:

9 - , .




1 Tom would buy a car if he had more money.

a) , .

b) , .

c) , .

2 She would be able to find a better job if she knew English.

a) , .

b) , .

c) , .

3 We have not any money if we do not work.

a) , .

b) , .

c) , .

4 If he could come he would take part in making decisions.

a) , .

b) , .

c) , .

 

 

10- , .

1 He knows English well. He translates this article next week.

a) must;

b) has to;

c) will have to.

2 You.go home if you feel ill.

a) may;

b) has to;

c) is able.

3 You..go in for sports if you want to be strong and healthy.

a) must;

b) may;

c) could.

4 I.finish this work yesterday.

a) may;

b) had to;

c) is able.

5 You .. bring me this book as soon as possible, I need it.

a) must;

b) can;

c) may.

6 I . not ring you up yesterday. Something was wrong with my telephone.

a) can;

b) must;

c) could.

 

 

11- , .

1 The question begin too difficult, no one could answer it

2 Gas consist of a number of particles moving at a tremendous spend.

3 While melting the snow keeps the same temperature.

4 Operating characteristics of goods are usually given in graphical forms.

5 Being started in time, the preparations for the test are over.

6 The radio set bought by you is often out of order.

7 An electronic computer forms a complex device when viewed as a whole.

a) ;

b) ( );

c) ;

d) .

 

12- .

1 The article having been read we knew the subject much better.

a) ;

b) ;

c) ;

d) .

2 Having stopped the computer he left the shop.

a) ;

b) ;

c) ;

d) .

3 The operating machine was installed in the shop.

a) ;

b) , ;

c) ;

d) .

4 Having installed the new computer we obtained the results of the calculations quicker.

a) ;

b) ;

c) ;

d) .

13-Make up sentences using the following words and word combinations:

a) 1 On criminal law, yesterday, two articles, translated, I.

2 hears, in this country, the Supreme Court, cases, the most important.

3 passes, that, Parliament, it is, new laws.

4 equal, elections, are.

5 on Labour law, many students, at the lecture, there will be.

b) 1 a lot of questions, the teacher, ask, the students of our group, did?

2 make, how many, this student, did, mistakes?

3 wants, a lawyer, to become, whose friend?

4 an investigator, your friend, is?

5 crime, Criminology, deal with, and, its various aspects, does?

14-Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense-form:

a) The Prosecutors Office ( to investigate) criminal cases, collects, evidence, and so on.

b) Cases (to try) in public and proceedings are oral.

c) The accused (to have) the right to defense.

d) He (to imprison) for the crime committed.

e) Justice (to administer) by courts of all instances.

f) I (to be) a lawyer when I (to graduate) from the Academy.

15- Open the brackets using Participle I or Participle II. Translate the sentences.

a) He was (to sentence) for the offence (to charge).

b) While (to read) this text we learned a lot of new expressions.

c) The act (to do) was (to define) as a crime.

d) The man (to answer) the judges questions is the defendant.

e) (To pass) a sentence for the crime (to commit) the court not only punishes the criminal, but also reeducates him.

f) When (to ask) about this event, he told us a lot of important facts.

16- Fill in the blanks with the following words and word combinations:

a) The Prosecutors Office; persons in office; to see to it, according to the law; to appeal against; to maintain prosecution; in the name of the state.

b) ..is a state organ that ensures the correct application and observance of the states laws by all ministries, organizations,. and all the citizens. It also protects the personal rights of citizens. It investigates criminal cases, collects evidence against criminals and..that other investigating organs act. .

c) The prosecutor has the right...any unlawful decisions and actions of state organs.................. .

d) The prosecutorbefore the court .

V. Complete the sentences:

a) The Prosecutors Office also protects .

b) It investigates criminal cases, collects evidence against criminals and sees to it that... .

c) The prosecutor has the right to appeal against any unlawful decisions and actions of state organs and .

d) The prosecutor maintains prosecution .

17-. Fill in the blanks with the following words and word combinations:

the Chairman of the Government; the President; two representatives; Justice; state integrity; the guarantor; the Head of State; the sovereignty; the consent; examination; elections; a democratic federative law governed state; the Federal Assembly; deputies; two chambers, the legislative and the executive state government body; the Government; abroad; the courts; within the country; independence; determines; universal, equal, direct suffrage; the procedure; executive power; the representative and legislative body.

a) The Russian Federation Russia is.. with a republican form of government.

b) State power in the Russian Federation is exercised by, ., ... and .

c) The President of the Russian Federation is . . The President is of the Constitution and of human rights and freedoms. He takes measures to protectof Russia, its and .The President .the basic objectives of the internal and foreign policy of the state. He represents the Russian Federation. and. .

