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The Sources Of British Law
Pre-reading task: Skim the text and divide it into the logical parts. Entitle them.
In Britain one generally speaks of three sources of law - Common Law, Equity Law and Statute Law.
Statute Law (also Statutory Law) includes both laws passed in Parliament and acts of delegated legislation, i.e. legislation made by executive organs. Up to the end of the 19th century the scope of Parliamentary legislation was relatively small. Today, however, there is hardly any aspect of everyday life that is not regulated by statute law.
Common Law consists of a system of recorded cases, precedents, valid for subsequent similar cases. It is case law, or more exactly, judge-made law, based on past decisions of judges in accordance with custom and reason and having the character of a general legal principle.
Equity Law is a system of law originated in the English Chancery. Practically speaking, it is a system of case law governed by the binding force of precedent (as Common Law) but exercised by Lord Chancellor and his staff
Since Britain's accession to the European Union (the European Community till 1993), European Law has also become a source of the law in the United Kingdom. European Law is to be found in the Union's treaties and decisions of the Union's institutions. It operates as a separate system side by side with domestic law. Where European Law is in conflict with domestic law, European Law prevails.
Match each word or phrase on the left to the Russian equivalents on the right.
Match each word or phrase on the left to the correct definition on the right: