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Grammar revision

The “-ing” forms. The Infinitive. Participle II.(consult Appendix 3)

15. Decide if the -ing forms in these sentences are gerunds, present participles or adjectives:

1. Graphic artists use large-format printers that are capable of producing high-quality photo-realistic prints, signs, posters, maps, diagrams, and the like.

2. An operating system is a generic term for the multitasking software layer

3. Looking deeply in the ancient history many interesting and useful machines, that can be referred as primitive computers can be found.

4. A computer is an electronic machine which can accept data in a certain form, process the data, and give the results of the processing in a specified format as information.

5. It might offer them a greater deal of artistic freedom, or precision while performing their work.

6. I’m buying a computer for running computer games.

7. In industrial mass produced discs, such as those distributing music or movies, the data is placed on the disc by a stamping machine.

8. Data is retrieved by a laser beam that reflects off the disc, detecting the pits.

9. Optical drives come in various speeds, spinning between 200 and 4,000 RPMs.

10. There are very basic low-quality thermal printers meant for printingreceipts.

16. Put the words in brackets in gerund or Infinitive forms:

1. Merge feature allows you ________ (to merge) text from one file into another file.

2. This job involves ________ (to create) new software.

3. It is precisely these features of algorithms that sometimes make algorithmic models suitable ________ (to represent) knowledge.

4. Do you mind ______ (to interrupt) you?

5. Many developers will suggest ________ (to use) Notepad for writing sites.

6. Memory management can be difficult _______ (to master).

7. Visual Basic is a good language for ________ (to script) Windows applications that do not need the power and speed of C#.

8. These two competing formats are expected _______ (to replace) current DVD as the standard for watching movies at home.

9. Facts must _______ (to become) plain statements.

10. He prefers _______ (to browse) the Internet to ______ (to read).

11. He was fined for ______ (to spread) viruses.

12. We are looking forward to _______ (to receive) your e-mail.

13. Would you mind ________ (to write) your name and address on the back of the cheque?

14. I remember _______ (to read) a review of that book.

15. By _______ (to work) day and night he succeeded in _______ (to finish) the job in time.

17. Fill in the blanks with -ed or -ing form of the adjectives:

1. The coach isn’t _____________ (please) with the results of his team.

2. Although everybody says the course is ___________(bore), I want to listen to it.

3. They were ___________(surprise) to see so many customers in the store.

4. My father finds C++ ___________(fascinate).

5. Roberto Carlos is ___________(concern) about his injury.

6. I have a profitable job but it is ____________(exhaust).

7. This novel is __________(enchante). Do you agree?

8. All the fans were __________(surprise) by the success of their team.

9. Getting up early at the weekends is ____________ (annoy ).

10. Robin is ___________(interest) in computing. According to her computing is really __________. (interest)

18. Transform the following sentences into Participle I or Participle II constructions:

1. The linewhich passes through these two points is a diameter. 2. If it is designed and devised in a proper way, the symbolic language becomes universal. 3.If you express these statements in mathematical terms, you obtain the following equations. 4. The official language which is spoken in this country is Ukrainian. 5.When we use mathematical language, we avoid vagueness and unwanted extra meanings of our statements. 6.When scientists apply mathematics, they codify their science more clearly and objectively. 7. A decimal fraction is a fractionwhich has adeno­minator of 10, 100, 1000 or some simple multiple of 10 (e. g., 0.05).

19. Choose the right Verbal:

1. She didn’t succeed in ….. her sister talk.

a) made; b) to be made; c) making; d) being made.

2. Beryl insisted on ….. in London.

a) to marry; b) being married; c) married; d) having been married.

3. She sat ….. straight before her.

a) gazed; b) to gaze; c) gazing; d) to be gazing.

4. I think I hear Hector ….. back.

a) to have come; b) to come; c) having come; d) coming.

5. She seemed ….. or …..

a) written***drawn; b) to write***to draw; c) to be writing***to be drawing; d) to be written***to be drawn.

6. Why didn’t you make me ….. about it and ….. it off my heart ?

a) talking; b) to talk; c) talk; d) having talked.

a) got; b)get; c) to get; d) to be getting.

7. ….. my sister about it hurts me.

a) not to tell; b) not to be told; c) not telling; d) not to have been told.

8. Coming up I found my landlord ….. quietly upstairs.

a) going; b) gone; c) to go; d) to have gone.

9. You are mistaking in ….. me a beggar.

a) being supposed; b) supposing; c) to suppose; d) to be supposed.

10. Sam looked from side to side as though ….. to escape.

a) to try; b) trying; c) having tried; d) to have tried.

11. The door ….. out of the road was open.

a) to lead; b) led; c) leading; d) to have led.

12. He seemed ….. all he wanted.

a) gaining; b) to gain; c) having gained; d) to have gained.

13. An urgent sense of ….. caught me up.

a) being late; b) to be late; c) to have been late; d) having been late.

14. He never stopped looking for a chance to make us …..

a) obeying; b) to obey; c) obey; d) to have obeyed.

15. All the January morning the telephone kept ….. in my office.

a) rung; b) to ring; c) to be ringing; d) ringing.



1. Read and translate the text. Learn the words in bold type:

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