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Some adverbs have degrees of comparison.




(a)If the adverb is a word of one syllable, the comparative degree 's formed by adding -er and the superlative by adding -est.

fast — faster — fastest hard — harder — hardest

(b)Adverbs ending in -ly form the comparative by means of more and the superlative by means of most.


wisely — more

wisely — most wisely

beautifully — more

beautifully — most beautifully


(c) Some adverbs have irregular forms of comparison:


well — better — best

badly — worse — worst

much — more — most

little — less — least


 

§ 4. According to their meaning adverbs fall under several groups:

(1)adverbs of time (today, tomorrow, soon, etc.);

(2)adverbs of repetition or frequency (often, seldom, ever; never, sometimes, etc.);

(3)adverbs of place and direction (inside, outside, here, there, back­ward, upstairs, etc.);

(4)adverbs of cause and consequence (therefore, consequently, ac­cordingly, etc.);

(5)adverbs of manner (kindly, quickly, hard, etc.);

(5)adverbs of degree, measure and quantity (very, enough, half, too, nearly, almost, much, little, hardly, rather, exceedingly, quite, once, twice, firstly, secondly, etc.).

Three groups of adverbs stand aside: interrogative, relative and conjunctive adverbs.

Interrogative adverbs (where, when, why, how) are used in special questions.

Conjunctive and relative adverbs are used to introduce subordinate clauses.1

Some adverbs are homonymous with nouns, adjectives, prepo­sitions, conjunctions2, words of the category of state3 and modal words4.

See Chapter XVII, The Complex Sentence.

2 See Chapter XII, The Preposition.

3 See Chapter VI, The Words of the Category of State.

4 See Chapter X, The Modal Words.

 

 


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