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Name some more newspaper sections.
Newspaper headline language
81. How to Write Headlines for News Articles
A headline is a short, clear summary of the information presented in a newspaper article. To write headlines correctly, certain rules must be followed.
a) use the present simple tense to describe events which have occurred very recently. Earthquake hits L.A.,for example, means the earthquake has just happened, probably in the last twenty-four hours;
b) omit the verb “be” when using the passive voice to describe a past event. Write: President defeated or Lost boy foundnot: President was defeated or Lost boy was found;
c) write “to be + past participle” when using the passive voice to describe a future event, as in: Hospital to be opened by Queen (= A hospital is going to be opened by the Queen.) when using the active voice to describe a future event, write the full infinitive (to be) only, as in Queen to open hospital (= The Queen is going to open a hospital);
d) omit articles (a, an, the) as in Child trapped in rubble (= A child was trapped in rubble);
e) put nouns one after the other as in London factory explosion injures 27 (which means that an explosion in a factory located in London resulted in twenty-seven people being injured;
f) avoid using prepositions (words like under, over, across, through).
Write: Unidentified virus spreads rather than An unidentified virus has spread across the country);
g) use abbreviations like US, UN, NATO. Write: UFO sighted not: An unidentified flying object was seen.