|Главная Случайная страница
Разделы: Автомобили Астрономия Биология География Дом и сад Другие языки Другое Информатика История Культура Литература Логика Математика Медицина Металлургия Механика Образование Охрана труда Педагогика Политика Право Психология Религия Риторика Социология Спорт Строительство Технология Туризм Физика Философия Финансы Химия Черчение Экология Экономика Электроника
Different approaches to the study of sentences (traditional analysis, distributional analysis, transformational, oppositional analysis, IC-analysis)
Traditional approachincludes division of sentences into simple & composite (complex, compound, but there may be 2 intermediate types-complex-compound: I know that Frank studies French & Gerry studies German. compound-complex my friend, who came to see me, was watching TV and I was making coffee). From point of view of this approach each sentence is divided in principle parts (subject, predicate) & secondary (attributes, objects, adv. modifiers). communicative types: declarative (affirmative, negative), interrogative, imperative. Also can be characterized from structural point of view: two-member & one-member, extended, unextended. Distributional analysis, its goal is to study the units of the language in relation to their textual environment, which may be either left-hand or right-hand. The distribution of any unit in the sentence may be defined as the total of its environments.Distributional analysis may be done on the lexemic & phrasemic levels. I got to take care of myself.-got opens one syntactic valence for I(subject)& other for to take care.’tis the finite part of the compound verbal aspect predicate.Transformational analysis,its aim isto establish the syntactic paradigm of the sentence that is to find the base pattern otherwise called kernel sentence, structure & their transforms. If we take interrogative sentence, it may be described as transformationally produced from a statement which is base pattern. Is the weather fine today?→the weather is fine today. Negative sentences are regarded as transforms of affirmative sentences. All complex structures may be presented as derived from one or more simple sentences. I saw him come in.→I saw him.& he came in./Oppositional analysishelps to determine grammatical forms & paradigms of the constituent parts of the sentence. Danny lit a cigarette. VS Danny lights a cigarette. (tense) VS …was lighting… (aspect). IC-analysis is based on group parsing(division) that is dividing the whole of the sentence into 2 groups: gr. Of subject & predicate which in turn are divided into their subgroups according to the successive subordinate order.