:




Ņ...
......
R11, CCl3F, Trichlorofluoromethane....
R113, CCl2FCClF2, Trichlorotrifluoroethane...
R114, CClF2CClF2, Dichlorotetrafluoroethane
R1150, CH2=CH2, Ethene (ethylene) ..
R12, CCl2F2, Dichlorodifluoromethane
R123, CHCl2CF3, Dichlorotrifluoroethane...
R1270, CH3CH=CH2, Propene (propylene)
R13, CClF3, Chlorotrifluoromethane....
R134a, CH2FCF3, 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane.
R14, CF4, Tetrafluoromethane..............
R152a, CH3CHF2, 1,1-difluoroethane..
R170, CH3CH3, Ethane........................
R21, CHCl2F, Dichlorofluoromethane..
R22, CHClF2, Chlorodifluoromethane..
R23, CHF3, Trifluoromethane..............
R290, CH3CH2CH3, Propane..............
R401A, R22/152a/124 (53/13/34), R401A
R401B, R22/152a/124 (61/11/28), R401B
R401C, R22/152a/124 (33/15/52), R401C
R402A, R125/290/22 (60/2/38), R402A
R402B, R125/290/22 (38/2/60), R402B
R404A, R125/143a/134a (44/52/4), R404A..
R406A, R22/142b/600a (55/41/4), R406A
R407A, R32/125/134a (20/40/40), R407A
R407B, R32/125/134a (10/70/20), R407B
R407C, R32/125/134a (23/25/52), R407C
R408A, R22/143a/125 (47/46/7), R408A..
R409A, R22/124/142b (60/25/15), R409A
R410A, R32/125 (50/50), R410A..
R410B, R32/125 (45/55), R410B..........
R50, CH4, Methane...............................
R500, R12/152a (73.8/26.2), R500........
R502, R22/115 (48.8/51.2), R502..........
R507, R125/143a (50/50), R507............
R508A, R23/116 (39/61), R508A..........
R600, CH3CH2CH2CH3, Butane.........
R600a, CH(CH3)3, 2-methyl propane (isobutane) ...
R717, NH3, Ammonia...........................
R718, H2O, Water.................................
R728, N2, Nitrogen................................
R729, N2/O2/A (76/23/1), Air...............
R732, O2, Oxygen.................................
R740, A, Argon......................................
R744, CO2, Carbon dioxide...................
RC318, C4F8, Octafluorocyclobutane...

 

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i lgP* ( - ) .

, , , , . : ( ); ( : 1 =103 , 1 =106 =10 ), v ( 3/) ρ=1/v, /3.

, . i lgP ( ) i, /. I, .

i u, /, P, , v, 3/.

i=u+Pv

 

Pv P, .

S. s, /().

, , , - , Δs=Δq/Tm, , Δq , , Tm , [2].

, :

( , ), x=0;

x=0 x=1 ;

x=1.

, (x=0) , , , , (x=1), , , .

, ( ).

() , .

 

--------------------------

 

* [3].

 

(1→2→3→4)

           
 
LgP,  
   
 
 
   


0 i, /

q0 ≥ i1' i4 , /

q ≤ i2 i3 , /

l = l2 l1 , /

. 1

R11, CCl3F, Trichlorofluoromethane[4]

T critical = 198.01 C, p critical = 44.02600 Bar, v critical = 0.00182 m3/kg

R113, CCl2FCClF2, Trichlorotrifluoroethane

T critical = 214.10 C, p critical = 34.37000 Bar, v critical = 0.00174 m3/kg

R114, CClF2CClF2, Dichlorotetrafluoroethane

Tcritical = 145.70 C, p critical = 32.59000 Bar, v critical = 0.00172 m3/kg

R1150, CH2=CH2, Ethene (ethylene)

T critical = 9.50 C, p critical = 50.75000 Bar, v critical = 0.00462 m3/kg

R12, CCl2F2, Dichlorodifluoromethane

T critical = 112.00 C, p critical = 41.57600 Bar, v critical = 0.00179 m3/kg

R123, CHCl2CF3, Dichlorotrifluoroethane

T critical = 183.68 C, p critical = 36.68000 Bar, v critical = 0.00182 m3/kg

R1270, CH3CH=CH2, Propene (propylene)

