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Morphological composition of the adjective.




Adjectives are divided intosimple, derivative andcompound.

1.Simple adjectivesare adjectives which have neither prefixes nor suffixes. They are indecomposable: e. g. good, red, black.

2. Derivativeadjectives are adjectives which have derivative ele­ments, suffixes or prefixes or both: beautiful, foolish, hopeless, unkind, unimportant.

Productive adjective-forming suffixes are:

-less: friendless, harmless, hopeless

-like: childlike

-ish: childish, foolish

-ed (-d): beaded

Unproductive suffixes are:

-ful: careful

-ent: dependent

-ible: responsible

-en: woolen

-ous: dangerous

-some: troublesome

Productive adjective-forming prefixes are:

un-: unhappy

pre-: prewar

The unproductive prefix of the adjective is: in-/ir-/im-: incorrect, irregular, improper

3.Compound adjectives are adjectives built from two or more stems.

The main types of compound adjectives are as follows:

1. noun-stem + adjective-stem: snow-white.

2. noun-stem + participle-stem: life-giving, smoke-dried.

3. adjective-stem + adjective-stem: deaf-mute.

4. adjective-stem + noun-stem + suffix -ed: cold-hearted.

5. noun-stem + noun-stem + suffix -ed: lynx-eyed.

6. numeral-stem + noun-stem + suffix -ed: four-wheeled.

7. adverb-stem + noun-stem + suffix -ed: over-peopled.







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