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Make a sentence with each word and word combination. 2. Read the text Moscow Pedagogical State University




2. Read the text Moscow Pedagogical State University. Use dictionary if necessary.

Our university was founded as the first educational establishment in the country providing higher education for women and during its bright history became the leader in pedagogical education and one of the best universities of Russia. Thus, the university occupies a very special position within the national science, culture and education. Since foundation in 1872 Moscow Pedagogical State University has trained more than 250,000 teachers and more than 20,000 PhDs and Doctors of Sciences both for Russia and abroad.

Contemporary pedagogical education offers a wide range of knowledge in various fields of science and practice and Moscow Pedagogical State University diplomas are well received by prospective employers. Its worth mentioning that there are many famous scientists, educators, politicians and businessmen, representatives of art and culture among our graduates.

During studies at our university students gain profound theoretical and research knowledge as well as significant professional skills. Moscow Pedagogical State University educators are great supporters of individual student creativity and newest educational techniques. There are recognized authors of original textbooks and educational programs among our faculty members known far outside Russia. Its important to mention that while the visit to Moscow Pedagogical State University on September 1st 2001 President Vladimir Putin stated: Pedagogues profession, no doubt, is the right choice within ones course of life.

November 1, 1872 is the date when in the former building of the first College for Men in Prechistenka st., under the initiative of top tier professors, headed by V.I. Gerye, the Moscow Courses for Women (MCW) were organized. It was the first Higher Education Establishment for women at those times. Starting from 1874 women started for 3 years such disciplines as Russian and Foreign literature and history, physics, mathematics, ancient and modern languages. In 1900, there existed two departments: historic-philosophical and physic-mathematical. In 1906, the third, medical department was founded.

In 1912 the post graduates of MCW were allowed to carry on research work that was crucial for Russian science and emphasized the role of women in it. 4 years later the diploma of MCW was equal to the one of the Moscow State University. Eminent scientists worked in MCW: N.D. Zelinsky (the inventor of the gas mask), P.A. Minakov (one of the founders of forensic medicine expertise), M.N. Shaternikov (the founder of the physiology of nourishment), A.K. Kots (the founder of Darwin Museum of Natural History) and many others.

In 1918, MCW got the title of the second Moscow State University. During the period of severe Russian revolution some fundamental points of pedagogical science were investigated. In 1921, the pedagogical department was founded. Among its outstanding professors were P.P. Bolonsky, L. S. Vigodsky, S.T. Shatsky, O.U. Shmidt.

At that time the second MSU started preparing teachers for village schools and work practice was introduced as well as the guidance of schools and kindergartens. In 1930, the second MSU became the first pedagogical institute in the Soviet Union. In 1934 Moscow State Pedagogical Institute (MSPI) comprised a few departments: 1) language and literature; 2) history; 3) physics and mathematics; 4) natural studies; 5) geography; 6) pedagogical; 7) defectology.

At that period on the basis of MSPI the union of Pedagogical Universities of Moscow and Moscow region was established. Its aim was to introduce new pedagogical methods into the teaching process. Before the Great Patriotic war, the university was named after V.I. Lenin. MPI came through all the difficulties and hardships of the War. Students, members of the faculty stuff, professors were at battlefields, in factories and hospitals. At the end of 1950 when it became compulsory to fulfill a course of 7 years school study (later 8 years). MSPI became the leader in preparation of young teachers. In 1960, the Moscow Potemkin Pedagogical University became part of MSPI. The scientists of MSPI contributed a lot to Russian science. Inhibitors of atmospheric corrosion were discovered and applied in industry in the laboratory of S.A. Balezin, under the guidance of E.V. Shpolskiy a new physical effect that was entitled after him, was founded. The winner of the Lenin prize, the investigator of algorithms, P.S. Novikov, the founder of the soil zoology, M.S. Gilyanov used to be the professors of MSPI. In 1990 MSPI was transformed into MPSU. Nowadays Educational programs are realized throughout 18 faculties: Biology and Chemistry, Geography, Defectology/ Special Training, Preschool pedagogics and psychology, Foreign Languages, History, Mathematics, Music, Primary education, Pedagogics and Psychology, Slavonic and West-European Philology, Sociology, Economics and Law, Technology and Entrepreneurship, Physics, Physical Education, Philology, Chemistry, Artistic and Graphic.

At the university a post-graduate (PhD) course is realized in 17 directions.Defectology/ Special Training literally the study of defect is a science unique to the region, based on the idea that special education is the best way to the offset limitations associated with disability. It was developed in the USSR in the 1920s by L. S. Vygotsky and still derives much of the thinking and action related to children with disabilities in the region. The theory says that intellectual capacity has endless potential and, if helped by proper educative methods, personal contacts and stimulation, it can correct or circumvent impairments in lesser motility functions. In practice special education has been carried out in residential schools and institutions, segregating children from society, community and family. Many have been deemed inadequate. The benefits of special education for children with disabilities are still a matter for debate in international circles. Revising Vygotsky`s work with a fresh eye could help turn defectology in a new direction.

