon learn that life in the Legion is hard and there are many restrictions that do not exist in other armies. When the recruit walks through the Legion gates, he is not allowed any contact with the outside world, by phone or by mail, for at least three months. Recruits are permitted to leave during basic training but after that they have to serve a five-year contract.


3.ó ® Read the text and answer true or false.


1. The Legion today is smaller than in the past.

2. Many criminals join the French Foreign Legion.

3. Recruits do basic training in France.

4. Recruits can change their names when they join the Legion.

5. Recruits get French nationality as soon as they join.

4.s Answer the questions.

1. Where did recruits do basic training before 1962?

2. Where is the headquarters of the Foreign Legion?

3. What reasons are given for joining the Foreign Legion?

4. How many years does a recruit have to serve in the Legion?


5. Rewrite the sentences using allowed, prohibited or permitted. Study the examples.


Criminals are prohibited from joining. be + prohibited + from + ing form
Recruits are permitted to leave during basic training. be + (not) allowed/permitted + to + infinitive
The recruit is not allowed any contact with the outside world for at least three months. be + (not) allowed/permitted + noun


1. Legionnaires cannot live off camp or get married until they reach the rank of sergeant.

2. Legionnaires cannot have a bank account or borrow money.

3. If they have a pass, legionnaires can leave the camp until 5.00 a.m. the next morning.

4. For their first three years of service, legionnaires cannot go back to their home country.


6. Write three important rules for soldiers in Ukrainian armed forces.
7. Match the words with the definitions.
changing of the guard The section on guard duty replaces the old section.
lights out The national flag is raised and the official duty day starts.
retreat The national flag is lowered and the duty day ends.
reveille A group of soldiers given a job in barracks. Usually cleaning or maintenance.
work detail The men have to be in their barracks and lights turned off.


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