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The Fifth Generation - Present and Beyond: Artificial Intelligence

The fifth generation computing devices, based on artificial intelligence, are still in development, though there are some applications, such as voice recognition, that are being used today. Artificial Intelligence is the branch of computer science concerned with making computers behave like humans. The term was coined in 1956 by John McCarthy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

(based on: http://silwen.hubpages.com)

2. Give an accurate translation of the listed words and word combinations:

1. a limited function computer  
2. an abacus  
3. a slide rule  
4. the goal  
5. carry out a sequence of arithmetic or logical operations  
6. to evolve very rapidly  
7. application capabilities  
8. a vacuum tube  
9. instructions storage  
10. magnetic drum and magnetic core technology  
11. integrated circuits  
12. a semiconductor  
13. punched cards and printouts  
14. to run multiple applications  
15. become accessible  
16. mass usage  
17. a computer network  
18. artificial intelligence  
19. voice recognition  
20. to expand the use  
21. to solve various problems  
22. to increase speed  
23. backgrounds of high level programming languages  
24. the branch of computer science  
25. to coin the term  

3. Answer the questions:

1. What were the first mechanical devices that somewhat resembled a computer?

2. How can the word “computer” be defined?

3. What are the characteristic features of the first generation computers?

4. When did the first programming languages appear?

5. Did the invention of a transistor have a huge influence on the development of electronics?

6. How long did the third generation last?

7. What did the appearance of integrated circuits allow?

8. What led to the invention of the Internet?

9. What are the fifth generation computing devices based on?

10. Where and when was the term “Artificial Intelligence” coined?


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