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Mechanical engineering and machine-building
Mechanical engineering is concerned with mechanisms, (gases, machines, air) and energy conversions and covers all manners of energy utilization with minimum pollution of the environment. It covers transport, machines and (bridge, manufacturing, engine) processes and the efficient use of mechanisms without excessive vibration and stresses. It covers materials and measurement and the prosesses of (robot, welding, strengthening) treatment, and (reinforcing, tracing, raising) of the machine parts. All these aspects are connected with design, automation and (automation, motor, advanced) technology.
The main branches of industry in Ukraine are machine-building and metal (performing, processing, identifying) followed by chemical and oil refining industry. Machine-tool building and metal working industries are focused on metalware and tool products for machine-building industries as well as on production of consumer goods and tools. The leading part in the machine-building belongs to the plant (increasing, producing, moving) milling machines equipped with microprocessors. The policy of machine-building industry is aimed at raising (reliability, workpiece, monotony) of the production, extending the service (work, development, life) of parts, increasing (productivity, machine-tool, control).
UNIT 4: Engineering materials and their properties
Exercises to the subject: