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1.s Try to answer these questions before reading the text


1. What do you understand by the term “naval forces”?

2. What branches of the naval forces do you know?

3. What do you know about the organization of the naval forces?

4. What types of ships and armaments do you know?

5. What are the tasks of the naval forces?

2. In this exercise we’ll concentrate on the words and word combinations to be sure you know what they mean

Naval Forces (navy) –the branch of a country’s armed forces that fights at sea and the ships that it uses;

submarine -a vessel, esp one designed for warfare, capable of operating for protracted periods below the surface of the sea;

logistics -the science of the movement, supplying, and maintenance of military forces in the field;

amphibious – 1) designed for operation on or from both water and land; 2) relating to military forces and equipment organized for operations launched from the sea against an enemy shore;

mine -a device containing an explosive designed to destroy ships, vehicles, or personnel, usually laid beneath the ground or in water;

vessel –large ship or boat;

minesweeper - a naval vessel equipped to detect and clear mines;

airborne – (of soldiers) trained to jump out of aircraft onto enemy land in order to fight;

ammunition - bombs, missiles, chemicals, biological agents, nuclear materials, etc., capable of use as weapons;

maintenance – the act of keeping something in good condition by checking or repairing it regularly;

post exchange (PX)– a shop/store at a US military base that sells food, clothes and other things;

electronic warfare - the military use of electronics to prevent or reduce an enemy's effective use and to protect friendly use of electromagnetic radiation equipment;

3. Read the text and translate into Ukrainian

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