T critical = 91.75 C, p critical = 46.13000 Bar, v critical = 0.00441 m3/kg

R13, CClF3, Chlorotrifluoromethane

T critical = 28.80 C, p critical = 38.65000 Bar, v critical = 0.00173 m3/kg

R134a, CH2FCF3, 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane

T critical = 101.10 C, p critical = 40.67000 Bar, v critical = 0.00195 m3/kg

R14, CF4, Tetrafluoromethane

T critical = -45.70 C, p critical = 37.41000 Bar, v critical = 0.00160 m3/kg

R152a, CH3CHF2, 1,1-difluoroethane

T critical = 113.50 C, p critical = 44.95000 Bar, v critical = 0.00274 m3/kg

R170, CH3CH3, Ethane

T critical = 32.73 C, p critical = 50.10200 Bar, v critical = 0.00460 m3/kg

R21, CHCl2F, Dichlorofluoromethane

T critical = 178.50 C, p critical = 51.68000 Bar, v critical = 0.00192 m3/kg

R22, CHClF2, Chlorodifluoromethane

T critical = 96.00 C, p critical = 49.77400 Bar, v critical = 0.00191 m3/kg

R23, CHF3, Trifluoromethane

T critical = 25.90 C, p critical = 48.30000 Bar, v critical = 0.00191 m3/kg

R290, CH3CH2CH3, Propane

T critical = 96.67 C, p critical = 42.35930 Bar, v critical = 0.00507 m3/kg

R401A, R22/152a/124 (53/13/34), R401A

T critical = 108.01 C,p critical = 46.03800 Bar, v critical = 0.00196 m3/kg

R401B, R22/152a/124 (61/11/28), R401B

T critical = 103.68 C, p critical = 46.47049 Bar, v critical = 0.00201 m3/kg

R401C, R22/152a/124 (33/15/52), R401C

T critical = 110.07 C, p critical = 43.48119 Bar, v critical = 0.00204 m3/kg

R402A, R125/290/22 (60/2/38), R402A

T critical = 75.50 C, p critical = 41.34700 Bar, v critical = 0.00185 m3/kg

R402B, R125/290/22 (38/2/60), R402B

T critical = 87.05 C, p critical = 45.31645 Bar, v critical = 0.00200 m3/kg

R404A, R125/143a/134a (44/52/4), R404A

T critical = 72.07 C, p critical = 37.31500 Bar, v critical = 0.00206 m^3/kg

R406A, R22/142b/600a (55/41/4), R406A

T critical = 114.49 C, p critical = 45.81000 Bar, v critical = 0.00219 m3/kg

R407A, R32/125/134a (20/40/40), R407A

T critical = 82.36 C, p critical = 45.32155 Bar, v critical = 0.00205 m3/kg

R407B, R32/125/134a (10/70/20), R407B

T critical = 75.36 C, p critical = 41.30295 Bar, v critical = 0.00196 m3/kg

R407C, R32/125/134a (23/25/52), R407C

T critical = 86.74 C, p critical = 46.19100 Bar, v critical = 0.00190 m3/kg

R408A, R22/143a/125 (47/46/7), R408A

T critical = 83.68 C, p critical = 43.41828 Bar, v critical = 0.00208 m3/kg

R409A, R22/124/142b (60/25/15), R409A

T critical = 106.80 C, p critical = 46.21764 Bar, v critical = 0.00194 m3/kg

R410A, R32/125 (50/50), R410A

T critical = 74.67 C, p critical = 51.73703 Bar, v critical = 0.00162 m3/kg

R410B, R32/125 (45/55), R410B

T critical = 71.03 C, p critical = 47.79500 Bar, v critical = 0.00202 m3/kg

R50, CH4, Methane

T critical = -82.59 C, p critical = 45.98800 Bar, v critical = 0.00623 m3/kg

R500, R12/152a (73.8/26.2), R500

T critical = 105.50 C, p critical = 44.23000 Bar, v critical = 0.00202 m3/kg

R502, R22/115 (48.8/51.2), R502

T critical = 82.20 C, p critical = 40.81800 Bar, v critical = 0.00178 m3/kg

R507, R125/143a (50/50), R507

T critical = 70.90 C, p critical = 37.93559 Bar, v critical = 0.00200 m3/kg

R508A, R23/116 (39/61), R508A

T critical = 23.00 C, p critical = 40.60000 Bar, v critical = 0.00177 m3/kg

R600, CH3CH2CH2CH3, Butane

T critical = 150.80 C, p critical = 37.18096 Bar, v critical = 0.00490 m3/kg

R600a, CH(CH3)3, 2-methyl propane (isobutane)

T critical = 135.92 C, p critical = 36.84547 Bar, v critical = 0.00514 m3/kg

R717, NH3, Ammonia

T critical = 132.35 C, p critical = 113.53000 Bar, v critical = 0.00427 m3/kg

R718, H2O, Water

T critical = 374.14 C, p critical = 220.89000 Bar, v critical = 0.00315 m3/kg

R728, N2, Nitrogen

T critical = -146.95 C, p critical = 34.00000 Bar, v critical = 0.00318 m3/kg

R729, N2/O2/A (76/23/1), Air

T critical = -140.65 C, p critical = 37.74360 Bar, v critical = 0.00291 m3/kg

R732, O2, Oxygen

T critical = -118.57 C, p critical = 50.42900 Bar, v critical = 0.00229 m3/kg







: 2015-08-12; : 2593.


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