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INTRODUCTION TO LAW
The English word "law" (Scandinavian borrowing) refers to limits upon various forms of behaviour. Some laws are descriptive - they simply describe how people usually behave. Other laws are prescriptive - they prescribe how people ought to behave. In all societies relations between people are regulated by prescriptive laws. Some of them are customs, that is informal rules of social and moral behaviour. Some are rules we accept if we belong to particular social institutions, such as religious, educational and cultural groups. And some are precise laws made by nations and enforced against all citizens within their power.
Customs need not be made by governments, and need not be written down. We learn how we should behave in a society through the instruction of family and teachers, the advice of friends, and our experiences. The rules of social institutions tend to be more formal than customers. Governments often consider anti- socialbehavior not simply as a matter between two individuals but as a danger to well being and order of society as a whole. The laws made by the government of one country are often very different from laws of another country. Law today is to a large extent, a complex of different and relatively independent national systems.
Members of every community have made laws for themselves in self- protection If it were not for the law, you couldn't go out in daylight without the fear of being kidnapped robbed or murdered. There are far more good people in the world, but there are enough of the bad to make law necessary in the interest of everyone.
4. Задайте вопросы к следующему предложению: In all societies, relations between people are regulated by prescriptive laws.
1 .Перепишите и переведите предложения на русский язык подчеркните причастия 1 и 2.
Выполните по образцу:
They have got a lot of work today. got - Причастие 2. У них сегодня много работы.
1. Amendments made to a bill by the Ноше of Lords were considered by the House of Commons.
2. He has never been to Japan.
3. The secretary is still typing letters.
2. Перепишите предложения, в каждом подчеркните сказуемое, определите его
Выполните по образцу:
English is spoken in many countries. На английском языке говорят во многих странах
Is spoken -Present Simple, Passive Voice инфинитив - to be spoken
1. To become a law a bill must be approved by both Chambers and signed by the President.
1. Political and business matters will be discussed at the conference.
2. The crime was committed three days ago.
3. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст