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THE ENGLISH NATIONAL OPERA a well-known opera company founded in 1931. It is based at the Coliseum Theatre in London but also goes on tour to different regions of England.

COVENT GARDEN another name for the ROYAL OPERA HOUSE, which is next to the place where Covent Garden Market used to be.

THE ENGLISH CHAMBER ORCHESTRA a chamber orchestra based in London.

THE LONDON PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA a leading British symphony orchestra, founded in 1932.

THE LONDON SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA a leading symphony orchestra founded in 1904. It is based at the Barbican.

THE PHILHARMONIA ORCHESTRA an important London orchestra begun in 1945.

THE PURCELL ROOM a recital hall on the South Bank site, used mainly for performances of chamber music. It is in the same complex as the Queen Elizabeth Hall, the Royal Festival Hall and Hayward Gallery. Named after English classical composer Henry Purcell (1659 - 95)

THE QUEEN ELIZABETH HALL a concert hall in London on the South Bank site, used chiefly for performances of classical music. It is the same complex (built in 1967) as the smaller Purcell Room and the nearby Hyward Gallery and Royal Festival Hall.

THE ROYAL FESTIVAL HALL also THE ALBERT HALL a large hall in London, with seating for 8,000where the annual Promenade Concerts are held, as well as a number of other concerts, parades, meetings and ceremonial and sporting events. Built in 1867 -71 and named in honour of Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria.

PROMENADE CONCERT a concert at which parts of the hall have no seats and are held by listeners who stand. A number of these classical music concerts are held over a period of several weeks every summer in the Royal Albert Hall and are called the Proms. Established by Henry Wood in 1895 and conducted for many years by Sir Malcolm Sargent, they have become a well-known national event. In particular, the last night of the Proms is a special occasion. The concerts are particularly popular with younger music lovers, many of whom stand (as promenaders) in the arena in front of the orchestra and fill the Hall on the Last Night of the Proms. The programmes are always of classical music but have become more adventurous and original in recent years. The concerts are called “Promenade” since originally members of the audience “promenaded” or walked about during the concert, whereas they now stand.

THE LAST NIGHT OF THE PROMS the final performance of the annual Promenade Concerts, when the audience is traditionally very lovely (waving flags and banners, joining in the chorus of the songs) and when favourite musical compositions are usually performed, among them a version of the hornpipe and the accompanied song “Land of Hope and Glory”. At the end of the performance, the conductor usually makes a speech to the audience.

THE ROYAL PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA a leading London symphony orchestra, founded as the orchestra of the Royal Pholharmonic Society (itself founded in 1813) and from 1946 called its present name.

THT WIGMORE HALL a concert hall in London opened in 1901 and used mainly for concerts of chamber music

But now we must go west, for we will find the best choral music in Wales. The Welsh have always been famous for their singing. Even before the Romans came, 2,000 years ago, their "bards" were known to the ancient world. They still meet every year at the "Eisteddfod", a Welsh competition. Now their "male voice choirs" are very popular, with their special rich, strong sound.

London, like all the great cities of Britain, has a long tradition of classical music. Every night English and international musicians perform in the concert halls and opera houses London is one of the great classical music centres of the world.

Our musical tour is over, and it's time to catch our plane home. But in the London underground, on the way to the airport, you may well pass some young "buskers", singing or playing a guitar or a flute. They look modern enough, but don't be mistaken. People like them have been playing in the streets of Britain ever since history began.

I. Read the text. From the text choose proper equivalents to the following:музыкальные гастроли; местные музыкальные традиции все еще живы и сегодня; волынка; духовые оркестры; хоры, распевающие старинные гимны; бард; уличный музыкант; мужские хоры. II. Comment on the meaning of the following words:a troupe; a band; a choir.

III. Explain the following:the "Eisteddfod" music festival; Morris men.

IV. Answer the questions:

1. What are the local traditions of music in Scotland?

2. "The land of the brass band". Where is it?

3. What are the characteristic features of folk music in central and southern England?

4. Where is the annual competition of bards held?

5. London is considered to be one of the great music centres of the world. What arguments I would you give to prove this fact?

6. Have you ever seen buskers? Where can you come across with them in London?

V. Work with the person sitting next to you.

Imagine, you come from different parts of Great Britain. Speak about the folk music traditions I of the place where you live.

VI. Study the pictures. Describe the traditions of music the pictures represent.

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