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Forming the superlative




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Form Rule For example
Words of one syllable ending in 'e'. Add -st to the end of the word. wide - widest
Words of one syllable, with one vowel and one consonant at the end. Double the consonant and add -est to the end of the word. big - biggest
Words of one syllable, with more than one vowel or more than one consonant at the end. Add - est to the end of the word. high - highest
Words of two syllables, ending in 'y'. Change 'y' to 'i', and add -est to the end of the word. happy - happiest
Words of two syllables or more, not ending in 'y'. Place 'the most' before the adjective. beautiful - the most beautiful

The following adjectives are exceptions:

'good' becomes 'the best'

'bad' becomes 'the worst'

'far' becomes 'the furthest'

For example:

"Jill is the best student in the class."

"Jack is the worst student in the class."

"In our solar system the planet Pluto is the furthestplanet from the Sun."

Note!

Superlatives are usually preceded by 'the'.

For example:

"The Rio de la Plata river, on the southeast coastline of South America, is the widest river in the world."

According to the List of World records Carol Yager (1960-1994), from Michigan, is the fattest person ever to live, weighing 725 kg (1,600 lb).

"Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world."

"I think that Castle Combe is the prettiestvillage in England."

"Arguably, Rome is the most beautiful city in the world."

 

When we group adjectives together there is a general rule for the position of each type adjective, these are:

 

Position 1st* 2nd* 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
  Opinion Size Age Shape Colour Material Origin Purpose
  Nice Small Old Square Black Plastic British Racing
  Ugly Big New Circular Blue Cotton American Running

For example:

"She had a big, ugly, old, baggy, blue, cotton, British, knitting bag."

Is grammatically correct but a bit too long-winded.

 

Note!

You might swap opinion and fact adjectives depending on what you wish to emphasise.

For example:

"She had a long, ugly nose." emphasising the length of her nose.

"He was a silly, little man." emphasising that the man was silly.

 







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