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Writing. 1. Peter’s father is very concerned about his son’s progress at school

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1. Peter’s father is very concerned about his son’s progress at school. Here, mixed up, are nine things he said to Peter the other evening. Match phrases from column A and column B to make nine complete sentences.



You ought a allow you to stay up so late.

You must b to play less attention to the girls and more to your lessons

I may c do your homework before you go to bed

I shoudn’t d help with the washing up, please

You might e sit in your class one day to see exactly what you do!

I have f understand modern maths

I cannot g to discuss your future career together

We need h get better marks if you watched less television

Could you i to go to a parent’s meeting tomorrow evening


2. Fill each of the blanks in this dialogue with any appropriate form of the verb can or be able to:


John: _______ you swim?

Phil: Yes, of course. I _____ swim since I was eight years old.

John: Have you? I _____ swim until I was ten, but when I was twelve I ____ swim much better than I ___ now. In fact, I ___ swim ten lengths of the swimming pool without stopping. I certainly ____ do that if we went swimming today.


3. Complete the following sentences with an appropriate form of have to/must:


Most people who want to visit the USA ____ get a visa.

When you were at school, _____ wear a uniform of any kind?

You ____ drive a car without a valid driving license.

If he is found guilty at the trial tomorrow, _____ go to prison?

I _____ get up at 6 a.m. yesterday in order to get the meeting on time.

Of course you _____ go swimming if you don’t want to, but I’m sure you’ll enjoy it if you do go.

In your job _____ use English every day?

If you want to pass your driving test tomorrow, you ____ drive a lot more carefully.

In his exam yesterday he ____ answer as many questions as he had expected.

If you do well in the first test you ____ take the second one.


4. Finish each of the following sentences so that it means exactly the same as the sentence before it.


It would be advisable for Mary to meet her boss at the airport.

Mary had ____________________________________________

It is essential that she does not arrive late.

She _________________________________________________

It will be possible for Jane to start her nursing course in the autumn if she passes all her exams now.

Jane will _____________________________________________

It isn’t necessary for Paul to come to the meeting tonight.

Paul _________________________________________________

It is imperative that they finish this work before Friday.

They ________________________________________________

It is imperative that they finish this work before Friday.

They _________________________________________________

It was necessary for her to walk five miles to school every day.

She __________________________________________________

8. Can you come to the party on Saturday?

Will you ______________________________________________?


5. Complete the sentences using the modal verbs can, could, have to, must, might, should. Some gaps may have more than one correct answer:


Ted's flight from Amsterdam took more than 11 hours. He _____ be exhausted after such a long flight. He _____ prefer to stay in tonight and get some rest.

If you want to get a better feeling for how the city is laid out, you _____ walk downtown and explore the waterfront.

Hiking the trail to the peak ____ be dangerous if you are not well prepared for dramatic weather changes. You ____ research the route a little more before you attempt the ascent.

When you have a small child in the house, you ____ leave small objects lying around. Such objects ____ be swallowed, causing serious injury or even death.

Dave: ___ you hold your breath for more than a minute?

Nathan: No, I can't.

Jenny's engagement ring is enormous! It ___ have cost a fortune.

Please make sure to water my plants while I am gone. If they don't get enough water, they ____ die.

I ____ speak Arabic fluently when I was a child and we lived in Egypt. But after we moved back to Canada, I had very little exposure to the language and forgot almost everything I knew as a child. Now, I _____ just say a few things in the language.

The book is optional. My professor said we _____ read it if we needed extra credit. But we ____ read it if we don't want to.

Leo: Where is the spatula? It ____ be in this drawer but it's not here.

Nancy: I just did a load of dishes last night and they're still in the dish washer. It ____ be in there. That's the only other place it _____ be.

You ____ take your umbrella along with you today. The weatherman on the news said there's a storm north of here and it _____ rain later on this afternoon.

____ we pull over at the next rest stop? I really _____ use the bathroom and I don't know if I ____ hold it until we get to Chicago.

Oh no! Frank's wallet is lying on the coffee table. He ____ have left it here last night.

Ned: ______ I borrow your lighter for a minute?

