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Переведите в письменной форме абзацы 1, 4, 7.
3. Напишите предложения в вопросительной, а затем в отрицательной форме и переведите их на русский язык:
1. Timothy is feeding his dog.
2. I have already been working at my report for three hours.
3. I have always wanted to go to London.
4. Last summer we went to the river every day.
5. He was writing a letter at 5 o’clock yesterday.
Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требующемся времени.
1. We ( to drink ) tea when the telephone ( to ring ). 2. John noticed that everybody ( to look ) at him, and he ( to feel ) shy. 3. Light ( to travel ) more quickly than sound. 4. When I ( to come ) to Pete’s house last Sunday, he ( to read ) a new book. 5. When will he come? We ( to wait ) for him for already half an hour.
Заполните пропуски соответствующими предлогами по смыслу, где это необходимо.
1. … Wednesday I usually have a lot of homework. 2. Lev Tolstoy liked to get up … sunrise. 3. Our lessons are usually over … twenty minutes to two. 4. They returned from the wood … sunset. 5. I began writing my composition … seven o’clock and finished only … midnight. 6. The young scientist was trying to prove … the professor the necessity … the experiment.
Переведите на английский язык.
1. в полдень
2. в марте
3. пятого марта
4. на прошлой неделе
5. с весны
6. объясните мне
Переведите предложения на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в нужном времени.
1. Мама сидит на диване в гостиной и смотрит телевизор. 2. Если он не пойдёт в библиотеку, он будет дома. 3. Мы ещё не позавтракали. 4. Моя сестра спит с пяти часов. 5. Я всегда хотел изучать английский язык. 6. Моя сестра пьёт кофе с молоком, а я всегда предпочитал чёрный кофе.
Прочитайте текст и ответьте на следующие вопросы:
1. Which plant was known as white gold? Why?
2. Which plant has caused the death of many people?
3. Which of the three plants has most changed history? Why?
4. Which plant has done the greatest good? Which has done the greatest harm?
For thousands of years tobacco was used by the American Indians with no ill-effect. In the 16th century it was brought to Europe. This early tobacco was mixed with soil and rather dirty. It was chewed or smoked in pipes only by men – women thought it smelly and disgusting/
It was first grown commercially in America in the 17th century on slave plantations. In the 18th century new technology refined tobacco and the first cigarettes were produced. By the 1880s huge factories were producing cigarettes which were clean and easy to smoke. Chain-smoking and inhaling became possible and by the middle of the 20th century tobacco addicts, both men and women, were dying of lung cancer in great numbers.
Nowadays cigarette smoking is banned in many places, especially in the USA. But until 1820 tobacco was America’s main export, and still today their tobacco industry makes over 4.2 billion a year.
Sugar cane was grown in India thousands of years ago. In Roman times it was known in Europe as a great luxury, and it was rare and expensive for many centuries after that. In 1493 Columbus took a sugar plant with him to the West Indies, where it grew so well that huge plantations were started by Europeans and worked on by slaves. The slaves were shipped across the Atlantic from Africa, packed sometimes one on top of the other in chains, on a journey that took six weeks. Many died. The empty ships then carried the sugar back to Europe. So much money was made that sugar was known as “white gold”.
Sugar is use to sweeten food and make sweets and chocolate. It is addictive but unnecessary. By the 16th century the English were the greatest sugar-eaters in history. Elizabeth I lost all her teeth because she ate so much of it.
Cotton has been grown for over five thousand years in places as far apart as Mexico, China, Egypt, and India. It was first planted in America in 1607. Before 1800 cotton was a great luxury, more expensive than silk, because so many workers were needed to pick it. However, a huge increase in the number of slaves in the American South resulted in much greater cotton production and a fall in the price. This, and the new technology of the industrial revolution, made cotton the cheapest fabric in history. By 1820 cotton was making more money for the USA than tobacco, and more money worldwide than sugar.
The American Civil War of 1861- 1665 was fought because the Southern States wanted to form a separate country, so that they could continue to keep slaves on their cotton plantations. Slavery was banned in the Northern States in 1808. 500,000 soldiers were killed in the war.