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Supplementary 7: Controversial points about future

1. Is will\shall a tense form as opposed in the paradigmatic line of Present and Past? Is it a modal phrase?

2. Modal colouring of the meaning of future as compared to present or past.

3. L.Barhudarov’s objections against inclusion of future into the category of Tense:

· possibility to express both future and past time;

· assumptions on the question of the category of prospect or of prospective time;

· present\past verbal forms as primary time vs future prospective verbal forms as relative time;

· categorical position of Prospect in the system of English tenses.

(see:M.I.Bloch. A Course in Theoretical English Grammar, Chapter 14, 4-7)

Revision tasks for self-control

What grammatical categories does the finite form of the verb have?

Give an account of the grammatical categories: tense, aspect, taxis.

What factors govern the choice between tense forms, aspect forms and taxis forms?

How does the fact of belonging to the group of stative/dynamic, terminative/non- terminative verbs influence the choice?

What grammatical devices (synthetical or analytical) prevail to indicate categorial distinctions of the verb in English.

How can you explain the categorial status of the typically English Perfect Continuous form?


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