d) The President is elected for the term of four years by citizens of Russia on the basis of. by secret ballot.

e) ..for electing of the President is determined by federal law.

f) The Federal Assembly parliament of the Russian Federation isThe Federal Assembly consists of. the Federation Council and the State Duma.

g) The Federation Council includes from each constituent entity: one fromand the other from

h) The State Duma consists of 450 . Any citizen of Russia over 21 years of age who has the right to participate in..may be elected deputy of the State Duma.

i) Federal laws adopted by the State Duma are submitted for by the Federation Council.

j) in Russia is exercised by the Government. The Government consists of.., deputy chairmen of the Government and federal ministers.

k) The Chairman of the Government is appointed by the President with. of the State Duma.

l) .in the Russian Federation is administered only by court.

 

18-Complete the sentences:

a) The Russian Federation is .

b) State power in the Russian Federation is exercised by.. .

c) The President of the Russian Federation is .

d) He takes measures to protect .

e) The President determines .

f) He represents the Russian Federation .

g) The President is elected for the term of four years on the basis of. .

h) The Federal Assembly is .

i) The Federal Assembly consists of .

j) The Federation Council includes .

k) The State Duma consists of .

l) Executive power in Russia is exercised by .

m) The Government consists of .

n) The Chairman of the Government is appointed by .

19-. Fill in the blanks with the following words and word combinations:

a) A criminal code, a system of rules, the social and state system, different branches of law, legislation on the labour, a leading branch, taxation, civil law, financial activity, state power, the right in property, constitutional law, the general principles of criminal responsibility.

b) Law is established by the state. The main aim of law is to consolidate and safeguard.. and its economic foundation.

c) The system of law in our country consists of..

d) Constitutional law isof the whole system of law. Its principal source is the countrys Constitution. It deals with social structure, the state system, organization of.. and the legal status of citizens.

e) Administrative law is closely connected with. but it deals with legal forms of concrete executive and administrative activity of a government and ministers.

f) Financial law regulates the budget,................., state credits and other spheres of

g) is connected with relations in the economic sphere of social life, with relations involving property, its distribution and exchange. ..is the central institution of civil law.

h) The rules of labour law include the of industrial and office workers and regulate matters arising from labour relations.

i) Criminal law defines., individual types of crimes and punishment applied to criminals. Criminal law takes the form of.. consisting of a general and special part.

20- Complete the sentences:

a) The main aim of law is .

b) The system of law in our country consists of .

c) Constitutional law is .

d) Constitutional law deals with .

e) Administrative law deals with .

f) Financial law regulates.. .

g) Civil law is connected with.. .

i) The rules of labour law include .

j) Criminal law defines .

k) Criminal law takes the form of a criminal code which consists of .

 

21-Choose the correct form of the Infinitive and fill in the blanks. Translate the sentences.

1 The case must. by now.

a) be considered

b) have been considered

c) have considered

2 The first person..was the eye-witness of the road accident.

a) to interview

b) to be interviewed

c) to have been interviewed

3 The criminal ..was taken to prison.

a) to be arrested

b) to have arrested

c) to have been arrested

4 The investigator was.the crime.

a) to solve

b) to be solved

c) to have solved

5 The expert supposes that both crimes mightby the same person.

a) be committed

b) have been committed

c) have committed

22-Make up sentences with Complex Subject using the following words and word combinations. Translate the sentences.

a) A minor offence, the boy, to have committed, was reported.

b) At all, is likely, the accused, no punishment, to receive.

c) Next week, the trial, to be held, is unlikely.

d) To recognize, the witness, the criminal, is supposed.

e) The crime, to have solved, the investigator, is said.

23-Open the brackets. Translate the sentences.

a) The public expected the accused (be discharged, to be discharged).

b) We saw the judge (to leave, leave) the court.

c) The accused wanted his case (be tried, to be tried) with a jury.

d) The accused asked his barrister (to make, make) a statement.

e) The witness heard the offender (to threaten, threaten) the victim.

f) I make my daughter (to help, help) me.

24- Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form, using Participles I. Translate the sentences.

a) The case (to try) by the city court now is of great educational value.

b) (To try) the case the judge left the court.

c) (To investigate) the case was passed over to the court.

d) Civil law is a system of rules (to regulate) property relations.

e) The hearing of the case (to be over), the judge closed the trial.

f) The Supreme Court of the USA consists of 9 judges, one justice (to appoint) as the Chief Justice.

g) The criminal (to arrest) quickly, the investigation didnt last long.

