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Ex. 3. Use the words in brackets in the correct form of the infinitive. Translate into Russian.
1. The snow melted around the school as February arrived, (replace) by cold, dreary wetness. 2. “Never mind, never mind,” said Twycross dryly, who did not seem (expect) anything better. 3. Manure is junk of a sort, but it can make flowers (grow). 4. They are right (concern). 5. But all the same, you won’t get a jury (take) much note of a jailbird’s evidence. 6. The same technique permits old instruments (grind) down and recycled into new ones. 7. I feel you are hiding something from me, and I demand (tell) the truth. 8. The man was not one (think) rapidly. 9. In a pleasant way Eddie Swanson stated that he would have a physician (analyze) his coffee daily. 10. God seems (forsake) a good portion of Silicon Valley's water, too, since IBM arrived on the scene. 11. I woke up with the idea that seemed (fly) into my brain overnight. 12. Later she visited this place, where a scattering of adobe huts appeared (spin) off by a derelict plaza into fields and gullies and a stand of tall weeds. 13. Paleoanthropologists have discovered the earliest evidence of stone blades – sophisticated tools once thought (make) only by Neanderthals – dating to 500,000 years ago. 14. A lot of dirt is going (sling) at him. 15. And all day long in the schoolhouse cabin, little James Whitcomb Riley, who ought (do) his sums, stared through the window. 16. Such a dress can’t (sit) down in. 17. Matisse may have conceived his picture (hang) high overhead. 18. About 1.5 million are thought (seek) refuge along the rugged frontier with Iran last year. 19. The cook pretended (read) a book. It was a cook book. 20. How fortunate you are (travel) all over the world and (see) so much of it. 21. You are hard (please). 22. There are things that have (do). 23. He appears (know) practically all African languages; he is said (learn) them while travelling. 24. The latest alphabet (use)by Germanic tribes is the Latin alphabet. 25. He seemed (weigh) something in his mind. 26. He was a currently unemployed electrontech, thirty-six years old, who claimed (look) for temporary work at the spaceport when a stranger offered him fifty credits and promised to double it if he went with four others and did as he was told. 27. I’m glad to hear you (say) that. 28. The door opened, but no one could be seen (open) it. 29. No one who is interested in the subject of language can have failed (strike) with the prevalence of complaints about the corruption which is overtaking our own speech.
Ex. 4. Complete the sentences using the infinitive in the correct form. State the functions of the infinitive.
1. ______ was impossible. 2. ______ is a usual thing for me. 3. Our plan was _______. 4. What I want is ______. 5. The students were anxious _______. 6. Do you care _______? 7. We are sorry _______. 8. I was the first _______. 9. I learnt all new words so as _______. 10. I stopped _______. 11. I am clever enough _______. 12. I will go to Tegucigalpa _______.
Ex. 5. Expand the phrases with the infinitive as adverbial modifier of condition. (Remember that the verb of the predicate should be used in the Conditional Mood.)
E.g. To hear him, _____. To hear him, one would think he was as poor as a church mouse.
1. To see that woman run after the bus, ________. 2. To hear that girl speak to people like that, ________. 3. To read only some pages in this book, _______. 4. To see the students working hard during the term, _______. 5. To hear the minister speak at the meeting, _______. 6. To look at her steadily, ________.
Ex. 6. Complete the following sentences, using the infinitive as adverbial modifier of attendant circumstances. (Remember that the idea represented by the object of infinitive or the infinitive itself should be unexpected or unpleasant.)
E.g. The student took the record to find out _______. The student took the record to find out that it was not the one he needed.
1. Mr Gook started the car to realize _______. 2. John has read the letter to learn _______. 3. The teacher entered the classroom to see _______. 4. They arrived in London to find out _______. 5. The girl came up to the mirror to realize _______. 8. Mr Brown got on the tram to understand ________. 9. Mr Green went to Australia to _____. 10. I woke up to ________.
Ex. 7. The infinitive in the function of adverbial modifier of purpose may be used alone or with the conjunction in order, so as: E.g. I left early to catch the train. = I left early in orderto catch the train. = I left early so asto catch the train.
In negative sentences with “not” the conjunctions in order, so as must be used. The infinitive alone is not usually correct.
E.g. I left early in ordernot to miss the train. = I left early so asnot to miss the train. Typical mistake: I left early