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The Naval Forces (NF)




The Naval Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine consists of 5 branches: surface forces, submarine forces, Navy aviation, coast rocket-artillery and marines. The Naval Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine also has as a component part special formations and units, units institutions of technical, logistical and medical support, military educational and scientific institutions.

By its organization the Naval Forces consists of military command and control bodies, formations, large units, units, ships, military educational institutions, institutions and organizations.

Surface forces, having in their disposal surface ships and boats of different classes and destination perform to:

search and neutralization of surface ships, submarines and boats of the enemy, enemy amphibious elements, patrols and single transports(ships);

provide security of base regions, deployment and arrival of friendly submarines, protection and support to patrols and single transports (ships), protection of merchant ships;

perform mine laying missions;

perform landing of amphibious forces and conduct of their operations on the coast;

participate in fire support of units, acting at the sea directions; perform minesweeping, reconnaissance, and radio electronic warfare;

conduct targeting of its strike forces on enemy objectives;

land reconnaissance special purpose groups (detachments) on the enemy shores, and perform other tasks.

Naval aviation, having in its disposal planes and helicopters of coast and ship basing, performs the following duties:

to search and neutralize enemy surface ships, submarines and boats, enemy amphibious elements, patrols and single transports (ships);

to performs mine laying and minesweeping missions;

to conduct air reconnaissance, radio electronic warfare, conduct targeting of its strike forces on enemy objectives.

Naval aviation may as well be involved in destroying naval and air bases, ports and separate permanent naval objects, oil and gas complexes of the enemy, provide landing of the amphibious forces and support their actions on the coast, and also for performing other tasks.

Coast rocket-artillery forces, having in its disposal coast installed and moving rocket systems, are aimed to destroy surface ships, amphibious groups and patrols of the enemy, protect bases and coast objects of the fleet, coast sea communications and friendly forces formations, acting at sea directions. Besides, they can be used to destroy bases and ports of the enemy.

Marine Corps, being highly mobile armed branch, is used as a component part of amphibious, airborne and amphibious-airborne operations, alone or in accordance with formations and units of the Army in order to capture parts of the seashore, islands, ports, fleet bases, coast airfields and other coast objects of the enemy. It can also be used to defend naval bases, vital areas of the shore, separate islands and coast objects, security of hostile areas.

 

4.s Answer the questions

 

1. What are the main tasks of the Naval Foreces?

2. What branches of the Naval Forces do you know?

3. What tasks do surface forces fulfill?

4. What tasks does naval aviation perform?

5. What do you know about Marine Corps?

6. What are the missions of units and organizations of technical, logistical and medical service?

5. Complete the speech bubbles

 

1. The Naval Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine consists of 5 branches: ___________, submarine forces, ___________, coast rocket-artillery and ___________.

2. By its organization the Naval Forces consists of ___________ and control bodies, ___________, units, ships, military ___________, institutions and organizations.

3. Surface forces provide security of ___________, deployment and arrival of friendly ___________, protection and support to patrols and single transports (ships), protection of ___________.

4. Naval aviation performs ________________________ missions.

5. It can also be used to defend __________, vital areas of the shore, separate islands and ___________, security of ___________areas.

6.ó ® Discuss these questions in pairs or small groups

 

1. What do you know about the history of creation of the Naval Forces?

2. How can you characterize the Naval Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine?

3. What branches of the Naval Forces do you know? What are their tasks?

4. What types of armament do you know?

7. Translate words and word combinations into English

 

Надводні сили, підводні сили, авіація ВМС, морська піхота, десантні загони, конвой, радіоелектронна боротьба, повітряна розвідка, стаціонарні і рухомі ракетні комплекси.


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