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EATING OUT




This week we decided to look at a small family-run restaurant in the village of Wardleton, Sussex.. "The Old Mill" is newly opened and overlooks the River Wardle, and we had heard several favourable comments about it. Because we had been advised to book in advance, we managed to book a nice table with a view of the quay. We were made very welcome and the service was excellent because it is a small family business. The proprietor, Jeff Deans, runs the kitchen himself and his wife, Nelly, showed us to our table.

Although the choice of items on the menu was very extensive, it .was rather traditional. We started with Wardle Trout. For my main course I chose the pepper steak, which was the speciality of the day. I thought it was almost perfect because the chef had chosen excellent meat and it was cooked just long enough.

My wife ordered the roast lamb, and although the quality of the meat was good, she thought it was a little underdone. Though the vegetables were fresh, they came in very small portions and were rather over-cooked (tasting burnt) for our taste. However the bread was fresh because it had
been baked on the premises.

As usual 1 chose house wine, as this is often the best way to judge a restaurant's wine list. It was a French-bottled table wine which was quite, satisfactory and reasonably priced. The bill, including Turkish coffee and brandy, came to £ 37, which was acceptable for the class of restaurant,
although that did not include service.

(After: "Streamline English. Destinations" by Bernard Hartley & Peter Viney.- Oxford,
l988, Unit 58)

 

TEXT 6

VEGETARIANISM

Before you read:

What do you know about vegetarianism? Are there any vegetarians among your acquaintances? Why have they become vegetarians?

 

Vegetarian food is different, delicious, nourishing and fresh. It can turn cooking, as well as eating, into a daily pleasure. The simple goodness of fresh ingredients in a loaf of home-made bread and a bowl of soup often give more satisfaction than the most complicated concoction smothered in butter-rich sauce. Learning to cook without meat and even most fish is something of a challenge, so used are we all to having one or the other as the main dish of the meal.

Vegetarianism and wholefood cookery are enjoying a new surge of popularity in the developed world as a reaction to the high-fat, high-sugar; high-starch junk foods that have so dominated our diets for the past 30 years.

The first pleasure of wholefood cookery is the goodness it brings to your table. The freshness and flavour of natural foods, unrefined and free from additives, offers a range of ingredients that is infinitely rich and subtle. But wholefood eating doesn't only satisfy the palate, it brings long-term health benefits too.

Our Western diet tends to be soft, sweet and high in animal fats. Over-refined and processed foods contain fewer vitamins and minerals, and chemical additives can cause unpleasant side effects. The foods closest to nature - fresh fruit and vegetables, unrefined grains, nuts and pulses - are high in vitamins and minerals, high in fibre and low in fat. They provide cheaper protein and satisfy at moderate calorie levels.

So vegetarianism also makes economic and ecological sense. A field of soya beans will yield 30 times as much protein as the same field given over to the rearing of beef cattle. Surprisingly though, it is still the case that agricultural land is devoted to feeding animals, far more than to growing crops. A further cruel reality is that economic pressures tend to encourage under-developed countries to export their grain as cattle feed for richer countries.

For many people, it is the slaughter of animals for food which has made them turn to a vegetarian life, as has the practice of keeping battery hens in tiny cages for the duration of their short lives. In addition, though modern food production methods have effectively made meat much cheaper than ever before, inevitably the taste of mass-produced meat, from animals reared on chemically treated feed and injected with hormones, suffers from a uniform blandness. A true free range chicken is practically impossible to buy in the Western world - in America 98 per cent of chickens are battery reared.' Considerations such as this have given many a less ideological but as valid a reason to prefer a largely wholefood and vegetarian lifestyle.

Other healthy products - for instance yoghurt, complement much vegetarian fare. It is perhaps the best known of all cultured milk products and has had an amazing rise from relative obscurity as an indigenous Middle Eastern food to a world-wide popularity - all within the last 20 or so years. It has been credited with extraordinary properties, particularly since scientists about 100 years ago became fascinated by the microbiological processes which take place in milk during fermentation. At that time a Russian scientist, Ilya Mechnikov, isolated the bacteria found in yoghurt. It is recorded that ancient physicians used to prescribe sour milk for dysentery, tuberculosis, liver problems and various other illnesses. It was found that an acid milk is more easily digested than ordinary milk, and modern medical practitioners have used it to counteract the effect of some antibiotics which destroy beneficial intestinal flora. Today aficionados of yoghurt are able to enjoy a wide selection of the product and the truly devoted sleuth may be able to track down some very unusual varieties.

So you see, you don't have to be vegetarian to enjoy this book, but you might adopt a new attitude to eating. For instance, you could break away from the traditional three-course meal and serve several complementary dishes at once, as in Eastern countries, or you could serve one large salad as a main course and offer home-made bread and an assortment of dressings. The best thing about vegetarianism is that it is an adventure and opens new possibilities to the diner, and to the cook.

1. Find the equivalents to the following words and phrases from the text and write them down:

натуральные продукты; блюда, приготовленные из натуральных продуктов; что-то вроде вызова, волна популярности, реакция на, добавки, тонкий (нежный, неуловимый), рафинированный, урожай, убой животных, неясность, кислое молоко, домашний хлеб

2. Answer the questions:

1. What is the first pleasure of wholefood cookery according to the text?

2. Why can over-refined and processed foods cause unpleasant side effects?

3. Does vegetarianism makes economic and ecological sense?

4. What made many people turn to a vegetarian life?

5. What were scientists fascinated by about 100 years ago?

3. Read the following statements. Are they true or false?

1. Wholefood eating doesn't only satisfy the palate, it brings long-term health benefits too.

2. Vegetarianism doesn’t make economic and ecological sense.

3. Ilya Mechnikov isolated the bacteria found in yoghurt.

4. Ancient physicians used to prescribe sour milk for dysentery, tuberculosis, liver problems and various other illnesses.

5. Modern medical practitioners have used ordinary milk to counteract the effect of some antibiotics which destroy beneficial intestinal flora.







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