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The compound verbal modal predicate;

2. the compound verbal aspect predicate.1

§ 16. The compound verbal modal predicate shows whether the action expressed by a non-finite form of the verb is considered as possible, im­possible, obligatory, necessary, desirable, etc. These shades of meaning are expressed by the first component of the predicate.

The compound verbal modal predicate may consist of the follow­ing components:

1. A modal verb and an infinitive.

Here belong the combinations of such verbs as can, may, must, should, would, ought, dare, need with an infinitive.

Youcan prove everything and nothing. (London)

His auntwould not give him the photograph. (Hardy)

2. Modal expressions: to be + Infinitive, to have + Infinitive.

The loudspeaker operationwas to take place in C. Company's sector. (Heym)

Ihave to work for my living. (Jerome)

3. A verb with a modal meaning2 and an infinitive or a gerund. Here belong such verbs as to hope, to expect, to intend, to attempt, to try, to endeavour, to long, to wish, to want, to desire, etc.

Hewanted to throw himself into the whirlpool of Paris. (Heym)

Weintend going to Switzerland, andclimbing Mount Blanc.(Ch. Bronte)

[1] It should be borne in mind that by 'aspect' we do not mean here the Verbal category of aspect but the lexical meaning of certain verbs as denoting beginning, the duration and the cessation of the action.

2 Verbs with a modal meaning should not be confused with modal verbs as such, which in the English language form a special group of defective verbs (see Chapter VII, Modal Verbs).


Of course shelongs to have a ball in her honour. (Du Maurier\

Certainly Idon't mean to take advantage of my position (Wilson)

Harristried to open the tin with a pocket knife and broke the knife and cut himself badly. (Jerome)

4.Modal expressions and an infinitive.

They are synonymous with modal verbs or verbs with a modal mean­ing. Here belong the combinations of such expessions as to be able, to be obliged, to be bound, to be willing, to be anxious, to be capable, to be going with an infinitive.

Baringhad been obliged to forego making friends. (Wilson)

Iam going to leave Paris. (Heym)

Weare most anxious to cooperate. (Heym)

5. Verbs and expressions used in the predicate of sentences con­taining the Subjective Infinitive Construction (Nominative-with-the- Infinitive Construction).

These words and expressions show the attitude of the speaker to­wards the person or thing expressed by the subject.

A ship — the Vestris —is reported to be arriving at Joppa. (Douglas) — Сообщают, что корабль «Вестрис» должен вскоре прибыть в Яффу.

About 4,000 port workersare believed to be on strike. (Daily Worker) — Предполагается, что бастует около четырех тысяч портовых рабочих.

Naturally all this had some chilling discouraging effect on him, but heappeared not to hold it against her. (Wescott) — Естест­венно, что все это расхолаживало и обескураживало его, но он, по-видимому, на нее за это не сердился.

Never mind who told me. Ihappen to know his car was seen here yesterday afternoon. (Du Maurier) — Неважно, кто мне сказал. Просто я знаю, что его машину видели здесь вчера днем.

Just at this moment youseem to be having difficulty with your left hand. (Wilson) — Как раз сейчас у вас, кажется, что-то не в порядке с левой рукой.


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