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From tree to paper




 


1Put in the correct verb forms.

1. Postmen and postwomen, police officers, judges and Members of Parliament are .................. by

the government, from our taxes. (pay)

2. A lot of modern medicines are .................. from

plants that grow in the tropical rain forests.

(make)

3. Most bread in England is now .................. by large industrial bakeries. (produce)

4. Some of America's coal is .................. by women -

but none of Britain's is. (mine)

5. Rice is not .................. everywhere in China, only

in places where it is hot and wet. (grow)

6. There is a small factory near our house where

microlight aircraft are ................... (build)

7. In my son's school, children are .................. by a different teacher for each subject. (teach)

8. Great numbers of birds are .................. from

Gibraltar every year, as they pass by on their

migrations. (see)

9. Do you think that a lot of medicine is ..................

to people who don't need it? (give)

10. Where are stamps .................. in your country? (sell)

 

2 Grammar revision. Put in the if necessary.

 

1. Our house was built in ....th..... fifteenth century.

2. .......:::........ paper is made from .................. wood.

3. It was invented by .................. Chinese.

4. You can travel to .................. United States by

.................. air or by .................. sea.

5. Could you answer .................. telephone? I'm busy.

6. .................. iron is not so strong as .................. steel.

7. 'Do you like this song?' '.................. words are stupid, but I like .................. music.'

8. 'Would you like a glass of wine?' 'No, thanks,

I don't drink .................. alcohol.'

9. Could you tell me .................. way to ..................

nearest police station?

 

 

3Write sentences to say what countries these languages are spoken in. Example:

 

Fc .r:\...i.s...,s.p.o....i.0...frQ... O?.... B lgi Aoo..>....::........


4Read the first text with a dictionary. Then fill in the blanks in the second text with words from the first.

 

 

SOME OF BRITAIN'S IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

 

Britain imports petroleum, mainly from the Middle East and Libya; cars from Europe and Japan; lamb and butter from New Zealand; and fruit from the EEC, South America an<LAfrica.

Some ofBritain's exports are: chemicals, which are

produced all over the country; chocolate and sugar

confectionery, which are made mostly in York and

the South West; drinks, which are produced mainly in

Scotland; and metals and metal products, which are manufactured in many regions including Yorkshire,

South Wales, the Midlands and the Northern Region.

 

 

SOME OF AUSTRALIA'S IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

Australia .........L..... books from Britain, electronic equipment ............... Japan, ..........?........ cars and heavy machines ........'!:........ Britain and the USA. Some of Australia's exports are: wool, ........?......... is produced

........9......... in the dry regions and ........?.........

New South Wales; wheat, which ........$......... grown in ........L..... South East and in the region of Perth; sugar, which is .......H....... mainly in Queensland; and minerals (lead, zinc, etc.) which ......J.L.... imported .....J.L.... by Britain and Japan.

 

5If you have Student's Cassette B, find Lesson 25, Exercise 2 (only the first six sentences are recorded here). Listen, and try to write down all the sentences.

 

6Write about three things that are grown or manufactured or produced in your country; add as many details as you can.


Japanese

English


 

Chinese Arabic

Spanish Russian


German

Greek

 


 

 

''-"'--"'--""""---' -

 

\. /IJU

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26 Who? What? Where?. • •

 


1Put the correct form of the verb in each blank.

1. Last Saturday I was .................. to Cambridge to visit a friend, and my wife wanted .................. to


3Complete the text with words from the box. Use ,a dictionary.


Reading to run in a marathon. (go; go)

2. I telephoned the railway station .................. what times the trains were. (find out)


built

used


rebuilt repaired

burnt down


added


damaged


3. I was .................. that the 8.14 train would get me

to London in time to reach Cambridge by 10.30.

(tell)

4. So my wife drove me to the station on her way to Reading, and I was .................. on the platform at 8.05. (stand)

5. A few minutes later, it was .................. that the train was .................. to be late. (announce; go)

6. I knew I was .................. to miss my connection in London; but I couldn't phone my friend to tell him because the telephone on the platform was

................... (go; break)

7. Meanwhile, my wife was .................. other

problems: there were road works on the way to Reading, and the main road was ................... (have; close)

8. After a while she realised that she was lost; she was afraid she was going .................. late. (be)

9. But she finally .................. the sports ground. The gate was .................. and there was a big sign saying

'Reading Harriers 2nd Annual Marathon -

Sunday August 27th'. (find; lock)

10. Some days it's a mistake to get out of bed, as my mother used ................... (say)

 

2Look at these examples:

The Pastoral Symphony was written by Beethoven.

( = Beethoven wrote it.)

The Pastoral Symphony was written with a pen made from a feather. ( = Beethoven used a pen made

from a feather to write it.)

Beethoven's foot was injured by a falling stone. (The stone fell by itself.)

Now put by or with in each sentence.

 

1. This land was taken from the Apaches .................. the white people.

2. Some oriental rugs are made .................. very young children.

3. Hollandaise sauce should always be stirred

.................. a wooden spoon.

4. This letter was written .................. a left-handed person.

5. He was knocked down .................. a flower pot that fell out of a seventh-floor window.

6. He was hit on the head and face .................. a broken chair leg.

7. The cheese was covered .................. a damp cloth.

8. I have been asked .................. the Prime Minister

to make no announcement until we have further information.

 


Glastrop Cathedral was founded by Henry Morcam in 1442, and was ...... J......... between 1443 and 1458. During the Civil War it was .......2......... as a military headquarters, and was badly ........?.........• It was .......4......... and restored after the war by Lord Evelyn Fairfax, and a new tower was .........5........• In 1824 part of the

Cathedral was .......F......;it was not .......7........ until 1883

 

 

Now read these notes and write a text about the house.

