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Always.






1. How often do you find that you stay on-line longer than you intended?

2. How often do you neglect household chores to spend more time on-line?

3. How often do you prefer the excitement of the Internet to intimacy with your partner?

4. How often do you form new relationships with fellow on-line users?

5. How often do others in your life complain to you about the amount of time you spend on-line?

6. How often do your grades or school work suffer because of the amount of time you spend on-line?

7. How often do you check your e-mail before something else that you need to do?

8. How often does your job performance or productivity suffer because of the Internet?

9. How often do you become defensive or secretive when anyone asks you what you do on-line?

10. How often do you block out disturbing thoughts about your life with soothing thoughts of the Internet?

11. How often do you find yourself anticipating when you will go on-line again?

12. How often do you fear that life without the Internet would be boring, empty, and joyless?

13. How often do you snap, yell, or act annoyed if someone bothers you while you are on-line?

14. How often do you lose sleep due to late-night log-ins?

15. How often do you feel preoccupied with the Internet when off-line, or fantasize about being on-line?

16. How often do you find yourself saying "just a few more minutes" when on-line?

17. How often do you try to cut down the amount of time you spend on-line and fail?

18. How often do you try to hide how long you've been on-line?

19. How often do you choose to spend more time on-line over going out with others?

20. How often do you feel depressed, moody, or nervous when you are off-line, which goes away once you are back on-line?

 

 

After you've answered all the questions, add the numbers you selected for each response to obtain a final score. The higher your score, the greater your level of addiction and the problems your Internet usage causes. Here's a general scale to help measure your score:

 

20 - 49 points: You are an average on-line user. You may surf the Web a bit too long at times, but you have control over your usage.


50 -79 points: You are experiencing occasional or frequent problems because of the Internet. You should consider their full impact on your life.

 

80 - 100 points: Your Internet usage is causing significant problems in your life. You should evaluate the impact of the Internet on your life and address the problems directly caused by your Internet usage.

 

After you have identified the category that fits your total score, look back at those questions for which your scored a 4 or 5. Did you realize this was a significant problem for you? For example, if you answered 4 (often) to Question #2 regarding your neglect of household chores, were you aware of just how often your dirty laundry piles up or how empty the refrigerator gets?

 

Say you answered 5 (always) to Question #14 about lost sleep due to late-night log-ins. Have you ever stopped to think about how hard it has become to drag yourself out of bed every morning? Do you feel exhausted at work? Has this pattern begun to take its toll on your body and your overall health?

4. Find additional information about programs of virtual learning. Is virtual learning widespread in Ukraine? Is distant learning less effective?

5. Internet provides us with diverse communication tools. Think about those tools and fill in the table as it’s shown in the example.

 

Communication tools on the Internet Definition Advantages
Email Electronic mail, commonly called email or e-mail, is a method of exchanging digital messages from an author to one or more recipients. - fast - your e-mail will arrive usually within 15 minutes and often within seconds - cheap - your e-mail will cost either nothing or the cost of a local phone call - responsive - it's easy to reply to an e-mail, encouraging a rapid response.

 

 

DISCOVERING OTHER CULTURES

Selected Intercultural Incidents [30]

1. One of my first nights in Maastricht I attended a movie with a few other American students. We were excited to find out that the movies here were in English.

As soon as I had gotten comfortable in my seat and was in to the movie an usher from the movie theater angrily came to me and motioned that I was to remove my feet from the seat in front of me.

(Caroline C., U.S., in the Netherlands)

Putting your feel on a chair is considered rude in Europe. Americans irritate Europeans by exhibiting this behavior, also in trains, etc. (Take into consideration that the sidewalks may be dirtier in Europe and therefore the soles of your shoes will be also).


Try to identify other ‘typically American’ behavioral traits that may be considered rude in other countries.

 

2. I was born and raised in Singapore and I went to Taiwan for a visit last year, when I was twenty-three years old. I saw flowered wreaths at a shop. I thought that somebody had passed away, but I then discovered that it was really the Grand Opening of the business. In Singapore, flowered wreaths are only used for funeral ceremonies.

(John C., Singapore, in Taiwan)

 

Even closely related cultures do not necessarily share all features. Singapore and Taiwan are both predominantly Chinese and economically developed, but there are notorious differences between the two cultures (or subcultures of Chinese culture).

Identify regional cultural differences within your own country. Avoid trivia and stereotypes, such as ‘there is more sunshine in the South (or the West, or …), therefore people are more laid back, etc.


 

UNIT 15








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