The faculty of Defectology/ Special Training provides training of the following specialists: Special preschool pedagogics and psychology with supplementary specialty Speech therapy; Speech therapy with supplementary specialty Special psychology; Special psychology with supplementary specialty

Oligophrenopedagogics; Oligophrenopedagogics with supplementary specialty Speech therapy; Deaf-and-dumb pedagogy with supplementary specialty Special psychology; Deaf-and-dumb pedagogy with supplementary specialty Special psychology (for hearing impairment people); Special preschool pedagogics and psychology.

September 1, 2001 Vladimir Putin, President of Russia, visited Moscow Pedagogical State University. He positively evaluated the work of the University and pointed out its crucial position in the system of higher education of Russia.

Preserving traditions Moscow Pedagogical State University has entered the new, XXI century, having perspective and promising plans for the future and they are inclined to improve the system of Pedagogical education in Russia and contribute to the development of pedagogical sciences on the international level.

 

III. 1. Answer the questions:

1) When was Moscow Pedagogical State University founded?

2) Who was the founder of the University?

3) What position does it occupy nowadays?

4) How many faculties are there in the University?

5) When was Defectology /Special training faculty founded?

6) How many specialties does it train?

2. Say whether the following statements are true or false:

1) Our university was founded as the first educational establishment in the country providing higher education for women and during its bright history became the leader in pedagogical education and one of the best universities of Russia.

2) Contemporary pedagogical education offers a wide range of knowledge in various fields of science and practice and Moscow Pedagogical State University diplomas are well received by prospective employers.

3) During studies at our university students gain profound theoretical and research knowledge as well as significant professional skills.

4) Moscow Pedagogical State University educators are great supporters of individual student creativity and newest educational techniques.

5) November 1, 1872 is the date when under the initiative of top tier professors, headed by V.I. Gerye, the Moscow Courses for Women (MCW) were organized.

6) It was the second Higher Education Establishment for women at those times. Starting from 1874 women started for 5 years discipline courses.

7) In 1990 Moscow Pedagogical State University was transformed into MSPI.

8) Educational programs are realized throughout 18 faculties.

9) Defectology/ Special Training is a science unique to Russia, based on the idea that special education is the best way to the offset limitations associated with disability.

10) The faculty of Defectology/ Special Training provides training in 4 specialties.

 

3. Give synonyms from the text to the following words:

- important;

- higher educational establishment;

- attendants at the University;

- to start a new business;

- curriculum;

- to suggest;

- the departments of the University;

- to see in the new light;

- to organize;

- to reorganize.

 

4. Which word in the list is odd?

1) important; significant; eminent; compulsory; crucial;

2) pedagogical education, Contemporary pedagogical education, Higher Education Establishment, The faculty of Defectology/ Special Training;

3) Biology and Chemistry, Geography, Defectology/ Special Training, Preschool pedagogic and psychology, Foreign Languages, History, Mathematics, Music, Primary education, Pedagogic and Psychology, Slavonic and West-European Philology, Sociology, Economics and Law, Technology and Entrepreneurship, Physics, Physical Education, Philology, Chemistry, Artistic and Graphic, natural studies.

4) L. S. Vygotsky, Georgiy Zcshukov, V.I. Gerye.

5) Higher Education Establishment for women, Moscow Courses for Women, College for Men, individual student creativity and newest educational techniques, universities.

 

5. Make up the plan of the text. Here are the topics\ paragraphs in the wrong order. Make it correct:

- In 1990 MSPI was transformed into Moscow Pedagogical State University.

- Defectology/ Special Training

- The faculty of Defectology/ Special Training;

- Our university was founded as the first educational establishment for women;

- Preserving traditions MPSU has entered the new, XXI century;

- Higher Education Establishment for women;

- Moscow Courses for Women;

- V.I. Gerye;

- L. S. Vygotsky;

- the visit of the President;

- individual student creativity and newest educational techniques;

- Contemporary pedagogical education;

- programmes;

- training.

 

6. Continue the sentences:

1) Our university was founded as

2) During studies at our university students gain

3) The scientists of MSPI contributed to

4) In 1990 MSPI

5) The faculty of Defectology/ Special Training

 

7. Fill in the blanks with the words from the text:

Our university was as the first educational in the country providing higher education for women and during its history became the leader in education and one of the best universities of Russia. During studies at our university students gain theoretical and research knowledge as well as professional skills.

Nov.1, 1872 is the date when the Moscow Courses for Women (MCW) were . It was the first Higher for women at those times. In 1990 MSPI was into MPSU. Nowadays Educational are realized throughout 18 faculties.

Defectology/ Special Training is a unique to the region, based on the idea that special is the best way to the associated with disability. It was developed in the USSR in the 1920s by L. S. Vygotsky and still much of the thinking and action related to children with in the region. Revising Vygotsky`s work with a could help turn in a new direction. The faculty of provides training of specialties.

 







: 2014-11-12; : 527.


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