Stephen: Sure, no problem. Actually, you ____ keep it if you want to. I've given up smoking.

I _____ believe she said that to Megan! She ______ insult her cooking in front of everyone at the party last night. She ______ have just said she was full or had some salad if she didn't like the meal.


6. Put correct modal verbs:


1) George has travelled a lot. He ____ speak many languages.

2) I can hear you quite well. You _____ not shout.

3) I´m not sure where I will go for my holidays but I _____ go to Italy.

4) She ____ ride her bike at night without lights. It's not allowed.

5) She _____ not eat so much chocolate because it's bad for her figure.

6) I ____ understand him. He should speak louder.

7) It's later than I thought. I _____ go now.

8) You ____ a better trainer if you want to improve yourself.

9) Talk to Ann about your problems. I'm sure she ____ help you.

10) You ____ not vacuum the carpets, Carol has already done it.


7. Put correct modal verbs:


1) You ____ be tired because you have worked very hard.

2) He ____ come to my party because he is ill.

3) He ______ go to the dentist when he has toothache.

4) It's not very important. You _____ not do it now. You ____ do it tomorrow.

5) _____ you speak many languages?

6) I don't know what I'm doing this weekend but I ____ go to London.

7) Smoking is very unhealthy. You ____ stop it.

8) Playing football _____ in this park.

9) You have got plenty of time. You _____ not hurry.

10) You ____ have a passport to visit most foreign countries.


8. Put the right form of modalverbs:


Present simple: I can speak English.

Past simple: I ______ speak English.

Present perfect simple: I ____ speak English.

Future simple: I ____ speak English.

Present simple: He must learn for the test.

Past simple: He____ learn for the test.

Present perfect simple: He _____ learn for the test.

Future simple: He ____ learn for the test.

Present simple: I may go to the party.

Past simple: I ____ go to the party.

Present perfect simple: I ____ go to the party.

Future simple: I _____ go to the party.


9. Put the correct modalverb in its correct form combined with the verb in brackets to make deductions. In 1 to 6, try to use a different modalverb in each situation.


Situation A: There are five milk bottles on their front door step.

1) They ____________________ (forget) to cancel their milk deliveries.

2) They ____________________ (wake up) yet.

3) There ____________________ (be) some guests staying with them.


Situation B: His coat is on the floor.

4) He ____________________ (drop) it.

5) It ____________________ (be) his coat.

6) There ____________________ (be) some logical reason for it!



Put the correct modalverb in its correct form:


7) He was very strong; he ____________________ ski all day and dance all night.

8) We ____________________ to borrow umbrellas; so we didn't get wet.

9) I was so far from the stage that I ____________________ see very well.

10) He sees very badly; he ____________________ wear glasses all the time.

11) NOTICE: All dogs ____________________ kept on leads!

12) Farmers ____________________ get up early.

13) You ____________________ drive fast; there is a speed limit here.

14) We ____________________ drive fast; we have plenty of time.

15) They ____________________ get up early; they were on holiday.


Complete these sentences in an appropriate way:


16) I left my bicycle here and now it's gone.

Someone ____________________ (steal) it.

17) I bought two bottles of milk.

You ____________________ (buy) milk; we have loads in the fridge.

18) I have just watered the roses.

You ____________________ (water) them. Look, it's raining now!


10. Put proper modal verbs:


1) ___ you chew with your mouth open like that? Geez, it's making me sick watching you eat that piece of pizza.


2) Mrs. Scarlett's body was found in the lounge just moments ago, and it's still warm! Nobody has left the mansion this evening, so the killer___ be someone in this room. It ___ be any one of us!!!


3) Ted: I don't know why Denise starting crying when I mentioned the wedding.

Pamela: It ____ have been what you said about her brother. Or, perhaps she is just nervous. After all, the big day is tomorrow.


4) ____ you always say the first thing that pops into your head? ____ you think once in awhile before you speak?


5) I was reading the book last night before I went to bed. I never took it out of this room. It ___ be lying around here somewhere. Where ___ it be? ____ be swallowed, causing serious injury or even death.

Unit 9


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