|Главная Случайная страница
Разделы: Автомобили Астрономия Биология География Дом и сад Другие языки Другое Информатика История Культура Литература Логика Математика Медицина Металлургия Механика Образование Охрана труда Педагогика Политика Право Психология Религия Риторика Социология Спорт Строительство Технология Туризм Физика Философия Финансы Химия Черчение Экология Экономика Электроника
Task 1.Listen to the recorded words and word combinations. Write them down in transcription. Practise their pronunciation.
Task 2.Look through the words in Task A. Write down the ones beginning with the consonant clusters. Make sure you pronounce the clusters correctly. Explain the phonetic processes taking place at the juncture of adjoining consonants. Do it in writing.
Task 3.Read thefollowing utterances. Lay stresses and tone marks. Transcribe the sentences. Match them with the tunes.
a) What would I recommend? 1) Nucleus + Tail.
b) Would you like a cup of coffee? 2) Prehead + Nucleus + Tail.
c) Really? 3) Head + Nucleus + Tail.
d) And where is your mother? 4) Prehead + Head + Nucleus + Tail.
a) – 3 ; b) – 4; c) – 1; d) – 2.
Task 4. Listen to the following sentences. Read them out aloud. Give their tonograms. Choose the appropriate reaction according to the suggested attitude. Explain the differences between the intonational structure of the sentences you have chosen and those which have the same lexical and grammatical structure but express different attitudinal meanings.
a) What do you think of his behaviour?
Surprise: 1) I could |hardly be|lieve my /ears. (critical remark)
2) I could |hardly be|lieve my \ears.
b) I’m positive I saw you in the Caucasus.
Protest: 1) I've |never been |there in my \life.
2) I've |never been |there in my \life. (stating the fact)
c) I’m just going.
Encouraging:1) |Have a .good /time!
2) |Have a .good \time! (seriousness)
d) What a nuisance it all is!
Soothing: 1) |Don’t /worry!
2) |Don’t \worry! (pressure)
e) Have Bob and Jane arrived?
Correction: 1) \Jane’s /here.
2) |Jane’s \here. (stating the fact)
f) The whole thing’s quite a mystery.
Reproach: 1) |Somebody must |know who \did it. (objection)
2) |Somebody must \know who /did it.
g) What do you think of my new suit?
negative attitude: 1) The \colour is al/right.
2) The |colour is al/right. (critical remark)
h) What shall I tell John?
impatience: 1) |Tell him e\xactly what you /think about it. (reproach)
2) |Tell him e↑xactly what you \think about it.
i) I’ve lost my handbag.
Responsibility: 1) |What are you |going to /do about it? (critical remark)
2) |What are you |going to \do about it?
j) It’s not difficult, is it?
Contradiction: 1) It’s \difficult al/right
2) It’s |difficult al\right (firmness)
k) Excuse my fife minutes’ late
Grumbling: 1) You’re |always \late (irritation)
2) You’re \always /late
a) – 2; b) – 1; c) – 1; d) –1; e) – 1; f) – 2; g) – 1; h) – 2; i) – 2; j) –1; k) –2.
Task 5.Listen to the following dialogues and exercises. Write them down. Lay stresses and tone marks. Concentrate on the intonation of echo-questions. Define the information they convey. Establish their intonation pattern. Practise reading the dialogues using the proper intonation for asking for repetition or additional information, gaining the time and expressing stupefied surprise. Give graphical presentation of the echo-questions intonation.
Thompson P. 86 (Ex.90)-94.
Task 6. Read the text given below. Make sure you understand what it is about. Divide each sentence into syntagms, lay stresses and tone marks, practise your reading technique. Record your reading.
The British Broadcasting Corporation is looked up to by many people in Britain and abroad as a custodian of good English; this attitude is normally only in respect of certain broadcasters who represent the “official” voice of the Corporation, such as newsreaders and announcers, and does not apply to the “unofficial” voices of people such as disc-jockeys and chat-show presenters (who may speak as they please). The high status given to the BBC's voices relates both to pronunciation and to grammar, and there are listeners who write angry letters to the BBC or the Radio Times to complain about “incorrect” pronunciations such as “loranorder” for “law and order”. Although the attitude that the BBC has a responsibility to preserve some imaginary pure form of English for posterity is extreme, there is much to be said for using the “official” BBC accent as a standard for foreign learners wishing to acquire an English accent. The present-day BBC accent is easily accessible and easy to record and examine. It is relatively free from class-based associations and it is available throughout the world on the Overseas Service of the BBC. [Roach]