25-Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form, using Participles I or Gerunds. Analyzing forms. Translate the sentences.

a) The juvenile was found guilty of (to commit) a murder.

b) One of the aims of the police is (to eradicate) crime.

c) Upon (to receive) the summons, the witness must appear before the investigator or in court.

d) The task of criminal law is (to protect) the social and state system, (to exist) law and order against criminal encroachments.

e) The boys (to arrest) did not surprise us.

f) The Senate is composed of 100 members, the senators (to elect) for a term of 6 years.

26- Fill in the blanks with the following words and word combinations:

the burden of proof, lay persons, to give a verdict, to bring evidence, to be compelled, to criminate, voluntary confessions, barristers, solicitors, to presume

a) All judicial trials are held in open court, the parties having the right to be represented and to have their interests defended by ..and .. . A criminal trial can take place only in the presences of the accused.

b) ..is upon the accuser. The person making a charge must ..to prove that the accused was in fact guilty. If he fails to do so, there is no case against the accused. Every person ..to be innocent until he has been proved to be guilty.

c) In all serious cases the accused must be tried not by a judge alone, but by a jury. A jury may be defined as a body of ..(usually twelve) summoned ..on oath.

d) Another rule of English criminal procedure is that no accused person can .. .. Even .. are received with great caution.

e) The judgment of the court becomes the material for the future development of the law.

27-Complete the following sentences:

a) In all judicial trials the parties have the right to be represented by. .

b) A criminal trial can take place only in the presence of. .

c) The burden of proof is upon. .

d) Every person is presumed to be innocent until. .

e) A jury may be defined as s body of lay persons summoned. .

f) Another rule of English criminal procedure is that no accused person can. .

g) The judgment of the court becomes. .

28- Fill in the blanks with the following words and word combinations:

a constitutional monarchy, hereditary, resides, the Sovereign, a major issue, a legal document, the duration of Parliament, the statutory period, a borough constituency, by popular vote, to resign, to dissolve Parliament.

a) There is no single . setting forth and defining the British Constitution. It is usually said to be unwritten. It is known to be based on a number of statutes, laws, traditions and customs assembled over a long period of time. One of the earliest laws, dating from 1215, is known as Magna Carta, which provides among other things for the equal administration of justice.

b) Britain is .., in which the crown is.. The legislative power .in the Parliament which consists of the ., the House of Commons and the House of Lords.

c) The executive power belongs to ., but it is entrusted to the Cabinet of Ministers. When it is known which Parliamentary party has the majority in a newly elected House of Commons, the Sovereign must order the leader of that Party to become Prime Minister and form a Government.

d) If the Government is defeated in the House of Commons on., it must.or call on the Sovereign.and hold a new election.

e) The House of Commons consists of members elected by .representing the counties and . The number of members at present is 625.

f) The House of Lords consists of the Lords spiritual and temporal. In the full House of Lords there are some 850 members.

g) .for.is 5 years. The life of Parliament can be extended by Act of Parliament.

29- Fill in the blanks with the following words and word combinations: the principal judicial organ, in accordance with, automatic access, to comply with, conventions in force, the Security Council, the General Assembly, to call upon, obligations, legal matters, judging legal deputes.

a) The International Court of Justice established by the Charter of the United Nations is.of the United Nations. The Court functions.the provisions of the Statute which is a part of the United Nations Charter and every member state of the United Nations therefore has .to the Court. Every member is pledged. the decisions of the Court in a case to which it is a party.

b) The jurisdiction of the Court covers all cases which the parties may refer to it, and all matters specially provided for the Charter or in treaties and. It consists of 15 judges elected by.and., all of them being elected on the basis of their qualifications, not on the basis of their nationality.

c) The hearing of the cases is under the control of the President or Vice-President, the latter being elected by the Court itself.

d) The representation of the case having been completed, the President declares the hearing closed, and the Court withdraws to consider the judgment.

e) The judgment is final and without appeal. One of the parties having failed to perform its., the other party in the case can.the Security Council to determine measures to be taken.

f) In addition tothe Court gives advice on.referred to it by the General Assembly, the Security Council and other organs which have been authorized by the General Assembly to request such advice. The Court sits at the Hague in the Netherlands.

30 - Complete the following sentences:

a) The International Court Of Justice is.

b) The Court functions in accordance with .

c) Every member state of the United Nations has .

d) Every member is pledged to comply with the decisions of the court in a case .

e) The jurisdiction of the Court covers .

f) It consists of 15 judges elected by .

g) The hearing of the cases is under the control of .

h) The judgment is final and .

i) In addition to judging legal disputes .

j) The Court sits .

 

 







: 2015-09-04; : 1471.


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