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«вуки английского алфавита




 

√ласные звуки: [i:] [ı] [æ] [e] [ɑː] [ʌ] [ɔː] [ɔ] [u:] [u] [əː] [ə]

[eı] [aı] [ou] [au] [ɔı] [ıə] [ɛə] [uə]

 

—огласные звуки: [p] [b] [t] [d] [s] [z] [f] [v] [k] [g] [ʃ] [ʒ] [ʧ] [ʤ] [θ] [ð]

[l] [m] [n] [ŋ] [h] [r] [w] [j]

 

Ex. 1. ѕрочитайте следующие слова по буквам:

 

Surface, earth, cause, air, deposit, valley, flood, glacier, ice, weather, nature, environment, volcano, geology, erosion, quality, ecology, industry, pollution, environmental, safety, drought, plant, shower, humidity, lightning, water, wind, pour, south, north, west, east, climate, damage, ozone, acid, dangerous, human, flora, fauna, animal, recycle, temperature, conservation, protection, atmosphere, extinction, scientist, area, sea, pressure, habitant, wildlife, resources, species, ocean, island, equator.

 

ѕравила чтени€
1. aЦоткрытый слог [eı] закрытый слог [æ] blame, fame, vale, blade, tape, lane, make, pale, sat, lamp, bad, fan, pan, lad, sand, van
ѕрочитайте: lamp, stamp, lake, bad, late, plan, ale, date, vale, bat, nave, tape, pan, fan, blade, lane, cake, brake, wake, flake, cape, Sam, tram, can, bake, tack, glad, hat, maze, grace, trace, skate, sad, bag, Ann, game, sat, lamp
2. eЦоткрытый слог [i:] закрытый слог [e] ee, ea [i:] eve, me, mete, Pete, be net, lend, pen, spent, bent, left, let, bed, men lean, meat, eat, green, bean, please, street, feet
ѕрочитайте: be, meat, deed, me, step, test, mend, pea, deal, leaf, mean, eve, mete, Pete, net, lend, bet, zeal, bead, keep, pen, spend, bent, sleep, bend, left, Bede, let, den, bed, east, feel, men, ten, best, eke, feed, fleet, leave, kept, slept, feet, met, melt, need, neat, send, zest, lead, see, sea
3. i, yЦзакрытый слог [ı] if, nip, tip, fit, tin, kid, tint, is, did, 'system
4. cЦ[s] перед e, i, y [k] в ост. случа€х 'pencil, space, 'sentence, cent, face, cist, cyst, trace, lace, place, ace, cell can, case, act, cane, cat, cake, candle, camp, clap
ѕрочитайте: cat, can, space, face, lace, cap, cliff, cell, cent, clap, cyst, clean, 'pencil, 'cystic, cape, 'candle, camp, cane, 'cattle, clamp, cede, cease

 

Ex. 2. ѕрочитайте следующие слова:

 

1. [i:] 2. [ı] 3. [i:]Ц [ı]
be Ц bead Ц beat did Ц it beat Ц bit read Ц rid
he Ц heed Ц heat bid Ц bit seat Ц sit deed Ц did
fee Ц feed Ц feet lid Ц lit feet Ц fit lead Ц lid
see Ц seed Ц seat kid Ц kit eat Ц it teen Ц tin
tea Ц teas Ц teeth pill Ц pit heap Ц hip bean Ц bin
pea Ц peas Ц peace nib Ц nip leak Ц lick heel Ц hill
knee Ц knees Ц niece rib Ц rip peak Ц pick peel Ц pill

Ex. 3. ѕрочитайте следующие слова:

 

1. [æ]   2. [eı]   3. [e]  
fan hat date make men bed
bag lap skate nape pen pet
lab nap late sale den let
cab gas plate blame press bet
pan plan state vale red best
ban 'happen fate male sell mess
ham 'happy made place fell left
bad 'grammar trade lake bell 'settle

 

Ex. 4. ѕрочитайте следующие слова:

 

1. [æ] Ц [e] 2. [eı] 3. [æ] Ц [eı]
bat Ц bet rat Ц red graze Ц braze pan Ц pane tram Ц tame
pat Ц pet tan Ц ten maze Ц craze flat Ц late mat Ц mate
at Ц ate man Ц men ale Ц sale can Ц cane rat Ц rate
bad Ц bed sat Ц set ape Ц tape bat Ц bate tap Ц tape
lad Ц led bag Ц beg cape Ц crape hat Ц hate lamp Ц lane
mat Ц met Pat Ц pet late Ц tale glad Ц glade fat Ц flake
sad Ц send Dan Ц den save Ц sale Sam Ц same man Ц mane

Ex. 5. ѕрочитайте следующие слова:

a) cist Ц cyst cab Ц cad Ц cam since Ц pence hence Ц trace

cell cent can Ц camp Ц cap mince Ц fence since Ц mince

 

b) bat Ц bet Ц bade ass Ц mess Ц mace man Ц men Ц mane

bad Ц bed Ц bade dam Ц den Ц dame cab Ц ken Ц cane

flat Ц let Ц late pan Ц pen Ц pane lamp Ц led Ц lane

 

c) bag Ц lag Ц hag Ц brag Ц crag

beg Ц leg Ц keg Ц peg Ц Greg

big Ц pig Ц brig Ц dig Ц jig

 

d) it Ц lid prim Ц brim trip Ц big him Ц grip it Ц did

bit Ц bid rip Ц rib strip Ц pin list Ц still kit Ц kid

nip Ц nib strip Ц trim miss Ц print rill Ц frill pin Ц bin

 







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