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Rendering of the “evaluative component” of messages in interpreting




Evaluative components may play different roles in the semantic structure of utterances. If they are parts of the theme they may often be redundant and omitted in interpreting, e.g. The immense advances in science and technology open up great opportunities for the rapid development of our human and mate­rial resources[...] досягнення у галузі пауки та техніки забезпечують нам сьогодні можливість швидко розвивати людські та матеріальні ресурси. Omission of the evaluative adjective величезні in interpreting does not damage the sense of the utterance and its communicative effect.

However, if the evaluative component is placed in the rhemeof the utter­ance, it becomes a part of the “informational focus” and its omission ma> result in distortions in interpretation, e.g. We have always attached consider- йЫе importance to the development of self-government — Ми завжди приділяли ШШну. увагу розвитку самоврядування. Omission of the evaluative adjectives Шачну, велику would have resulted in a certain loss of the sense — evaluation, in this particular case.

In terms of semantic structure evaluative phrases maybe classified into:

1-Phrases in which the evaluative component is included in the attributeand the antecedent{антецедент) either contains weak evaluation or no evalu­ation at all-

ATTRIBUTE: evaluation positive ATTRIBUTE: evaluation negative
meaninaful concent reliable means Drioritv measures successful outcome difficult assignment adverse effect traaic results exolosive situation

2. Phrases in which the evaluative component is included in the antecedent and the attribute is rather an intensifier of quality the meaning of which is equal to the generic adverb “very”:

ANTECEDENT: evaluation positive ANTECEDENT: evaluation negative
positive assurance meaninaful co-ODeration dear auidelines durable Deace sianificant deterioration fruitless exoenditurest remendous waste deep rearet

Omission of the evaluative attribute in rendering of the phrases of the first type will result in considerable losses of meaning, however, the evaluative attribute may be easily omitted in translation of the phrases of the second type where evaluation is “embedded” in the antecedent.

 







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