 

Stroud House: built James Stroud 1676

18th century used as farmhouse

damaged by fire 1776 bought Andrew Scott repaired, new floor added

badly damaged in World War II

bought National Trust after war completely rebuilt

opened to public 1968


 

ut one of the express;ons from the box ;n each blank.


5 Revision. Complete the table of irregular verbs. Learn the ones you don't know.


 

 

have a talk have a dream have a shower


 

 

have breakfast have a look have a wonderful time

have a drink have a baby


 

INFINITIVE

speak spell spend stand


 

PAST TENSE PAST PARTICIPLE


1. I'm sure you'll .................. in Corsica; we've been there three times and enjoyed it every time.

2. What time do you usually .................. ?

3. Have you heard the news? Ellen and Jim are going to .................. ! I'm going to be a grandmother!

4. Sit down and .................. while I finish this, and then we can talk.

5. I'm going to have to .................. with Brian - I think he's been using our phone to call Australia.

6. I .................. sometimes that I'm locked in a small room.

7. I'm so hot and tired! I think I'll .................. before I start dinner, if you don't mind.

8. I think I heard the doorbell ring- could you

··················?

Now put have into the correct tense.

 

9. Can I phone you back? We .................. lunch right now.

10. I .................. a conversation with Alison this morning when Jerry came into her office.

11. I .................. a day off next Friday, so I'll try

to finish this by Thursday.

12. We .................. trouble starting the car when it's cold.


SWill take teach tell think

understand wear

wm write

 

6In a race, the results were as follows:

 

James beat Olson.

Olson was beaten by Andrews.

Peters was beaten by George and James. Peters beat Smith.

Andrews was beaten by George, who was beaten by James. Andrews beat Peters, and so did Olson.

Who won?


 

 

27 Probability

 

1Put in will, might, can't or must.

1. Next Monday .................. be my 30th birthday.

2. I .................. go to Spain next week, but I'm not sure yet.

3. 'Isn't that Joan over there?' 'No, it .................. be her-Joan's

much taller than that.'

4. There's somebody at the door. Do you think it .................. be the postman?

5. 'I've been travelling since four o'clock.' 'You .................. be tired.'

6. We haven't made definite plans for our holiday yet. We .................. go to Greece or Italy, or we .................. even stay at home.

7. This ................. be John's coat. There's a letter addressed to him

in the pocket.

8. 'I'm getting married next week.' 'You .................. mean it!' 'I do.'

 


 

 


2 Is it true? You can use your dictionary. Use one

of the expressions in the box to write what you think

about each statement.

 

 

It must be true. It's probably true.

It could be true. It might be true.

It's probably not true. It can't be true.

 

1. Some early skis have been found which are at least 4,500 years old.

2. A long time ago, mountains in Norway, Scotland,

Greenland and the north-east US belonged to the same mountain chain.

3. When powerful people choose people to work with them, they usually choose people who will

lie to them about how well things are going.

4. There is a fish that is more poisonous than any poisonous snake.

5. Some animals living very deep in the ocean can

'see' the extremely hot water that comes up

from the ocean floor.

6. Our ideas about what makes a person good­

looking depend partly on what country we grew

up m.

7. In 1988, the greatest physicist in the world was

a man who could not write, or even speak clearly.

8. Most algebra problems cannot be solved.

9. We will never be able to predict the weather accurately for longer than a few days.

 

3 What did they say? Rewrite the sentences as in the example.

 

Dolores Ibarruri: 'It is better to die on your feet than to live on your knees!'

J>qJ.9.f...J.b.q.r.r.\-l-,f.i...s .d....tkl..o.t... ic.... -s....b. t....t.Q...

4... 9.r.\..\d9..W.:.. --- .:i:<?..!..:; . -- ---"l ---k ';>.......

1. Virginia Woolf: 'The eyes of others are our prisons; their thoughts are our cages.'

2. Texas Guinan: 'Success has killed more men

than bullets.'

3. Eleanor Roosevelt: 'No one can make you feel

inferior without your consent.'

4. Mae West: 'Between two evils, I always pick the

one I've never tried before.' Also: 'Too much of a good thing can be wonderful.'

5. Dodie Smith: 'Noble deeds and hot baths are

the best cures for depression.'

6. Adele Davis: 'Thousands upon thousands of persons have studied disease; almost no one has studied health.'

7. Mother Teresa: 'Our work brings people face

to face with love.'


4 Here are some of the questions from Fred

and Janet's first conversation from the recording for

the Student's Book. Rewrite them as in the example.

 

Fred: 'What's your name?'

fr4.. 4s.ke.4...;T."q,r. e\;...whP....h.. n.o..m.. .!?.-: .:..

 

1. Janet: 'What do you do, Fred?'

2. Janet: 'Where do you work?'

3. Janet: 'Are you based in London?'

4. Janet: 'Have I really (got an interesting face)?'

5. Fred: 'Are you an actress?'

6. Janet: 'You've got a Boeing 747?'

7. Janet: 'What does your father do?'

 

5 If you have Student's Cassette B, find Lesson 27, Exercise 1 (only the first part of the conversation is recorded here). Listen, and write down everything

you hear.

 

6 Write answers to the questions.

1. What have people said to you that was not true?

Write three things. (For example, When I was small, my brother told me that babies were

brought by rabbits.)

2. Think of three questions you have asked people in the last few days and write them down.

(For example, I asked my English teacher if she spoke any other languages.)

3. Is there a God? Why? Begin There must/may/can't be a God, because ...

 

 

\

\

I

I

 

"Hold this for a moment, he said -

and I haven't seen him since."

 

 


 


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